String Sextet (Dvořák)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Antonín Dvořák´s String Sextet in A major Op. 48, (B. 80) for two violins, two violas and two cellos was composed for the most part in May 1878. It was Dvořák's first work to be premiered outside Bohemia.[1]

The period 1875-1879 was very important in Dvořák's life. The composer received government grants in that time, which enabled him to concentrate solely on composing. A sense of responsibility led him to hard and prolific work,[2] and one of the results of his activity was the String Sextet.

Dvořák's German publisher Simrock offered the work to his friend and collaborator Joseph Joachim (famous violinist and leader of a string quartet), and he together with other artists performed the work privately on 19 July 1879. The composer was present and was very enchanted by the performance. The next day he wrote to his friend Alois Göbl: "...Joachim waited with eagerness for my arrival and even organized a soirée for my sake. During the celebration they´ve played my new quartet and sextet. They played with great understanding and enthusiasm..."[3] Joachim and colleagues gave the public premiere of the work in Berlin on 9 November 1879.[4] A few months later they also performed it in London.

The composition was published by Fritz Simrock in 1879; the critical edition of the work was printed in 1957.[5]

Structure[edit]

The composition consists of four movements:

The work was composed at the same time as the Slavonic Rhapsodies (Op. 45) and Slavonic Dances (Op. 46). Written in similar style, it can also be called "Slavonic".[6] Two inner movements are partly stylisations of Dumka and partly of the folk Furiant. The first movement is written in the sonata form, and the last part is composed in the form of variations, in a soft, meditative mood.

Selected recordings[edit]

  • String Quintet No. 2, String Sextet. Supraphon 1992. (11 1461-2 131).[1] (Panocha Quartet)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ sleeve note of the Supraphon recording (11 1461-2 131)
  2. ^ sleeve note of the Supraphon recording (11 1461-2 131)
  3. ^ sleeve note of the Supraphon recording (11 1461-2 131)
  4. ^ J. Clapham, Antonín Dvořák, Norton, 1979, p. 46
  5. ^ Burghauser, p. 112
  6. ^ sleeve note of the Supraphon recording (11 1461-2 131)

References[edit]

  • Jarmil Burghauser: Antonín Dvořák. Prague: Koniasch Latin Press, 2006. ISBN 80-86791-26-2

External links[edit]