Stretford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stretford
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Greater Manchester
19501997
Number of members One
Replaced by Stretford and Urmston, Manchester Central
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency

Stretford was a parliamentary constituency in North West England, which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1997 general election. The constituency was centred on the town of Stretford and originally included an area to the south west of the city of Manchester. The boundaries changed considerably over its existence, at times extending east to include parts of the city itself and at other times including the towns of Irlam and Urmston to the west.

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

The Stretford Division of the County of Lancashire was formed by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The constituency consisted of a number of civil parishes and townships to the south and south-east of the city of Manchester and north-east of the borough of Stockport:[1]

An extension of the boundaries of Manchester meant that Rusholme became part of the city later in 1885. A further enlargement saw Burnage, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Didsbury and Withington included in Manchester in 1904. Similarly, the County Borough of Stockport was enlarged to include Reddish in 1901 and Heaton Norris in 1913.[2] These local government boundary changes did not effect the constituency until the next parliamentary redistribution in 1918.

1918–1950[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised constituencies throughout the United Kingdom. A new Stretford Division of Lancashire was formed. The areas in Manchester and Stockport passed to the Manchester Rusholme, Manchester Withington and Stockport constiuencies.[2] The new Stretford constituency included areas further to the west and was defined as consisting of the following local government units of the administrative county of Lancashire:[3]

1950–1983[edit]

For the 1950 general election, a new Stretford borough constituency was created. The constituency comprised the Municipal Borough of Stretford (successor to the urban district) and the urban district of Urmston.[4] The Astley area passed to the Leigh borough constituency and Clifton to the Farnworth county constituency.[2]

1983–1997[edit]

Constituencies were redrawn for the 1983 general election to reflect the changes in local government in 1974. A new Stretford borough constituency, part of the Greater Manchester parliamentary county, was formed. The new constituency consisted of two wards of the City of Manchester, and five wards from the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford. The Manchester wards were Moss Side and Whalley Range, and the Trafford wards were Clifford, Longford, Park, Stretford and Talbot. Urmston became part of the new constituency of Davyhulme.[5]

Abolition[edit]

The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995, with came into effect for the 1997 general election, abolished the Stretford constituency. The area was redistributed, with Moss Side and Whalley Range added to an enlarged Manchester Central seat. The remainder became part of the new Stretford and Urmston constituency.[6] The last MP for Stretford, Tony Lloyd, was subsequently elected as the Member of Parliament for Manchester Central.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1885 William Agnew Liberal
1886 Sir John William Maclure Unionist
1901 by-election Charles Cripps Unionist
1906 Harry Nuttall Liberal
1918 Thomas Robinson Liberal, then Constitutionalist, then Independent
1931 Gustav Adolph Renwick Conservative
1935 Anthony Crossley Conservative
1939 by-election Ralph Etherton Conservative
1945 Herschel Lewis Austin Labour
1950 Sir Samuel Storey Conservative
1966 Ernest Davies Labour
1970 Winston Churchill Conservative
1983 Tony Lloyd Labour
1997 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

General Election 1885: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Agnew 4,860 50.1 N/A
Conservative John William MacClure 4,676 49.9 N/A
Majority 184 1.9 N/A
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John William MacClure 4,676 54.2 +4.3
Liberal William Agnew 4,750 45.8 -4.1
Majority 739 8.4
Conservative gain from Liberal
General Election 1892: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John William MacClure 6,623 55.7 +1.5
Liberal William Agnew 5,278 44.3 -1.5
Majority 1,345 11.3 +2.9
Conservative hold
General Election 1895: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John William MacClure Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold
General Election 1900: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John William MacClure 7,591 60.6 N/A
Liberal Harry Nuttall 4,938 39.4 N/A
Majority 2,653 21.2 N/A
Conservative hold

Maclure died 28 January 1901.[9]

