Stryn

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This article is about the municipality in Nordfjord, Norway. For the village in this municipality, see Stryn (village).
Stryn kommune
Municipality
Stryn.jpg
Coat of arms of Stryn kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Stryn kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Stryn within Sogn og Fjordane
Stryn within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°50′19″N 06°51′46″E / 61.83861°N 6.86278°E / 61.83861; 6.86278Coordinates: 61°50′19″N 06°51′46″E / 61.83861°N 6.86278°E / 61.83861; 6.86278
Country Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Nordfjord
Administrative centre Stryn
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Sven Flo (H)
Area
 • Total 1,377.26 km2 (531.76 sq mi)
 • Land 1,321.23 km2 (510.13 sq mi)
 • Water 56.03 km2 (21.63 sq mi)
Area rank 63 in Norway
Population (2013)
 • Total 7,105
 • Rank 144 in Norway
 • Density 5.4/km2 (14/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.0 %
Demonym Stryning[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1449
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.stryn.no
Data from Statistics Norway
View towards Stryn summer ski center
Innvik Church
Olden Church
Oppstrynsvatnet Lake
Nordsida Church

Stryn is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. The administrative center of the municipality is the village of Stryn. The municipality is located along the innermost part of the Nordfjorden. Some of the main villages in Stryn include Loen, Innvik, Utvik, Randabygda, Olden, and Flo.

Farming, forestry, fruit growing, animal breeding for furs, small manufacturing industries, tourism, and the service trades provide the main occupations. The wide river Stryneelva enters the village of Stryn from the east after meandering through the fertile Stryn Valley, from the large lake Oppstrynsvatn. The Jostedalsbreen National Park Centre is situated on the shore of this lake. At the east end of the lake, the road enters the narrower Hjelledalen and shortly zigzags up some 300 metres (980 ft) to Ospeli and the entrance of the first of the three tunnels of the mountain highway (Riksvei 15) leading to Geiranger and Grotli.

Stryn is known for its all year glacier skiing at Stryn Sommerski. It is also the home of the footballer-brothers Tore André Flo, Jarle Flo and Jostein Flo, who grew up in the village of Stryn, as well as their footballing-cousin Håvard Flo who is from the village of Flo.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The name (Old Norse Strjónar) originally (probably) belonged to the river of Stryneelva. The name is derived from strjónn which means "(strong) stream".

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was introduced in 1987. It shows a yellow branch of a linden (tilia) on a green background.

See also: Coat of arms of Lindås

Background[edit]

Innvik was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality was identical to the Innvik parish (prestegjeld) with the sub-parishes (sokn) of Oppstryn, Nedstryn, Loen, Olden, Innvik, and Utvik.

In 1843, the sub-parishes of Loen, Oppstryn, and Nedstryn were separated from the municipality of Innvik and became a separate municipality named Stryn. The population of Stryn at this time was 2,401.[2]

On 10 January 1922, the area of Raksgrenda was transferred from Innvik to Stryn. The population in this area was 120 at that time.[2]

On 1 January 1965, a merger took place combining the following areas into a new Stryn municipality:

  • the municipality of Innvik (population: 3,003)
  • the municipality of Stryn (population: 2,982)
  • everything east of Navelsaker and Holmøyvik in Hornindal Municipality (population: 1,184)
  • Hoplandsgrenda in the municipality of Gloppen (population: 42)

The new municipality of Stryn had a population of 7,211.[2]

On 1 January 1977, the parts of Hornindal municipality that were merged with Stryn in 1965 were transferred back to the newly re-constituted Hornindal municipality.[3] The population of Stryn was reduced by 1,202 in this transaction.[2]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has eight parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Stryn. It is part of the Nordfjord deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin. [4]

Churches in Stryn
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Oppstryn Oppstryn Church Oppstryn 1863
Nedstryn Nedstryn Church Nedstryn 1859
Loen Loen Church Loen 1838
Innvik Innvik Church Innvik 1822
Utvik Utvik Church Utvik 1840
Olden Olden Church Olden 1934
Old Olden Church 1772
Ljosheim Chapel Mykløy in Oldedalen 1924
Randabygda Randabygd Church Randabygda 1916
Nordsida Nordsida Church Roset 1973

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Stryn, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Stryn is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Stryn Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 4
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 2
  Conservative Party Høgre 8
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 2
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 7
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
Total number of members: 25

Mayor[edit]

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Sven Flo of the Conservative Party (Høyre) was elected as mayor in 2011.[6]

Geography[edit]

Loenvatnet
Oppstrynsvatnet
Briksdals Glacier
Road to Jostedals Glacier
Loen

Location[edit]

Stryn is located on the northern border of Sogn og Fjordane county. To the north, Stryn is bordered by the municicaplities of Hornindal (Sogn og Fjordane county) and Stranda (in Møre og Romsdal county), to the east is Skjåk (in Oppland county), to the southeast is Luster, to the southwest is Jølster, and to the west is Gloppen and Eid.

