Streatham (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Streatham in Greater London.
|Electorate||71,913 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Chuka Umunna (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Election results
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
Streatham is a long constituency running down the western side of the London Borough of Lambeth. The town of Streatham constitutes only the four wards in the southern half of the constituency. At its north-western tip it includes half of Clapham Common, while in the north-east it takes in part of the district of Brixton which is also split between neighbouring Vauxhall and Dulwich and West Norwood.
Parliament approved Boundary Commission-suggested changes to the boundaries. The main changes - that took effect from the 2010 election - were to move two eastern areas into Dulwich and West Norwood: streets south of Coldharbour Lane and east of Effra Road; and areas north and east of the Tulse Hill, Tavern Road junction. The wards now comprising the seat are:
- Brixton Hill, Clapham Common, St Leonard's, Streatham Hill, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, Thornton and Tulse Hill in the London Borough of Lambeth.
The northern boundary follows Clapham Park Road, Acre Lane, and Coldharbour Lane through Clapham and Brixton to Lambeth Town Hall. The north-eastern boundary generally follows Effra Road and Tulse Hill, but runs east of the main road to include the part of the Tulse Hill estate and the Cressingham Gardens estate west of Brockwell Park. The boundary skirts the Tulse Hill district centre, following Hardel Rise, Christchurch Road and Norwood Road, and then runs along Leigham Vale and Leigham Court Road. The southern and western constituency boundaries follow Lambeth's borough boundaries with Croydon, Merton and Wandsworth.
The constituency of Streatham was contested under the name at the 1918 general election, and approximately followed the historic parish boundaries of Streatham, including a substantial part of Balham.
The constituency was carved out of the former constituency of Wandsworth. The rest of the Wandsworth constituency was divided into Putney, Wandsworth Central and Balham and Tooting under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the fourth major UK reform, that for the first time led to single member constituencies, and roughly equal electorates.
The 1918 boundaries remained unchanged until the 1965 changes to Greater London local government were eventually reflected in the constituency boundaries fought at the February 1974 general election. This resulted in a net reduction in the size of the Streatham constituency. The western districts which were now in the London Borough of Wandsworth were divided between two new constituencies: the Balham wards became part of Battersea South while Streatham Park (location of the Streatham Conservative Club) and the remainder of Furzedown ward went into Tooting.
The rest of the constituency, including the town of Streatham was now in the London Borough of Lambeth, and Streatham became one of four Borough constituency divisions of Lambeth, along with 'Vauxhall', 'Norwood' and 'Lambeth Central'. The Clapham constituency was abolished as part of the 1974 changes. The Clapham Park area and Hyde Farm (commonly thought of as part of Balham) came into the Streatham seat, whereas the rest of Clapham went into the Vauxhall seat - a split which continues to the present.
With the abolition of Lambeth Central at the 1983 election, the constituency gained much of southern Brixton. Following further population decline, Lambeth was paired with Southwark in the next boundary review, and from the 1997 election, Streatham constituency gained areas around Tulse Hill from the former Norwood constituency, the rest of which became part of Dulwich and West Norwood.
- Political history
Having lost Streatham in 1992, the Conservatives were beaten into third place by a Liberal Democrat in 2001, and there were swings from Labour to the Liberal Democrats at the two subsequent general elections with only a marginal improvement in the Conservative share of the vote in 2010, when the Labour incumbent, Keith Hill, retired.
In all its forms, the Streatham Constituency was represented by the Conservatives from 1918 until 1992.
Once a byword for solidly Tory suburbia - the seat was so safe that the Conservatives still won it when Labour gained large majorities such as in 1945 and 1966 - Streatham has swung heavily against the Conservative Party since the 1980s, even more than other similar seats in South London (such as Croydon North, Dulwich, Lewisham East and West). In effect, demographic and voting pattern changes combined with unfavourable boundary changes to turn Streatham first into a marginal, then into a safe Labour seat. If the swing in general elections trend continues, but not those seen in local elections, the seat would become marginal between Labour and the Liberal Democrats.
Today much of the seat would be better described as 'inner London' rather than 'suburban'. In many areas, the large Victorian houses have been either demolished or converted into far smaller flats, though there are still pockets of significant affluence in the seat, especially in the areas around Tooting Bec Common and close to Clapham Common.
