Streets of Philadelphia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Streets of Philadelphia"
Single by Bruce Springsteen
from the album Philadelphia soundtrack
B-side "If I Should Fall Behind"
Released February 2, 1994
Format
Recorded July–August 1993
Genre
Length 3:15 (single edit)
4:17 (soundtrack version)
Label Columbia
Writer(s) Bruce Springsteen[1]
Producer(s)
Certification Gold (RIAA)
Bruce Springsteen singles chronology
"Lucky Town"
(1993)
"Streets of Philadelphia"
(1994)
"Secret Garden"
(1995)
Music sample

"Streets of Philadelphia" is a song written and performed by American rock musician Bruce Springsteen for the film Philadelphia (1993), an early mainstream film dealing with HIV/AIDS.[2] Released in 1994, the song was a hit in many countries, particularly Canada, France, Germany, Ireland and Norway, where it topped the singles charts.

The song was a critical triumph and went on to win the Academy Award for Best Original Song[1] and four Grammy Awards, including Song of the Year, Best Rock Song, Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo, and Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television. In 2004 it finished at #68 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema.

History[edit]

In early 1993, Philadelphia director Jonathan Demme asked Springsteen to write a song for the in-progress film, and in June, after the conclusion of the "Other Band" Tour, Springsteen did so. It was recorded with Springsteen supplying almost all of the instrumentation, with bass and background vocals from "Other Band" member Tommy Sims. Additional saxophone and vocal parts by Ornette Coleman and "Little" Jimmy Scott, respectively, were recorded but never used—although those elements are used in a brief scene in the film when Tom Hanks exits Denzel Washington's office. Released in early 1994 as the main single from the film's original soundtrack, it became a huge success for Springsteen all over Europe and North America.

"Streets of Philadelphia" achieved greater popularity in Europe than in the United States. While it peaked at number nine on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, it became a number-one single in Germany, France and Austria. It peaked at number two in the United Kingdom,[1] becoming Springsteen's highest charting hit in that country, and number four in Australia. As of 2012, "Streets of Philadelphia" ranks as his most recent top ten hit. The song was included on the album All Time Greatest Movie Songs, released by Sony in 1999.

Music video[edit]

The music video for the song, directed by Jonathan Demme and his nephew Ted Demme, begins by showing Springsteen walking along desolate city streets, followed by a bustling park and schoolyard, interspersed with footage from the film. After a quick shot of Rittenhouse Square, it ends with Springsteen walking along the Delaware River, with the Benjamin Franklin Bridge in the background. Tom Hanks is also visible as the lead character he plays in the film, looking on as Bruce begins the final verse.

The vocal track for the video was recorded live during the shooting, using a hidden microphone, to a pre-recorded instrumental track. This was a technique, appropriate for emotionally intense songs for which conventional video lip-syncing would seem especially false, that John Mellencamp pioneered in his 1985 "Rain on the Scarecrow" video, and that Springsteen himself had used on his 1987 "Brilliant Disguise" video. Springsteen would go on to use the same technique in his "Lonesome Day" video in 2002.[citation needed]

Live performance history[edit]

Because of the song's sterling achievements in the awards world, Springsteen played the song live in three high-visibility, prime-time awards show broadcasts: at the 66th Academy Awards in March 1994, at the MTV Video Music Awards in September 1994, and at the Grammy Awards of 1995 in March 1995. Between this, Philadelphia's strong box office performance, and the single being a Top 10 pop hit, "Streets of Philadelphia" became one of Springsteen's best-known songs to the general music audience.

Nonetheless, Springsteen went on to perform the song only sparingly in his own concerts. In solo guitar form and missing the song's trademark synthesizers-and-drums feel, it was performed semi-regularly on the solo and stark 1995-1997 Ghost of Tom Joad Tour. After that, the song became a rarity, only appearing a dozen times on the 1999-2000 E Street Band Reunion Tour, and, as of September 2006, only a couple of times across the three tours after that.

Cover versions[edit]

The song has been covered live by Melissa Etheridge and David Gray. Recorded covers have been released by Ray Conniff (on his 1997 album, I Love Movies), Casiotone for the Painfully Alone, Marah, Liv Kristine, Molly Johnson, Bettye Lavette, SALEM, Gregorian and I Muvrini with Anggun. Philadelphia rappers, Cassidy & the Larsiny Family have made a cover of this song on the Put Ya L in the Sky mixtape, in an effort to stop crime in the city. French artist Patrick Bruel covered the song, translating the lyrics into French while retaining the music.

In 2010, the French string quartet Quatuor Ébène recorded a version on their album Fiction, with drummer Richard Héry, sung by the quartet's violist Mathieu Herzog.

The song is also covered by The Fray on their album Scars and Stories, released in 2012.

In 2011, the German group Gregorian released a Gregorian chant version of the song in their album Masters of Chant Chapter VIII.

Also in 2011 Idols South Africa season seven winner Dave van Vuuren performed the song on the show and recorded it on his album "Free the Animals". [3]

In 2009, it was covered by Luis Eduardo Aute in Catalonian as "Els carrers de Filadèlfia", for the CD of TV3's telethon La Marató.[4]

In February 2013 Sir Elton John performed the song at the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences tribute concert honoring Bruce Springsteen as the 2013 MusiCares Person of the Year.[5]

Awards won[edit]

Track listings[edit]

The B-sides were selected from the previous year's live album In Concert/MTV Plugged.

Charts and sales[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 137. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  2. ^ King, Alex P. (2004). Hit-parade — 20 ans de tubes (in French). Paris: Pascal. p. 341. ISBN 2-35019-009-9. 
  3. ^ http://www.musica.co.za/cd/id/6009143495036/David_Van-Vuuren-Free_The_Animals Retrieved 4 February 2014
  4. ^ El disc de la Marató de TV3 - Televisió de Catalunya
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Australian singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  7. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Austrian singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  8. ^ Belgian peak
  9. ^ Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4: Suuri suomalainen listakirja (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 951-31-2503-3. 
  10. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" French singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  11. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" No-1-Charts-Archive (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  12. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Irish singles chart (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  13. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Hit parade Italia (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  14. ^ a b "Single top 100 over 1994" (pdf) (in Dutch). Top40. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  15. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" New Zealand singles chart history (Retrieved April 17, 2010)
  16. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Norwegian singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  17. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Swedish singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  18. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" Swiss singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  19. ^ "Streets of Philadelphia" UK singles chart history (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  20. ^ a b c d Bruce Springsteen chart history at Allmusic (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  21. ^ "1994 Australian Singles Chart". aria. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  22. ^ "1994 Austrian Singles Chart" (in German). Austriancharts. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  23. ^ "1994 French Singles Chart" (in French). Disqueenfrance. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  24. ^ "1994 Swiss Singles Chart" (in German). Swisscharts. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  25. ^ "Billboard Top 100 - 1994". Retrieved 2010-08-27. 
  26. ^ Austrian certifications ifpi.at (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  27. ^ French certifications Disqueenfrance.com (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  28. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank ('Streets+of+Philadelphia')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved January 19, 2009. 
  29. ^ Norwegian certifications Ifpi.no (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  30. ^ UK certifications Bpi.co.uk (Retrieved January 19, 2009)
  31. ^ U.S. certifications riaa.com (Retrieved January 19, 2009)

External links[edit]