Strong City, Kansas

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Strong City, Kansas
City
U.S. Post Office in Strong City, 2009
U.S. Post Office in Strong City, 2009
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°23′41″N 96°32′15″W / 38.39472°N 96.53750°W / 38.39472; -96.53750Coordinates: 38°23′41″N 96°32′15″W / 38.39472°N 96.53750°W / 38.39472; -96.53750
Country  United States
State  Kansas
County Chase
Incorporated 1872
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Mike Cahoone[1][2]
 • City Clerk Shari DeWitt[1][2]
Area[3]
 • Total 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Land 0.55 sq mi (1.42 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,198 ft (365 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 485
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 477
 • Density 880/sq mi (340/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66869
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-68650 [6]
GNIS feature ID 0477264 [7]
Website City Website

Strong City is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States. It is named after William Barstow Strong, former president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.[8][9] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 485,[10] down about 100 people since the previous census.

History[edit]

1893 Railroad Map.
Hardware Store and Grocery in Strong City, 2009

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Strong City.[11]

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.[12] The city originated in March 1871 when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway was completed to the point then known as Cottonwood Station. Stong City was originally called Cottonwood, and under the latter name laid out in 1872.[13]

In 1881, the name was changed to Strong, in honor of William Barstow Strong, General Superintendent of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, and afterward the president of the company.[8][14]

The original depot was a wooden building built in 1872 then burned in 1902 and was replaced in 1903 by another wooden building.[14] From 1887 to 1938, a six stall engine roundhouse employed many workers.[8]

In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line".

20th century[edit]

In 1912, construction of a new depot was begun about 100 feet (30 m) west of the old one, and was finished in 1913.[14] The new brick depot was trimmed in native cut limestone was built for a cost of $20,000.[8] A brick platform some 800-feet long was built along the front of the building, and a 250-foot freight platform was built along the rear of the building. Passenger service was discontinued in the late 1940s.[14]

In 1945, the name was changed again, this time to Strong City.[8]

In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway.

Stone industry[edit]

Local stonemasons and builders Barney Lantry & Son contracted with railroad companies for projects throughout the United States.[14] In the beginning it built stone-work for certain phases of railroad construction, but later they did build complete railroads, grading, laying the track, building bridges, stations, roundhouses, and other division buildings.[15]

The first stone-crushers Kansas ever saw were brought to the state by the Lantrys and were operated on a very large scale at Strong City. Most of the stone for masonry and road-ballast for their jobs all over the west, was taken from their quarries at Strong City. Big stones for the Kansas State Capitol came from Strong City, each stone weighing 13,000 pounds. Stone was also used for public and private buildings in Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Iowa and Colorado.[15]

When Barney Lantry died in 1895, officials of the Santa Fe Railroad from Los Angeles to Chicago attended his funeral services in Strong City.[14]

Geography[edit]

Strong City is located at 38°23′41″N 96°32′15″W / 38.39472°N 96.53750°W / 38.39472; -96.53750 (38.394620, -96.537491)[16]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all of it land.[3] The Cottonwood River is approximately 0.5 miles west of the city, and an old channel of the river is next to the south-west corner of the city.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Strong City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 324
1890 976 201.2%
1900 1,128 15.6%
1910 762 −32.4%
1920 944 23.9%
1930 805 −14.7%
1940 848 5.3%
1950 680 −19.8%
1960 659 −3.1%
1970 545 −17.3%
1980 675 23.9%
1990 617 −8.6%
2000 584 −5.3%
2010 485 −17.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
"Bing the King" playing organ at the Flint Hills Rodeo, 1974

The center of population of Kansas is located 4.5 miles (7.2 km) north of Strong City at 38°27′15″N 96°32′10″W / 38.45417°N 96.53611°W / 38.45417; -96.53611.[18]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 485 people, 212 households, and 123 families residing in the city. The population density was 881.8 inhabitants per square mile (340.5 /km2). There were 256 housing units at an average density of 465.5 per square mile (179.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 212 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 44.1 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 31% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3% male and 48.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 584 people, 247 households, and 163 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,084.3 people per square mile (417.6/km²). There were 287 housing units at an average density of 532.9 per square mile (205.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 1.03% African American, 0.17% Asian, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.

There were 247 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.7 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,192, and the median income for a family was $35,833. Males had a median income of $23,523 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,807. About 5.8% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Events and attractions[edit]

  • Kansas Historical Markers:
    • Chase County And The Bluestem Pasture Region Of Kansas, approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) east on U.S. Route 50 highway.[20]
    • W.B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park.[8]

Government[edit]

The Strong City government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Tuesday of each month at 7PM.[1][2]

  • City Hall, 4th St and Chase St.
  • Chase County Sheriff Department, located in Cottonwood Falls.
  • Chase County Fire Department, located in Cottonwood Falls.
  • U.S. Post Office, 309 Cottonwood St.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Cottonwood Falls is part of Unified School District 284.[24][25] All students attend schools in Cottonwood Falls.

Library[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

An Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway route map from 1891 issue of Grain Dealers and Shippers Gazetteer.

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 50 and the La Junta Subdivision of BNSF Railway pass east-west through the city. K-177 highway passes north-south through the city. The original U.S. Route 50 road still comes into the southwest side of the city parallel to the railroad tracks.

Strong City applied for an Amtrak station on Amtrak's proposed extension of the Heartland Flyer from Oklahoma City to Kansas City, Missouri. If the town's application were successful, that would make it one of the smallest towns in the Amtrak system to have a station.[citation needed]

Utilities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Strong City - Directory of Public Officials
  2. ^ a b c Strong City - Government
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Kansas Historical Marker - W.B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park
  9. ^ The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway and Auxiliary Companies - Annual Meetings, and Directors and Officers; January 1, 1902
  10. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  11. ^ The History of Marion County and Courthouse
  12. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  13. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 154. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g National Register of Historic Places - Strong City Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Depot from kshs.org
  15. ^ a b Strong City History.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ Climate Summary for Strong City, Kansas
  18. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt
  19. ^ History of the Flint Hills Rodeo from its official website
  20. ^ Kansas Historical Marker - Chase County And The Bluestem Pasture Region Of Kansas from stoppingpoints.com
  21. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Fox Creek Stone Arch Bridge from kshs.org
  22. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Lower Fox Creek School from kshs.org
  23. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Strong City Opera House from kshs.org
  24. ^ USD 284
  25. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps