Structure of the Canadian Army

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The Canadian Army is not an independent service. Rather it is the land component of Canada's unified defence forces known as the Canadian Armed Forces.

The Canadian Army is commanded from National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa and has been subdivided into five Divisions as of July 2013:[1]

Each Division is responsible for the regular army and reserve forces located within its geographical purview – all except the 5th Canadian Division has a regular army mechanized brigade group under its command, together with between two and three militia brigades. The 1st Canadian Division is made up of approximately 2000 personnel who compose a high readiness force.

Each mechanized brigade group contains three infantry battalions, an armoured regiment, an artillery regiment, and a combat engineer regiment. Each brigade group also contains a service support battalion, signals squadron and military police platoon.

In addition to the four Divisions, the Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre, commanded by a major-general and headquartered at McNaughton Barracks, CFB Kingston, Ontario, is responsible for the supervision, integration and delivery of Army training and long-range planning for Army training and doctrine development, including simulation and digitization. It includes a number of schools and training organizations, such as the Combat Training Centre at CFB Gagetown, NB, and the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre at CFB Wainwright, AB.[2]

Higher field command elements[edit]

In 2009, the 1st Canadian Division headquarters unit at Kingston in Ontario was activated after the redesignation of the old Canadian Joint Forces Headquarters (which had been formed in 2000 after the redesignation of the original 1st Canadian Division Headquarters).

Units assigned to 1st Canadian Division[edit]

Canadian Divisions[edit]

Structure of the Canadian Land Forces

Regular Force formations are in bold face. Reserve Force units are in light face.

2nd Canadian Division[edit]

3rd Canadian Division[edit]

4th Canadian Division[edit]

5th Canadian Division[edit]

Despite some misconceptions, there is no such formation as 'Land Force Northern Area'. The Canadian Rangers and other formations operating in the north report to Joint Task Force (North).

Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre[edit]

Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre Headquarters CFB Kingston, Ontario
Canadian Army Command and Staff College CFB Kingston, Ontario
Directorate of Army Doctrine CFB Kingston, Ontario
Directorate of Army Training CFB Kingston, Ontario
Directorate of Land Synthetic Environments CFB Kingston, Ontario
Influence Activities Task Force CFB Kingston, Ontario
Army Lessons Learned Centre CFB Kingston, Ontario
Peace Support Training Centre Kingston CFB Kingston, Ontario
Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre CFB Wainwright, Alberta
Combat Training Centre (CTC) CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick

Combat Training Centre (CTC)[edit]

Combat Training Centre Headquarters Gagetown CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick
Canadian Army Advanced Warfare Centre CFB Trenton, Ontario
Armour School CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick
Infantry School CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick
Field Artillery School CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick
School of Military Engineering CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick
School of Communications and Electronics CFB Kingston, Ontario
School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering CFB Borden, Ontario
Tactics School CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick
Land Force Test and Evaluation Unit CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Department of National Defence, 2011. Leader in Land Operations: LFDTS Land Force Doctrine and Training System