Structure of the French Army

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The structure of the French Army is fixed by Chapter 2 of Title II of Book II of the Third Part of the Code of Defense, notably resulting in the codification of Decree 2000-559 of 21 June 2000.[1]

In terms of Article R.3222-3 of the Code of Defence,[2] the Army comprises:

  • The Chief of Staff of the French Army (Chef d'état-major de l'armée de terre (CEMAT)).
  • The army staff (l'état-major de l'armée de terre (EMAT)), which directs and manages all the components;
  • The Army Inspectorate (l'inspection de l'Armée de terre);
  • The Army Human Resources Directorate (la direction des ressources humaines de l'armée de terre (DRHAT));
  • The forces;
  • A territorial organisation (5 land régions: Île-de-France, Nord-Ouest, Sud-Ouest, Sud-Est and Nord-Est);[3]
  • The services;
  • The personnel training and military higher training organisms.
Structure of the French Army (click to enlarge).

Land Forces Command[edit]

The CFT (Commandement des Forces Terrestres or Land Forces Command) commands the 8 brigades interarmes (combat brigades) as well as the support brigades.

French Army
Flag of France.svg

Components
Army Light Aviation
Armoured Cavalry
Troupes de marine
French Foreign Legion
Chasseurs alpins
List of current regiments
Structure of the French Army
Administration
Chief of Staff of the French Army
Equipment
Modern Equipment
History
Military history of France
Personnel
List of senior officers of the French Army
Ranks in the French Army
Awards
Croix de guerre
Médaille militaire
Légion d'honneur
Awards

Deployable Commands[edit]

  • Corps de Réaction Rapide - a NATO corps sized deployable headquarters in Lille
  • État-major de force n° 1 (EMF 1) - a division sized deployable command in Besançon
  • État-major de force n° 3 (EMF 3) - a division sized deployable command in Marseille

1re Brigade Mécanisée – 1st Mechanised Brigade[edit]

Leclerc main battle tank

HQ based at Quartier Chanzyin, Châlons-en-Champagne.[4]

2e Brigade Blindée – 2nd Armored Brigade[edit]

Based in Illkirch-Graffenstaden

3e Brigade Mécanisée – 3rd Mechanised Brigade[edit]

Based in Clermont-Ferrand

6e Brigade Légère Blindée – 6th Light Armoured Brigade[edit]

Legionnaires in parade uniform

Based in Nîmes

7e Brigade Blindée – 7th Armoured Brigade[edit]

Based in Besançon

9e Brigade Légère Blindée de Marine - 9th Light Armoured Marine Brigade[edit]

Based in Poitiers

11e Brigade Parachutiste – 11th Parachute Brigade[edit]

8th RPIMa insignia

Based in Balma

27e Brigade d’infanterie de Montagne – 27th Mountain Infantry Brigade[edit]

Based in Varces

  • 27e Compagnie de Commandement et de Transmissions de Montagne (27e CCTM) - Command and Signals Company in Varces
  • 4e Régiment de Chasseurs (4e RCh) - Wheeled Armoured Regiment in Gap with 36 ERC 90, 16 VBL and 6 Gazelle helicopters
  • 7e Bataillon de Chasseurs Alpins (7e BCA) - Mountain Infantry Battalion in Bourg-Saint-Maurice with VAB and VHM
  • 13e Bataillon de Chasseurs Alpins (11e BCA) - Mountain Infantry Battalion in Chambéry with VAB and VHM
  • 27e Bataillon de Chasseurs Alpins (27e BCA) - Mountain Infantry Battalion in Annecy with VAB and VHM
  • 93e Régiment d'Artillerie de Montagne (93e RAM) - Mountain Artillery Regiment in Varces with CAESAR self-propelled howitzers and RTF1 mortars
  • 2e Régiment Etranger de Génie (2e REG) in Saint-Christol

Brigade de Renseignement – Reconnaissance Brigade[edit]

Based in Haguenau

Brigade de Transmissions – Signal Brigade[edit]

in Douai

  • 28e Régiment de Transmissions (28e RT) - Signal Regiment Issoire
  • 40e Régiment de Transmissions (40e RT) - Signal Regiment Thionville
  • 41e Régiment de Transmissions (41e RT) - Signal Regiment Douai
  • 48e Régiment de Transmissions (48e RT) - Signal Regiment Agen
  • 53e Régiment de Transmissions (53e RT) - Signal Regiment Lunéville

Brigade Logistique – Logistics Brigade[edit]

