Eng, Belk & Eriksen, 1990
Streptocephalus woottoni, with the common name Riverside fairy shrimp, is a rare species of crustacean in the family Streptocephalidae. It is native to Southern California in the United States, and northern Baja California in Northeast Mexico.
This fairy shrimp, Streptocephalus woottoni, lives in vernal pools or other seasonal pools at least 30 centimeters in depth, and can be observed in January through March. It feeds on microscopic organisms such as bacteria and protozoa. The eggs are cysts that can tolerate drying and persist in the soil through the dry seasons until pools are formed by rainwater. The shrimp then hatches and completes its life cycle in 7 or 8 weeks.
This organism can only be found in: five locations in southern California in Riverside County and San Diego County; and two in northern Baja California. Some known population occurrences have been extirpated, including the type locality in Murrieta, in the Peninsular Ranges foothills. The shrimp is threatened by the loss, degradation, and fragmentation of its habitat.
Streptocephalus woottoni is a federally listed endangered species of the United States. In December 2012, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service identified 1,724 acres of critical habitat of the shrimp.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Streptocephalus woottoni.|
- USFWS. Streptocephalus woottoni Five-year Review. September 2008.
- "Fish and Wildlife Service Identifies Habitat for Endangered Riverside Fairy Shrimp". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. December 3, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
- Inland Water Crustacean Specialist Group (1996). "Streptocephalus woottoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
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