The high street from Brixton to Streatham has become a leisure hub for South London, with restaurants, cinemas, music venues and an ice rink attracting visitors from, for example, Tooting, Norbury and Mitcham.
The seat has a substantial black population, particularly in the wards near Brixton, as well as significant numbers of Asian voters.
Members of Parliament
|1918||Sir[n 3] William Lane-Mitchell||Coalition Conservative||Sat as a Unionist|
|1939 by-election||Sir David Robertson||Conservative||Uncontested wartime by-election caused by Lane-Mitchell's resignation|
|1950||Duncan Sandys (after, Lord Duncan-Sandys)||Conservative||Secretary of State for Defence (1957-9), Commonwealth Relations (1960-2), and Colonies (1962-4).|
|1974||Sir William Shelton||Conservative|
|1992||Keith Hill||Labour||First Labour MP to represent the constituency|
|2010||Chuka Umunna||Labour||First Streatham MP to represent the constituency she/he grew up in. Shadow Business Secretary since October 2011.|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Streatham|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Nicholson||16,778||35.8||+6.3|
|English Democrats||Janus Polenceus||229||0.5||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Paul Lepper||117||0.2||−0.1|
NB Percentage comparions in the table above are against the notional result on the new constituency boundaries.
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Streatham|
|Liberal Democrat||Darren Sanders||11,484||28.3||+10.0|
|Workers Revolutionary||Billy Colvill||127||0.3||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Streatham|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger O'Brien||6,771||18.1||+4.6|
|Socialist Alliance||Greg Tucker||906||2.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Streatham|
|Conservative||E. G. Noad||9,758||21.7||−16.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger O'Brien||6,082||13.6||+3.6|
|Referendum Party||J. J. Wall||864||1.9||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Streatham|
|Conservative||Sir William Shelton||16,608||41.3|
|Liberal Democrat||M. J. Pindar||3,858||9.6|
|Green||R. C. L. Baker||443||1.1|
|Islamic Party||A. Hakin||154||0.4|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Cynthia Payne||145||0.4|
|Natural Law||J. V. Parsons||97||0.2|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||5.75%|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Streatham|
|Labour||Mrs. E. A. Tapsall||16,509||39.2|
|Liberal||Michael William Tuffrey||6,663||15.8|
|General Election 1983: Streatham|
|Labour||Miss M. M. Long||12,362||31.5|
|Liberal||Peter H. Billenness||8,321||21.2|
|National Front||K. D. Handy||321||0.8|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Streatham|
|Labour||T. P. C. Daniel||14,130||37.02|
|Liberal||J. S. Pincham||3,779||9.9|
|National Front||G. W. Bryant||523||1.37|
|Providers Through Care||A. J. Hollander||102||0.27|
|General Election October 1974: Streatham|
|National Front||T. Lamb||817||2.26|
|Independent||Miss T. E. Moore||210||0.58|
|General Election February 1974: Streatham|
|National Front||T. Lamb||937||2.29|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Streatham|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys||19,872||54.63|
|Labour||J. L. Walker||16,505||45.37|
|General Election 1964: Streatham|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys||19,408||52.10|
|Independent Loyalists||W.A. Brooks||497||1.33|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Streatham|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys||23,479||59.76|
|General Election 1955: Streatham|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys||25,862||65.55|
|General Election 1951: Streatham|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys||27,084||59.91|
|General Election 1950: Streatham|
|Conservative||Rt Hon. Duncan Edwin Sandys||26,571||57.30|
Election in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Streatham|
|Conservative||Sir David Robertson||17,462||52.23|
Elections in the 1930s
|Streatham by-election 1939|
|Conservative||Sir David Robertson||Unopposed|
|General Election 1935: Streatham|
|Conservative||Sir William Lane-Mitchell||25,429||76.18|
|General Election 1931: Streatham|
|Conservative||Sir William Lane-Mitchell||30,358||85.03|
|Labour||Mrs. R.B. Fraser||5,343||14.97|
|Election results are missing from this article.|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications 1972
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". Schedule of Constituencies. Boundary Commission for England. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- 2001 Census
- Chuka Umunna, Huffington Post UK, London, 10 July 2011.Retrieved 12 September 2011
- About Chuka, Chuka Umunna's official website, Undated.Retrieved 12 September 2011
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]