Nature[edit]

Stryn is world famous for its beautiful scenery with glaciers and majestic mountains running into the mirroring fjords and lakes. The most famous glacier is Briksdalsbreen and it lies in the Oldedalen valley, but the Stryn area offers numerous spectacular valley glaciers including Tindefjellbreen, Tystigsbreen, and Myklebustbreen. Most of the valley glaciers in Stryn are originating from the great Jostedal glacier (Jostedalsbreen) between the Nordfjord and Sogn areas.

Ramnefjellsfossen, the third highest free-falling waterfall in the world, is located in the municipality. Stryn also has the largest linden forest in Northern Europe. The largest lakes are Oppstrynsvatn, Lovatnet, and Oldevatnet. The mountains Skåla, Lodalskåpa, and Høgstre Breakulen are all located in Stryn.

Jostedal Glacier National Park[edit]

The Jostedalsbreen National Park has an area of approximately 1,310 square kilometres (510 sq mi). A breathtakingly beautiful flora and fauna area situated between the fjord and glacier. The museum Jostedalsbreen nasjonalparksenter is located in Oppstryn.

Briksdal glacier[edit]

Visitors from all over the world come to see the beautiful Briksdalsbreen glacier outlet, which is beautifully situated amid waterfalls and high peaks. Briksdal glacier is a part of the Jostedal glacier ice field, which is the largest glacier on the European mainland. The highest point of the glacier lies at 1,950 metres (6,400 ft) above sea level and in some places it measures 400 metres (1,300 ft) in depth. It is located at the end of the Oldedalen valley.

Lodalen – Kjenndalen[edit]

On two occasions, large rockslides from Ramnefjellet hit the lake below. The resulting flood wave wiped out the settlements of Nesdal and Bødal, killing 135 people.

Wildlife[edit]

There are many bird species in this area including the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Rough-legged Buzzard (Buteo lagopus), and the White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopus leucotos). Some of the larger mammals that live in this region are Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), Wolverines (Gulo gulo), and Lynxes (Lynx lynx).

National Tourist Route[edit]

The Gamle Strynefjellsvegen is a National Tourist Route (Fylkesvei 258). It goes from Grotli (Skjåk municipality in Oppland county) to Videseter, where a waterfall is, and on to the village of Stryn (Sogn og Fjordane county).

Attractions[edit]

Stryn Center[edit]

The village of Stryn, a busy and developing small village at the tip of the most northernly of the three short branches at the inner end of Nordfjorden, is the local government and shopping centre for a large community and the junction of roads which connect inner Nordfjord with the rest of Norway.

Oldedalen Valley[edit]

The southernmost of the three short branches at the inner end of Nordfjorden terminates at the village of Olden from which a lovely valley, Oldedalen, goes due south for about 20 kilometres (12 mi) between slopes rising sharply to more than 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) to the edge of the Jostedals glacier.

Olden has two churches. The Old Olden Church in the village, was built in 1759 on the site of a Stave church dating from around 1300. Its pews, doors, and jambs are made from timbers of the Stave church. The "new" Olden Church, a short distance along the valley, was built in 1934 so that the old church could be preserved.

In nearby Loen, the Hotel Alexandra is a popular tourist retreat.

Innvik and Utvik[edit]

On the southern shore of the Nordfjorden, between Hildaneset and Utvikfjellet, lie the villages of Innvik and Utvik, in the area known as Vikane. The main road (Rv 60) skirts the fjord past Innvik and ascends from Utvik to Utvikfjellet mountain. At Hildaneset, beside the main road, there is a sculpture of Mr. Singer. Mr Singer financed the building of the road.

Skiing[edit]

Stryn Sommerski is one of Norway's best known skiing facilities. It offers excellent skiing conditions in the summer, with lifts and tracks for all types of skiing, including Cross-country skiing, Alpine skiing, Telemark skiing, and snowboarding.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ a b c d Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  3. ^ Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  4. ^ "Kyrkjer i Stryn" (in Norwegian). NRK.no. 27 May 2002. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  5. ^ "Members of the local councils". Statistics Norway. 2011. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  6. ^ "Ordføraren informerer" (in Norwegian). Sogndal Kommune. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 

External links[edit]