Strzelecki Desert

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Strzelecki
Desert
BoreTrack.jpg
Bore Track in the Strzelecki Desert, South Australia.
Country Australia
States New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia
Area 80,250 km2 (30,985 sq mi)
Biome Desert

The Strzelecki Desert /əˈlɛtski/ is located in the Far North Region of South Australia, South West Queensland and western New South Wales. It is positioned in the northeast of the Lake Eyre Basin, and north of the Flinders Ranges. Two other deserts occupy the Lake Eyre Basin—the Tirari Desert and the Simpson Desert.

The desert covers 80,250 km2 making it the seventh largest desert in Australia.[1] The Dingo Fence, Birdsville Track, the Strzelecki Track, the Diamantina River, Cooper Creek and the Strzelecki Creek all pass through the Desert.

The desert is characterised by extensive dune fields and is home to three wilderness areas. It was named after the Polish explorer Paweł Edmund Strzelecki by Charles Sturt.[2] He was the first non-indigenous explorer in the area, followed closely by the ill-fated Burke and Wills expedition.

Much of the desert is preserved within the Strzelecki Regional Reserve in South Australia.[3] Parts of the eastern sections of the desert are protected by the Sturt National Park. A population of the endangered Dusky Hopping Mouse lives in the desert.

The Cobbler Sandhills near Lake Blanche is a section of the Strzelecki Desert where the dunes are replaced by small eroded knolls, mostly with vegetation on the top. This area provided great difficulty for early attempts to cross the desert by car, and the name relates to the sheep which were the most difficult to shear, known as the "cobblers".

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Deserts". Geoscience Australia. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Innamincka/Cooper Creek State Heritage Area". State Heritage Areas of South Australia. Department for Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  3. ^ "Biodiversity Assessment - Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields". Australian Natural Resources Atlas. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 

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Coordinates: 27°41′S 140°25′E / 27.69°S 140.41°E / -27.69; 140.41