Stroud (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stroud
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Stroud in Gloucestershire.
Outline map
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
County Gloucestershire
Electorate 79,135 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Stroud, Dursley and Stonehouse
Current constituency
Created 1955
Member of Parliament Neil Carmichael (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Stroud & Thornbury
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Stroud & Thornbury
18321885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Gloucestershire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Stroud is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Neil Carmichael, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

A previous parliamentary borough form of constituency of the same name was created by the First Reform Act for the 1832 general election. It elected two MPs using the bloc vote system until it was transformed in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for that year's general election, the name being transferred to a single-seat county division which covered a wider geographical area.

This was abolished at the 1950 general election, partially replaced with a new Stroud and Thornbury county constituency. That was in turn abolished at the 1955 general election, when the present entity was created. Since this recreation the seat has had boundary changes.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The seat has electoral wards:

  • Amberley and Woodchester, Berkeley, Bisley, Caincross, Cam East, Cam West, Central, Chalford, Coaley and Uley, Dursley, Eastington and Standish, Farmhill and Paganhill, Hardwicke, Nailsworth, Over Stroud, Painswick, Rodborough, Severn, Slade, Stonehouse, The Stanleys, Thrupp, Trinity, Uplands, Upton St Leonards, Vale, and Valley in the Stroud District[2]

The extent of the constituency is almost all of the district, that provides three wards to The Cotswolds seat, mentioned below.

Constituency profile[edit]

Stroud lies south of Gloucester, between the two larger Gloucestershire rural constituencies of The Cotswolds and Forest of Dean. Though partially situated in the Cotswold Hills, Stroud is both smaller in area and more industrialised than these neighbours.

Much of the constituency is rural in character. Through the sparsely populated bulk, is a belt across the middle of the constituency that has a group of small but more urbanised villages, including Caincross, Cam and Rodborough.

The major market towns include Stroud itself, Dursley in the south of the constituency, and the smaller towns of Berkeley (which in fact has a smaller elctorate than Chalford, but more facilities), Stonehouse and Nailsworth.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Stroud parliamentary borough[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election Member[4] Party Member[4] Party
1832 David Ricardo Liberal William Henry Hyett Liberal
1833 by-election George Poulett Scrope Liberal
1835 Charles Richard Fox Liberal
May 1835 by-election Lord John Russell Liberal
1841 William Henry Stanton Liberal
1852 Lord Moreton Liberal
1853 by-election Edward Horsman Liberal
1867 by-election Henry Winterbotham Liberal
1868 Sebastian Dickinson Liberal
Jan. 1874 by-election John Dorington Conservative
1874[5] Walter John Stanton Liberal
May 1874 by-election[6] John Dorington Conservative Alfred John Stanton Liberal
July 1874 by-election[7] Henry Brand Liberal
1875 by-election[8] Samuel Stephens Marling Liberal
1880 Walter John Stanton Liberal Henry Brand Liberal
1880 Parliamentary borough abolished. Name transferred to a new county division

Stroud division of Gloucestershire[edit]

MPs 1885–1945[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 Henry Brand Liberal
1886 George Holloway Conservative
1892 David Brynmor Jones Liberal
1895 Charles Alfred Cripps Conservative
1900 Charles Peter Allen Liberal
1918 Sir Robert Ashton Lister Liberal
1922 Stanley Tubbs Conservative
1923 Frederick Edward Guest Liberal
1924 Sir Frank Nelson Unionist
1931 by-election Walter Perkins Conservative
1945 Ben Parkin Labour
1950 constituency abolished. See Stroud & Thornbury

Stroud County Constituency[edit]

MPs since 1955[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1955 Sir Anthony Kershaw Conservative
1987 Roger Knapman Conservative
1997 David Drew Labour Co-operative
2010 Neil Carmichael Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Stroud[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neil Carmichael 23,679 40.8 +2.5
Labour Co-op David Drew 22,380 38.6 −1.5
Liberal Democrat Dennis Andrewartha 8,955 15.4 +1.5
Green Martin Whiteside 1,542 2.7 −3.0
UKIP Steve Parker 1,301 2.2 +0.3
Independent Alan Lomas 116 0.2 +0.2
Majority 1,299 2.3
Turnout 57,973 74.0 +3.9
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing +2.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op David Drew 22,527 39.6 −7.0
Conservative Neil Carmichael 22,177 39.0 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Hirst 8,026 14.1 +3.2
Green Martin Whiteside 3,056 5.4 +1.9
UKIP Edward Noble 1,089 1.9 +0.3
Majority 350 0.6 −8.8
Turnout 56875 71.3 +1.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 2001: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op David Drew 25,685 46.6 +3.9
Conservative Neil Carmichael 20,646 37.4 −0.5
Liberal Democrat Janice Beasley 6,036 10.9 −4.5
Green Kevin Cranston 1,913 3.5 −0.5
UKIP Adrian Blake 895 1.6 N/A
Majority 5,039 9.2
Turnout 55,175 70.0 −8.8
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op David Drew 26,170 42.7 +15.8
Conservative Roger Knapman 23,260 37.9 −8.3
Liberal Democrat Paul Hodgkinson 9,502 15.5 −8.5
Green John Marjoram 2,415 3.9 +1.0
Majority 2,910 4.8
Turnout 61,347 79.2
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing +12.1
General Election 1992: Stroud[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Knapman 32,201 46.2 −4.0
Labour David Drew 18,796 26.9 +8.4
Liberal Democrat Myles P. Robinson 16,751 24.0 −7.3
Green Ms. Sue M Atkinson 2,005 2.9 +2.9
Majority 13,405 19.2 +0.3
Turnout 69,753 84.5 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing −6.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Knapman 32,883 50.2 −1.1
Liberal A.A. Walker-Smith 20,508 31.3 −0.6
Labour T. Levitt 12,145 18.5 +1.7
Majority 12,375 18.9
Turnout 65,553 80.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Anthony Kershaw 30,896 51.3
Liberal G. Fallon 19,182 31.9
Labour D.R. Parsons 10,141 16.8
Majority 11,714 19.5
Turnout 60,219 77.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 32,534 52.6
Labour B.J. Marshall 17,037 27.5
Liberal James Heppell 12,314 19.9
Majority 15,497 25.0
Turnout 81.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 24,406 43.8
Labour W.H. Maddocks 17,352 31.1
Liberal S.A. Ritchie 13,756 24.7
United Democratic Party J.S. Churchill 241 0.4
Majority 7,054 12.7
Turnout 80.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Stroud
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 25,619 43.6
Labour W.H. Maddocks 17,148 29.2
Liberal S.A. Ritchie 15,521 26.4
Powell Conservative J.S. Churchill 470 0.8
Majority 8,471 14.4
Turnout 85.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Stroud