Armoured medical transportation vehicle

Based in Montlhéry

  • 121e Régiment du Train (121e RT) - Logistic Regiment in Montlhéry
  • 503e Régiment du Train (503e RT) - Logistic Regiment in Nîmes
  • 511e Régiment du Train (511e RT) - Logistic Regiment in Auxonne
  • 515e Régiment du Train (515e RT) - Logistic Regiment in Angoulême
  • 516e Régiment du Train (516e RT) - Logistic Regiment in Toul
  • 519e Groupe de Transit Maritime (519e GTM) - Sea Transport Group in Toulon
  • Régiment de soutien du combattant - Combat Logistic Regiment in Toulouse
  • Régiment Médical (RMED) - Field Hospital Regiment in Valbonne

Brigade Franco-Allemande – Franco-German Brigade[edit]

Main article: Franco-German Brigade

Based in Müllheim

French contribution:

Combat support units[edit]

  • 1er Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (1er RHC) - Combat Helicopter Regiment in Phalsbourg with 42 Gazelle, 20 Puma and 14 Cougar helicopters
  • 3e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (3e RHC) - Combat Helicopter Regiment in Étain with 37 Gazelle, 16 Puma helicopters
  • 5e Régiment d'Hélicoptères de Combat (5e RHC) - Combat Helicopter Regiment in Pau with 52 Gazelle helicopters
  • 2e Régiment de Dragons - Défense Nucléaire Biologique et chimique (2 RD-NBC) NBC-defense Regiment in Fontevraud-l'Abbaye
  • 132e bataillon cynophile de l'armée de terre (132e BCAT) - Dog Battalion in Suippes

Logistics Units[edit]

  • 2e Régiment du Matériel (2e RMAT) - Material Regiment in Bruz
  • 3e Régiment du Matériel (3e RMAT) - Material Regiment in Muret
  • 4e Régiment du Matériel (4e RMAT) - Material Regiment in Nimes
  • 6e Régiment du Matériel (6e RMAT) Material Regiment in Besançon
  • 7e Régiment du Matériel (7e RMAT) - Material Regiment in Lyon
  • 8e Régiment du Matériel (8e RMAT) - Material Regiment in Mourmelon[disambiguation needed]
  • 5e Base de Soutien du Matériel (5e BSMAT) - Materials Base in Draguignan
  • 12e Base de Soutien du Matériel (12e BSMAT) - Materials Base in Salbris
  • 13e Base de Soutien du Matériel (13e BSMAT) - Materials Base in Clermont-Ferrand

COS[edit]

The Commandement des Opérations Spéciales (Special Operations Command, COS) is the command, which coordinates the use of the French special forces of all military branches (Army, Navy, Air Force and Gendarmerie). The Special Forces units of the French Army are united in the Brigade des Forces Spéciales Terre (Army Special Forces Brigade, BFST).

Brigade des Forces Spéciales Terre - Army Special Forces Brigade[edit]

Based in Pau

Other Army units[edit]

Training and Formation units[edit]

Signals and Electronic Warfare units[edit]

  • 785e Composante Guerre Electronique (785e CGE) - Electronic Warfare Centre in Orléans

Support units of the 5 regional headquarters[edit]

All this is now under the direction of the "Bases de Défense", an organization common to the Army, Navy and Airforce.

Army units permanently deployed overseas[edit]

Africa and Middle East[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

  • Détachement Terre Antilles/33e RIMa (33e RIMa) in Fort-de-France (Martinique) (infantry)

French Guiana[edit]

Indian Ocean[edit]

Pacific Ocean[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Paris fire brigade truck

Future[edit]

The Future French Army will have "Two heavy (armoured) brigades for initial attack on the enemy positions. Three other multi-role (mechanised) brigades will be equipped and trained primarily for crisis management. Finally, two light brigades (the parachute and the alpine brigades) will be able to intervene in specific and difficult environments and will be the rapid response element.

Completion or prepositioned within modules dedicated emergency forces. The continued digitalization effort and operational readiness ensure appropriate consistency between these three components and their ability to mutually support and enforce each other. These forces will have about 200 heavy tanks, 250 medium wheeled tanks, 2700 multirole combat armored vehicles, 140 attack and reconnaissance helicopters, 115 maneuver helicopters and about 30 tactical drones."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Version du décret avant abrogation" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  2. ^ CDEF(R), no. R3222-3 Code de la défense, art. R.3222-3
  3. ^ CDEF(R) no. R1212-4, Code de la défense, art. R.*1212-4.
  4. ^ "1re brigade mécanisée". French government. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  5. ^ http://www.defense.gouv.fr/content/download/206200/2286715/file/Livre%20blanc%20-Dossier%20th%C3%A9matique.pdf