Stratton St Margaret

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Stratton St Margaret
Stratton St Margaret is located in Wiltshire
Stratton St Margaret
Stratton St Margaret
 Stratton St Margaret shown within Wiltshire
Population 21,366 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU164876
Civil parish Stratton St Margaret
Unitary authority Swindon
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Swindon
Postcode district SN3 – SN25 (various)
Dialling code 01793
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Swindon
Website Stratton St Margaret Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°35′10″N 1°45′43″W / 51.586°N 1.762°W / 51.586; -1.762

Stratton St Margaret is a civil parish in the Borough of Swindon, Wiltshire, England. The parish covers north-eastern suburbs of Swindon including Stratton St Margaret itself along with Upper Stratton, Lower Stratton, Nythe and Kingsdown.

History[edit]

Stratton St Margaret, once a distinct village, has now become the northeastern part of Swindon and is rapidly becoming suburbanised. The area of the parish was originally much larger than it is now. Most of Gorse Hill was part of the parish until it was transferred to Swindon in 1891 and a large part of the housing estate of Penhill was once fields in Stratton St. Margaret. Until WWI Stratton had its own School Board, Fire Brigade & Brass band.

Stratton derives its name from the Latin strata ("paved way" or "street") after the former Roman road whose course traverses the parish North – South. The Domesday Book of 1086 records the toponym Stratone, when the parish was held by Nigel, physician to William the Conqueror. The village consisted of three hamlets: The Street; the area around Green Road and Dores Road and including the few houses at Kingsdown; and Stratton Green, mainly around Tilleys Lane. Footpaths and coffin-ways joined the hamlets. In 1316 Queen Margaret had Upper & Lower Stratton in dower and began the association. In 1445 it is mentioned as "Margrete Stratton". In Saxon times it was a market town and had a fair.

Merton, Bishop of Rochester had a rectorship here and bought the Manor which he presented to Merton College, Oxford who retained an interest right up to recent times. A Priory here was confiscated by Henry VI and presented to King's College, Cambridge.

The Church of England parish church of Saint Margaret dates from the 13th century, with numerous later additions in 1840s and partial rebuilding in the middle of the 20th century, a Norman door remains. Amongst the notable churchyard tombs is one to Sir William Hedges who was President of the East India Company in the 17th century. His home was where the Crematorium is now. The parish registers date from 1608. Near the church once stood an Elizabethan tithe barn, built mainly of wood, and the village pound and the small parish school. The main tithe barn stood near Parsonage Farm in Swindon Road (both now demolished). St Phillip's Church in Upper Stratton started as a barrel store supplied by John Arkell. The actual brick church was built in 1904 with the chancel following in 1910. [Highworth & Swindon Workhouse] was built within the Parish from 1834 having been re-located from Highworth. The hospital was built in 1852. In 1881 Census Charles MARLOW Jockey of 1849 Derby winner 'Flying Dutchman' is recorded as living in the workhouse.

In the past, the people of Stratton were commonly known as 'crocodiles'. The name comes from a local story that some Stratton men once armed themselves against a supposed crocodile found at the side of a road. It turned out to be a scarf.[2]

Population history[edit]

1801 – 596, 1811 – 680, 1821 – 745, 1831 – 924, 1841 – 1,568, 1851 – 1,725, 1861 – 1,658, 1871 – 2,531, 1881 – 3,959, 1891 – 3,234, 1901 – 3,367, 1911 – 3,695, 1921 – 3,628, 1931 – 4,365, 1941 – n/r, 1951 – 7,761, 1961 – 11,191 2001 – 21,366,

figures from H M Governments census's

Notable people[edit]

Adam de Stratton (died c.1294) was the son of Thomas de Argoges, or Arwillis, of Stratton St Margaret in Wiltshire. His fortune, however, came from moneylending, during the reign of Henry III.

John Eatwell, Baron Eatwell (1945 – )

Economy[edit]

Up until the early 20th century, employment mainly consisted of agriculture, brewing and shopkeeping. Vickers built the factory and airfield which built and serviced aircraft up to 1950's and during the war produced Spitfires and miniature submarines. There was a Bacon Factory where Greenbridge is now. Pressed Steel built their car plant in 1955 now owned by BMW and builds parts for the Mini. Honda bought the Vickers Airfield site and now produce their European models from here. In 2010 DHL opened a large distribution centre next to A419.

Current status[edit]

In 2010 and 2011 the parish managed to reduce its precept (Tax raised by Parishes to fund local community projects and services) while still maintaining all its local community services, allotments, cemeteries, leisure centre, community centre, eight recreation grounds and four open spaces.

2011 Delamere Drive Recreation Ground was updated after consultation with local residents and children; and Street Billiards{new style ball game} was added to Greenbridge MUGGA.{MUGGA = Small fenced off ball play area} The Stratton Centre run by the council raised about £1,500 for 'Children in Need'.

2012 Parish reduces its precept by 4.23%, this is a reduction of £7 since 2010. The programme of bulb planting with local schools and tree planting with Wiltshire Community Forests continued. A new play area has been installed at Coleview. Stratton hosted the final of the 2012 Olympic games football tournament on the astro at Ruskin Junior School. 150,000 people saw Team GB beat Brazil 37-0, making it the best attended Olympic event in history. The Queens Diamond Jubilee was celebrated by an inter-schools 'Its-A-Knockout' competition hosted by the parish and all under 11 school children received a Diamond Jubilee Mug. The Christmas Extravaganza was attended by 1,300 residents to see the Christmas light switch-on by the Geni from Aladdin panto, Carols sung by local schoolchildren, Father Xmas and his reindeer.

2013 Parish's greatest challenge yet as Swindon Borough decide not to pass on Council Tax Support Scheme monies from Central Government even though they have a moral obligation to do so. Even though this will cost the Parish around £86k equivalent to a 10% cut the parish is only to increase its precept by 2.5% or 5p a week. The Parish's next major projects are to install a War Memorial before the 100th Anniversary of start of WWI, and an All weather pitch at Stratton Community centre. This year will also see the return of the 'Stratton Festival' in July with support from local businesses, churches, clubs and schools.

2014 Grange Leisure Centre refurbishment completed in mid February, New 40 station Gym in Old squash Counts, Main Hall has New floor, roof and decoration, Bar has its own separate entrance, Entrance now includes a Cafe and the Parish Offices have been relocated to the old Gym Area. Even in the present climate the Parish has managed to keep its Precept the same. This year the main challenges will be the installation of the Peace Memorial by 4 August and to get the areas being passed over from the Borough up to scratch. After the great success of the Festival last year it has been decided to make this an Annual event.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: Swindon (Unitary Authority)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Extract from Local Newspaper, no date on cutting - Stratton St. Margaret - Crocodile Legend 1856-1901.pdf". Wiltshire OPC Project. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]