Structural capital

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Structural capital (or institutional capital) is one of the three primary components of intellectual capital, and consists of the supportive infrastructure, processes, and databases of the organisation that enable human capital to function.[1] Structural capital is owned by an organization and remains with an organization even when people leave. It includes proprietary software, processes, patents, and trademarks, as well as the organization’s image, organization, information system, and proprietary databases.

There are three subcomponents that comprise structural capital:[2][3]

Organizational capital includes the organization philosophy and systems for leveraging the organization’s capability.

Process capital[4] includes the techniques, procedures, and programs that implement and enhance the delivery of goods and services.

Innovation capital[5] includes intellectual property and certain other intangible assets. Intellectual property includes protected commercial rights such as patents, copyrights and trademarks. Intangible assets are all of the other talents and theory by which an organization is run.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Maddocks, J. & Beaney, M. 2002. See the invisible and intangible. Knowledge Management, March, 16-17.
  2. ^ Roos, J., Roos, G., Dragonetti, N. C., & Edvinsson, L. (1997). Intellectual capital. Macmillan Business.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Jin Chen, Zhaohui Zhu, Hong Yuan Xie, (2004) "Measuring intellectual capital: a new model and empirical study", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 5 Iss: 1, pp.195 - 212
  6. ^ Edvinsson, L. (1997). Developing intellectual capital at Skandia. Long range planning, 30(3), 366-373.

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