Arbique et al. 2004
Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae is a gram-positive coccus that may cause pneumonia in humans. It was first described in 2004. The organism is often mistaken for S. pneumoniae and its clinical importance is as yet uncertain. It seems likely that most cases of S. pseudopneumoniae pneumonia are misdiagnosed as S. pneumoniae.
The bacterium has a number of features that allows it to be distinguished from S. pneumoniae:
- There is no pneumococcal capsule (and is therefore not typable).
- It is not soluble in bile.
- It is sensitive to optochin when incubated in ambient air, but appears resistant or to have indeterminate susceptibility when incubated in 5% carbon dioxide.
- Commercial DNA probe hybridization tests (e.g., AccuProbe Streptococcus pneumoniae culture identification test; Gen-Probe, San Diego, CA) are falsely positive.
- Arbique JC, Poyart C, Trieu-Cuot P, et al. (2004). "Accuracy of phenotypic and genotypic testing for identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae and description of Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae sp. nov.". J Clin Microbiol 42 (10): 4686–4696. doi:10.1128/JCM.42.10.4686-4696.2004.
- Keith ER, Podmore RG, Anderson TP, Murdoch DR (2006). "Characteristics of Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae isolated from purulent sputum samples". J Clin Microbiol 44 (3): 923–927. doi:10.1128/JCM.44.3.923-927.2006.
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