Strophanthus welwitschii

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Strophanthus welwitschii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Strophanthus
Species: S. welwitschii
Binomial name
Strophanthus welwitschii
(Baill.) K.Schum
Synonyms[1]
  • Strophanthus angusii F.White
  • Strophanthus ecaudatus Rolfe
  • Strophanthus gilletii De Wild.
  • Strophanthus katangensis Staner
  • Strophanthus parvifolius K.Schum
  • Strophanthus verdickii De Wild.
  • Zygonerion welwitschii Baill.

Strophanthus welwitschii grows as a deciduous shrub or small tree up to 5 metres (16 ft) tall, or as a liana up to 8 metres (26 ft) long, with a stem diameter up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in). Its fragrant flowers feature a white turning purple corolla, creamy and red or purple-streaked on the inside. Habitats are forests or rocky woodlands from 300 metres (980 ft) to 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) altitude. S. welwitschii is used in local medicinal treatments for respiratory conditions, gonorrhoea and scabies. The plant has been used as arrow poison.[2] S. welwitschii is native to Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Strophanthus welwitschii". The Plant List. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. pp. 561–562. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. 
  3. ^ "Strophanthus welwitschii". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 17 July 2013.