Electorate 66,081

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 27,089 51.1
Labour R. Derek Wheatley 19,158 36.1
Liberal David M. Davies 6,799 12.8
Majority 7,931 15.0
Turnout 80.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Stroud

Electorate 59,379

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 21,804 43.2
Labour Thomas M. Cox 20,259 40.2
Liberal John V. Smith 8,397 16.6
Majority 1,545 3.1
Turnout 85.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Stroud

Electorate 57,906

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 21,802 44.1
Labour Dennis V. Hunt 18,889 38.2
Liberal Iain P. Crawford 8,747 17.7
Majority 2,913 5.9
Turnout 85.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Stroud

Electorate 57,222

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 23,448 48.1 −1.3
Labour Alfred Thomas Evans 18,336 37.6 −3.5
Liberal C. John McNair 6,988 14.3 +4.8
Majority 5,112 10.5
Turnout 48,772 85.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Stroud

Electorate : 55,862

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Anthony Kershaw 23,318 49.4 N/A
Labour Richard W. Evely 19,375 41.1 N/A
Liberal Eric B. Ayliffe 4,489 9.5 N/A
Majority 3,943 8.4 N/A
Turnout 47,182 84.5 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 75,987

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fl-Lt. Benjamin Theaker Parkin 22,495 40.77
Conservative Walter Robert Dempster Perkins 21,546 39.05
Liberal Peter Egbert Cadbury 11,141 20.19
Majority 949 1.72
Turnout 72.62
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: Walter Perkins,

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 54,140

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Robert Dempster Perkins 24,282 63.21
Labour Mrs Constance E M Borrett 14,133 36.79
Majority 10,149 26.42
Turnout 70.95
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 50,534

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Robert Dempster Perkins 27,612 71.4
Labour F W Davies 11,039 28.6
Majority 16,573 42.8
Turnout 76.5
Conservative hold Swing
Stroud by-election, 1931

Electorate 49,874

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Walter Robert Dempster Perkins 17,641 49.6
Labour Sir Herbert John Maynard 10,688 30.0
Liberal Arthur William Stanton 7,267 20.4
Majority 6,953 19.6
Turnout 71.4
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 48,776

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Frank Nelson 17,700 44.4 -9.8
Liberal Arthur William Stanton 11,728 29.5 +8.9
Labour F. E. White 10,384 26.1 +0.9
Majority 5,972 14.9
Turnout 81.6
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 37,336

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Frank Nelson 15,973 54.2 +7.4
Labour Edith Picton-Turbervill 7,418 25.2 n/a
Liberal Arthur William Stanton 6,057 20.6 -32.6
Majority 8,555 29.0
Turnout 78.9 +0.7
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 36,504

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Frederick Edward Guest 15,179 53.2
Unionist Stanley William Tubbs 13,355 46.8
Majority 1,824 6.4
Turnout 78.2
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 36,094

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Stanley William Tubbs 14,723 51.1 n/a
Liberal Rt Hon. Charles Peter Allen 9,041 31.3 -28.6
Labour Samuel Edward Walters 5,081 17.6 -22.5
Majority 5,682 19.8 0.0
Turnout 79.9 +18.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

R.A.Lister
General Election 1918[11]

Electorate 34,685

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal 12,734 59.9
Labour Capt. Charles Wye Kendall 8,522 40.1
Majority 4,212 19.8
Turnout 61.3
Liberal hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ The February 1874 general election in Stroud was declared void after a petition
  6. ^ The May 1874 by-election was held two elect two members, after results of the general election had been declared void. Two MPs were elected, but the election of Dorington was overturned on petition
  7. ^ The July 1874 by-election was held to elect a replacement for Dorington, whose victory at the May 1874 by-election had been declared void on petition
  8. ^ The February 1875 by-election was held to elect a replacement for Brand, whose victory at the July 1874 by-election had been declared void on petition.
  9. ^ "Stroud District Elections Result". Stroud District Council. 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, craig