Streptomyces avermitilis

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Streptomyces avermitilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Class: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Family: Streptomycetaceae
Genus: Streptomyces
Species: S. avermitilis
Binomial name
Streptomyces avermitilis
(ex Burg[1] et al. 1979) Kim and Goodfellow 2002[2]

Streptomyces avermitilis MA-4680


Streptomyces avermectinius Takahashi et al. 2002[3]

Streptomyces avermitilis is a bacterium species in the genus Streptomyces.

The first complete genome sequence of S. avermitilis was completed in 2003.[4] This genome forms a chromosome with a linear structure, unlike most bacterial genomes, which exist in the form of circular chromosomes.[5]

S. avermitilis is responsible for the production avermectins,[1] of which one of the most widely employed drugs against nematode and arthropod infestations is ivermectin, as well as abamectin, a widely used insecticide and anthelmintic.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Burg, R. W.; Miller, B. M.; Baker, E. E.; Birnbaum, J.; Currie, S. A.; Hartman, R.; Kong, Y. L.; Monaghan, R. L.; Olson, G.; Putter, I.; Tunac, J. B.; Wallick, H.; Stapley, E. O.; Oiwa, R.; Omura, S. (1979). "Avermectins, new family of potent anthelmintic agents: Producing organism and fermentation". Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 15 (3): 361–367. doi:10.1128/AAC.15.3.361. PMC 352666. PMID 464561.  edit
  2. ^ Kim, S. B.; Goodfellow, M. (2002). "Streptomyces avermitilis sp. nov., nom. Rev., a taxonomic home for the avermectin-producing streptomycetes". International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 52 (Pt 6): 2011–2014. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02265-0. PMID 12508861.  edit
  3. ^ Takahashi, Y.; Matsumoto, A.; Seino, A.; Ueno, J.; Iwai, Y.; Omura, S. (2002). "Streptomyces avermectinius sp. nov., an avermectin-producing strain". International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 52 (Pt 6): 2163–2168. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02237-0. PMID 12508884.  edit
  4. ^ Ikeda H; Ishikawa J; Hanamoto A; Shinose M; Kikuchi H; Shiba T; Sakaki Y; Hattori M; Omura S (2003). "Complete genome sequence and comparative analysis of the industrial microorganism Streptomyces avermitilis". Nat. Biotechnol. 21 (5): 526–531. doi:10.1038/nbt820. PMID 12692562. 
  5. ^ Paul Dyson (1 January 2011). Streptomyces: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology. Horizon Scientific Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-904455-77-6. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Streptomyces avermitilis at National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)