Streblidae

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Streblidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Section: Schizophora
Superfamily: Hippoboscoidea
Family: Streblidae (but see text)
Kolenati, 1863
Subfamilies

but see text

Streblidae are flies in the superfamily Hippoboscoidea, and together with their relatives the Nycteribiidae are known as "bat flies". They are winged or wingless ectoparasites of bats, and often have long legs. They appear to be host-specific, with different species of bat flies occurring only on particular species of bat hosts, sometimes with multiple species of flies sharing a host bat.

Systematics[edit]

The 237 or so species are divided among roughly 33 genera and 5 subfamilies. The monophyly of this family has not been supported. The streblid subfamily Trichobiinae may be more closely related to Nycteriboscinae and other lineages in the Nycteribiidae Several authors favor splitting the family into an Old World lineage consisting of Ascodipterinae and Nycteriboscinae and a New World lineage containing all other subfamilies. The former would be named Ascodipterinae and the latter would retain the name Streblidae. Alternatively, Streblidae and Nycteribiidae might be united as a monophyletic family containing all bat flies.[1]

Subfamilies are here listed in presumed order of most ancient to most recently evolved. Selected genera are also given, sorted alphabetically as too little is known about their interrelationships.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Petersen, Frederik Torp; Meier, Rudolf; Kutty, Sujatha Narayanan & Wiegmann, Brian M. (2007). "The phylogeny and evolution of host choice in the Hippoboscoidea (Diptera) as reconstructed using four molecular markers.". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (The Netherlands: Elsevier) 45 (1): 111–122. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.04.023. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 17583536. 
  2. ^ Gustavo Graciolli, Carl W. Dick (22 October 2008). Checklist of World Streblidae (DIPTERA: HIPPOBOSCOIDEA) (pdf). The Field Museum. p. 7. Retrieved 18 September 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dick, C.W. & Gettinger, D. (2005): A faunal survey of streblid flies (Diptera: Streblidae) associated with bats in Paraguay. Journal of Parasitology 91(5): 1015-1024. doi:10.1645/GE-536R.1 PDF fulltext
  • Fritz, G.N. (1983): Biology and ecology of bat flies (Diptera: Streblidae) on bats in the genus Carollia. Journal of Medical Entomology 20(1): 1-10. PMID 6827567
  • Gannon, M.R. & Willig, M.R. (1995): Ecology of ectoparasites from tropical bats. Environmental Entomology 24(6): 1495−1503. PDF fulltext
  • Komeno, C.A. & Linhares, A.X. (1999): Batflies parasitic on some phyllostomid bats in southeastern Brazil: parasitism rates and host-parasite relationships. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 94(2): 151-156. doi:10.1590/S0074-02761999000200004 PDF fulltext
  • Patterson, B.D.; Ballard, J.W. & Wenzel, R.L. (1998): Distributional evidence for cospeciation between Neotropical bats and their bat fly ectoparasites. Studies of Neotropical Fauna and Environment 33(2): 76−84. doi:10.1076/snfe.33.2.76.2152 PDF fulltext
  • Wenzel, R.L. (1976): The Streblid batflies of Venezuela (Diptera:Streblidae). Brigham Young University Science Bulletin (Biological Series) 20(4): 1−177.
  • Wenzel, R.L. & Tipton, V.J. (eds.) (1966): Ectoparasites of Panama. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois, USA.