Strausberg

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Strausberg
Panoramic view from Straussee lake
Panoramic view from Straussee lake
Coat of arms of Strausberg
Coat of arms
Strausberg is located in Germany
Strausberg
Strausberg
Coordinates: 52°35′00″N 13°53′00″E / 52.58333°N 13.88333°E / 52.58333; 13.88333Coordinates: 52°35′00″N 13°53′00″E / 52.58333°N 13.88333°E / 52.58333; 13.88333
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Märkisch-Oderland
Government
 • Mayor Elke Stadeler ([1])
Area
 • Total 67.86 km2 (26.20 sq mi)
Elevation 94 m (308 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[2]
 • Total 25,594
 • Density 380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15344
Dialling codes 03341
Vehicle registration MOL, FRW, SEE, SRB
Website Stadt Strausberg

Strausberg is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, located 30 km east of Berlin. With a population of 25,594 it is the largest town in the district of Märkisch-Oderland.

History[edit]

Strausberg was founded around 1240 and in 1333 its first town hall was built. Today an historic defensive wall borders the old town. In the 19th century industrialization took place and the town developed a local labour movement, including union structures and a local branch of both the Social Democratic and the Communist Party of Germany.[3] After 1945, the town became part of East Germany. Strausberg was the administrative seat of the Strausberg district until a 1993 merger with Bad Freienwalde and Seelow formed "Märkisch-Oderland" with Seelow becoming the new administrative seat of the district.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Strausberg is 30 km east of Berlin (from the district of Marzahn-Hellersdorf) and 30 km to the west of Kostrzyn, at the Polish border. It is part of Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region and a middle center (Mittelzentrum) of it. Its bordering municipalities are, listed in a clockwise sense starting from north, Altlandsberg, Oberbarnim, Buckow, Garzau-Garzin, Rehfelde, Rüdersdorf and Petershagen-Eggersdorf.

Subdivision[edit]

The town is divided into nine boroughs (Gebiet): Fasanenpark, Gartenstadt, Hegermühle, Neue Mühle, Postbruch, Schillerhöhe (with the Spitzmühle), Strausberg Nord, Strausberg Stadt and Vorstadt. The municipality has three hamlets (Ortsteile):

Demographics[edit]

After an increase of population since the Second World War, Strausberg has stopped its "growth" remaining at almost 26,000 inhabitants in last one, with a little decrease in early years of 2000. Forecasts, however, show a considerable decline within the next two decades. Details see sources of the following graphics.

Strausberg:
Population development within the current boundaries
[5]
Year Population
1875 5 880
1890 7 042
1910 8 568
1925 9 686
1933 10 764
1939 12 140
1946 10 154
1950 11 040
1964 18 168
1971 19 905
Year Population
1981 24 917
1985 27 531
1989 28 919
1990 28 977
1991 28 541
1992 28 464
1993 27 987
1994 27 434
1995 27 312
1996 26 864
Year Population
1997 26 616
1998 26 455
1999 26 370
2000 26 221
2001 26 512
2002 26 629
2003 26 644
2004 26 593
2005 26 533
2006 26 402
Year Population
2007 26 347
2008 26 229
2009 26 221
2010 26 206
2011 25 611
2012 25 594

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[6]

Tourism[edit]

"Altstadt", the old town

Strausberg covers an area of 68 km2. Over 750 years old, it has a population of approx. 26,300 (the largest in its district). There are over 1500 businesses and 100 km of footpath. It is known as "Die grüne Stadt am See" (the green town by the lake). Strausberg's forest and lakes are attractive, family friendly, and great for sporting. Its biggest lake is the "Straussee", located between the town and the biggest forest, the "Strausberger Wald". The forest and water protection nurtures a unique environment.

Transport[edit]

The town is served by Strausberg railway station, situated some 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the south of the city, which is on the Berlin S-Bahn Line 5 and Deutsche Bahn's Berlin Lichtenberg - Kostrzyn service. There are three other stops on the S5 line within the city, these being Strausberg Hegermühle, Strausberg Stadt and Strausberg Nord.

Strausberg is also served by the Strausberg Railway (Strausberger Eisenbahn), a light rail line with 9 stops, which connects the main railway station to the centre of town. Besides the main railway station, the other 8 stops are: Landhausstraße, Schlagmühle, Stadtwald, Hegermühle, Wolfstal, Käthe-Kollwitz-Straße, Elisabethstraße and Lustgarten, the northern terminus. The Strausberg Railway also operates the Straussee Ferry (Strausseefähre), an unusual electrically operated passenger cable ferry across the Straussee.

The town has also a small aerodrome ("Flugplatz Strausberg", ICAO : EDAY),[7] opened in 1927, with a runway of 1.200 m × 28 m, and situated 2 kilometers in the east of town center.

Sport[edit]

The local football representative is the FC Strausberg, competing in "Verbandsliga Brandenburg". Home games of FCS are played at the "Energiearena" stadium.

Photogallery[edit]

Partnerships[edit]

Tram 22 at southern terminus "Vorstadt"
Aerodrome

Twin towns

Other kind of twinnages

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Independent of PDS + SPD group
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2012 (XLS-Datei; 83 KB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 31 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Horst Klein: Zur Geschichte der Ortsgruppe der KPD Strausberg 1920 bis 1946 (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. I/2002; and Horst Klein: 110 Jahre organisierte Arbeiterbewegung - 1887–1997 Sozialdemokraten in Strausberg (Thesen), in: Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, No. II/2003.
  4. ^ a b c (German) Infos about inhabitants as of 31-12-2007
  5. ^ Boundaries as of 2013
  6. ^ Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  7. ^ (German) Infos on strausberger aerodrome's official site
  8. ^ "Federal Defence", BW at the location of Strausberg

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]