Geologically, Strombolicchio is a volcanic plug or spine of extremely hard compacted basalt resistant to erosion, and is the remnant of the original volcano from which the island of Stromboli was built up. Eruptions at this site ceased approximately 200,000 years ago. Since then the volcanic activity has moved about 3 km (1.9 mi) to the southwest. It is the only subaerial part of a submarine platform that extends between it and the main island.
Its name in the Sicilian language means Little Stromboli.
Flora and fauna
This islet hosts some very rare endemisms and has been declared a natural reserve with severe restrictions of access. There are a few specimens of Bassia saxicola, an endangered flower at risk of extinction, present only in a few hundred specimens on the island of Capri.
A rare lizard, the Podarcis raffonei, inhabits Strombolicchio. There only three other locations hosting this lizard classified at critical risk of extinction, all of them in the Aeolian Islands: on a small islet off the coast of the nearby island of Salina, on the island of Filicudi and in some areas of Vulcano.
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