By-election 1901: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Cripps 7,088 55.0 -5.6
Liberal Franklin Thomasson 5,791 45.0 +5.6
Majority 1,297 10.1 -11.1
Conservative hold
General Election 1906: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Harry Nuttall 11,131 57.3 +12.3
Conservative Charles Cripps 8,307 42.7 -12.7
Majority 2,824 14.5 +24.6
Liberal gain from Conservative
General Election, January 1910: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Harry Nuttall 12,917 54.9 -2.4
Conservative A M Samuel 10,626 45.1 +2.4
Majority 2,921 12.4 -2.1
Liberal hold
General Election, December 1910: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Harry Nuttall 11,343 52.0 -2.9
Conservative A M Samuel 10,467 48.0 +2.9
Majority 876 4.0 -8.4
Liberal hold
General Election, 1918: Lancashire, Stretford Division[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Thomas Robinson 17,161 76.7 N/A
Labour Joseph Hallsworth 5,216 23.3 N/A
Majority 11,945 50.3 N/A
Coalition Liberal hold

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election, 1922: Lancashire, Stretford Division[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Sir Thomas Robinson 19,185 68.7 -8.0
Labour Alfred Hartley Turner 8,733 31.3 +8.0
Majority 10,452 37.4 -12.9
National Liberal hold
General Election, 1923: Lancashire, Stretford Division[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Thomas Robinson 15,971 58.2 -10.5
Labour John Corlett 11,451 41.8 +10.5
Majority 4,520 16.4 -21.0
Liberal hold
General Election, 1924: Lancashire, Stretford Division[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Constitutionalist Sir Thomas Robinson 20,826 64.4 +6.2
Labour J Robinson 11,520 35.6 -6.2
Majority 9,306 28.7 +12.3
Constitutionalist hold
General Election, 1929: Lancashire, Stretford Division
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Sir Thomas Robinson
Labour Frank Anderson
Majority 7,600
Independent hold
General Election, 1931: Lancashire, Stretford Division
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Major G A Renwick 39,002 75.3
Labour F Anderson 12,796 24.7
Majority 26,206 50.6
Conservative gain from Independent
General Election, 1935: Lancashire, Stretford Division[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative A C Crossley 34,874 64.4 -10.9
Labour T Myers 19,278 35.6 +10.9
Majority 15,596 28.7 -21.9
Conservative hold

Crossley died in an aeroplane crash off the coast of Denmark on 15 August 1939.[18]

By-election 1939: Lancashire South East, Stretford Division[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Etherton 23,408 79.8 +15.4
Ind. Labour Party Robert Edwards 4,424 15.1 N/A
Communist Eric Gower 1,514 5.1 N/A
Majority 18,984 64.7 +36.0
Conservative hold
General Election, 1945: Lancashire, Stretford Division[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Herschel Lewis Austin 35,715 54.8 N/A
Conservative Ralph Etherton 29,421 45.2 -34.6
Majority 6,294 9.7 N/A
Labour gain from Conservative
General Election, 1950: Stretford Borough Constituency[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Storey 30,678 48.6 +3.4
Labour Herschel Lewis Austin 25,075 39.7 -15.1
Liberal Stephen R Cawley 7,464 11.8 N/A
Majority 5,603 8.9
Conservative gain from Labour
General Election, 1951: Stretford Borough Constituency[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Storey 35,419 58.0 +9.4
Labour C Mapp 25,694 42.0 +0.3
Majority 9,725 15.9 +7.0
Conservative hold
General Election, 1955: Stretford Borough Constituency[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Storey 33,101 60.9 +2.9
Labour Frederick G. Barton 21,267 39.1 -2.9
Majority 11,834 21.8 +5.9
Conservative hold
General Election, 1959: Stretford Borough Constituency[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Storey 32,888 58.3 -2.6
Labour E Reid 23,538 41.7 +2.6
Majority 9,350 16.6 -5.2
Conservative hold
General Election, 1964: Stretford Borough Constituency[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Storey 22,004 40.0 -18.3
Labour E Cavanagh 20,080 36.5 -5.2
Liberal Michael Platt Winstanley 12,884 23.4 N/A
Majority 1,924 3.5 -11.1
Conservative hold
General Election, 1966: Stretford Borough Constituency[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour E A Davies 24,739 47.1 +10.6
Conservative Samuel Storey 21,374 40.7 +0.7
Liberal C L Jones 6,382 12.2 -11.2
Majority 3,365 6.4 +10.9
Labour gain from Conservative
General Election, 1970: Stretford Borough Constituency[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative W S Churchill 28,629 53.8 +13.1
Labour E A Davies 24,614 46.2 -0.9
Majority 4,015 7.6 +14
Conservative gain from Labour
General Election, February 1974: Stretford Borough Constituency[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative W S Churchill 23,630 42.3 -11.5
Labour K Anthony 19,641 35.2 -11.0
Liberal D I Wrigley 12,558 22.5 N/A
Majority 3,989 7.2 -0.4
Conservative hold
General Election, October 1974: Stretford Borough Constituency[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative W S Churchill 22,114 42.0 -0.3
Labour P N Scott 20,877 39.7 +4.4
Liberal D I Wrigley 9,629 18.3 -4.2
Majority 1,237 2.4 -4.8
Conservative hold
General Election, 1979: Stretford Borough Constituency[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative W S Churchill 25,972 48.3 +6.3
Labour P N Scott 21,466 39.9 +0.2
Liberal D I Wrigley 6,369 11.8 -6.5
Majority 4,506 8.4 +6.0
Conservative hold
General Election, 1983: Stretford Borough Constituency[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour A J Lloyd 18,028 44.8
Conservative Walter Sweeney 13,686 34.1
Social Democrat D Wilks 8,141 20.3
Independent Labour S A Ud-Din 336 0.8
Majority 4,342 10.8
Labour hold Swing

