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|Look up stripped in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Stripped may refer to:
- Stripped (Christina Aguilera album), 2002 pop album
- Stripped (Pretty Maids album), 1992 hard rock / heavy metal album
- "Stripped" (song), 1986 song by Depeche Mode, covered by Rammstein
- Stripped (The Rolling Stones album), 1995 rock and roll album
- Stripped (tour), comedy tour by Eddie Izzard
- Stripped (film)
- Stripped classical, a style of art and architecture
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