Streamliner cars (rail)

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The streamliners are a class of streamlined railway cars built in the 1940s through the 1950s for long distance passenger railservices in North America.

Predecessors[edit]

The Pioneer Zephyr
Vista Dome car
Dome observation car

The first streamliner in the United States was the M-10000 in service with the Union Pacific Railroad in February 1934. The second was the Pioneer Zephyr in service with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Both were built as Diesel Multiple-Units; the M-10000 was made of aluminum and the Pioneer Zephyr of stainless steel.

Modernization[edit]

In 1944 American Car and Foundry (ACF) was visited by the Spanish inventor Goicoechea looking for a manufacturer for his invention, the lightweight articulated streamlined Talgo. ACF and Goicoechea signed the contract on December 8, 1945 and ACF began fabricating three trainsets, two for Spain and one for demonstration and experimental purposes in the USA. ACF built the Talgo using a lightmetal body like Budd's Pioneer Zephyr including the non-European observation cars at the rear. It wasn't until 1955 that ACF could sell the Talgo concept but ACF got familiar with the techniques needed.[1] After the Second World War the railroad companies in the United States wanted to modernize their fleets of passenger cars. They chose the flexibility of individual cars instead of multiple-units or Talgo. However the design of the streamlined cars was derived from the Pioneer Zephyr, although the Pullman cars got a smooth body surface and the others the typical ribbed body surface. The streamliner cars were built by three manufacturers of railway stock, the Budd Company, the Pullman Company, and American Car and Foundry in ten different types:

In operation[edit]

One of the most notable trains equipped with Streamlined cars was the California Zephyr jointly operated by Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q), Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad (D&RGW) and Western Pacific Railroad (WP). Other US railroads followed and by 1955 the Canadian National Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway also operated trains, e.g. The Canadian, with Streamlined cars.

Operator Service(s) introduced
Atlantic Coast Line Champion
Baltimore and Ohio Columbian 1949
Burlington Route California Zephyr 1949
Great Northern Empire Builder
L & N Gulf Wind 1949
Missouri Pacific Texas Eagle
New York Central 20th Century Limited
Northern Pacific North Coast Limited
Rio Grande California Zephyr 1949
Santa Fe Super Chief
Seaboard Silver Meteor
Southern Pacific Coast Daylight
Western Pacific California Zephyr 1949
Canadian National Super Continental 1955
Canadian Pacific The Canadian 1955

In 1971 Amtrak received 1200 streamliner cars as heritage-fleet from the US railroads. After refurbishment the cars were used until the 1990s, with some cars, chiefly baggage and dining cars, still used today. The Canadian Via Rail still operates trains with streamlined cars.

References[edit]

  1. ^ M. Galán Eruste, De un sueño a la alta velocidad, Las Matas 2010, ISBN 978-84-932861-8-7
  2. ^ "NHRS Bulletin summer 2006".