The sitting MP, Winston Churchill, moved to the newly created Davyhulme constituency

General Election, 1987: Stretford Borough Constituency[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour A J Lloyd 22,381 55.2 +10.4
Conservative D Dougherty 13,429 32.5 -1.6
Social Democrat D Lee 5,125 20.3 -1.7
Majority 9,402 22.7 +11.9
Labour hold
General Election, 1992: Stretford Borough Constituency[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour A J Lloyd 22,300 59.6 +4.4
Conservative J C B Rae 11,163 29.8 -2.7
Liberal Democrat F C Beswick 3,722 9.9 -10.4
Natural Law A Boynton 268 0.7 N/A
Majority 11,137 29.7 +7.0
Labour hold

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Seventh Schedule: Counties at Large, Number of Members and Names and Contents of Divisions Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (48 & 49 Vict. C.23)
  2. ^ a b c F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London, 1991
  3. ^ Ninth Schedule: Part II, Parliamentary counties: England, excluding Monmouthshire, Representation of the People Act 1918 (7 & 8 Geo. 5 C. 64)
  4. ^ First Schedule, Representation of the People Act 1948, (11 & 12 Geo. 6, C 65.)
  5. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995, (S.I. 1995 No. 1626)
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ a b c d e The General Election, The Times, 6 October 1900; p. 12
  9. ^ C. W. Sutton. "Maclure, Sir John William, first baronet (1835–1901)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  10. ^ Election Intelligence: Lancashire (Stretford Division) The Times, 27 February 1901, p. 10
  11. ^ The General Election, The Times, 19 January 1906, p. 10
  12. ^ Progress Of The General Election, The Times, 20 January 1910, p. 6
  13. ^ Progress Of The General Election, The Times, 10 December 1910, p. 7
  14. ^ a b The General Election, The Times, 16 November 1922, p. 6
  15. ^ The General Election, The Times, 7 December 1923, p. 6
  16. ^ The General Election, The Times, 30 October 1924, p. 6
  17. ^ The General Election, The Times, 15 November 1935 p.10
  18. ^ British Airways Liner Lost: M.P. Drowned With Four Others, Crash Off Danish Coast, 16 August 1939, p. 10
  19. ^ Unionist Victory at Stretford The Times, 11 December 1939, p. 5
  20. ^ "UK General Election results July 1945". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  21. ^ "UK General Election results February 1950". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  22. ^ "UK General Election results October 1951". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results May 1955". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  24. ^ "UK General Election results October 1959". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  25. ^ "UK General Election results October 1964". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  26. ^ "UK General Election results March 1966". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  27. ^ "UK General Election results 1970". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  28. ^ "UK General Election results, February 1974". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  29. ^ "UK General Election results, October 1974". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  30. ^ "UK General Election results, May 1979". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  31. ^ "UK General Election results, June 1983". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  32. ^ "UK General Election results, June 1987". Area Studies, UK: politics, elections and government in Britain. University of Keele. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  33. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.