|Nickname(s): Sailfish Capital of the World|
|Martin County and the state of Florida|
|• Mayor||Eula Clarke|
|• Vice Mayor||Troy McDonald|
|• Total||8.5 sq mi (22 km2)|
|• Land||6.3 sq mi (16 km2)|
|• Water||2.2 sq mi (6 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||1,721.5/sq mi (664.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0291756|
Stuart is a city in and county seat of Martin County, Florida. Located on Florida's Treasure Coast, Stuart is the largest of four incorporated municipalities in Martin County. The population was 15,593 in the 2010 census.  It is part of the Port St. Lucie, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.
In the 18th century, several Spanish galleons were shipwrecked in the Martin County area of Florida's Treasure Coast. The multiple wrecks were reportedly the result of a hurricane, and the ships were carrying unknown quantities of gold and silver. Some of this treasure has since been recovered, and its presence resulted in the region's name.
In 1832, pirate Pedro Gilbert who often used a sandbar off the coast as a lure to unsuspecting prey, chased and caught the Mexican, a US merchant ship. Although he attempted to burn the ship and kill the crew, they survived to report the incident, ultimately resulting in the capture and subsequent execution of Gilbert and his crew.The bar from which is lured his intended booty is named "Gilbert's Bar" on nautical charts.
The Treasure Coast area that became Stuart was first settled by non-Native Americans in 1870. In 1875, a United States Lifesaving Station was established on Hutchinson Island, near Stuart. Today, the station is known as Gilbert's Bar House of Refuge and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
From 1893-1895, the area was called Potsdam. This name was chosen by Otto Stypmann, a local landowner originally from Potsdam, Germany. Stypmann, with his brother Ernest, owned the land that would become downtown Stuart. Potsdam was renamed Stuart in 1895, after the establishment of the Florida East Coast Railway, in honor of Homer Hine Stuart, Jr., another local landowner.
The city of Stuart is known as the Sailfish Capital of the World, because of the many sailfish found in the ocean off Martin County.
Stuart is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 6.3 square miles (16 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) is water.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification, Stuart, Florida lies in the tropical wet climate (Af). Like other areas along the south-central Florida Atlantic coast, Stuart is located in the broad transition zone from subtropical to tropical climates. As such, a few times each decade temperatures in Stuart will fall to near the freezing mark away from the beaches and coastal areas. There is no known record of snow or snow flurries in Stuart. Because of the year round warm and sunny weather, warm Atlantic seas, and location adjacent to the Gulf Stream Current, Stuart is one of the centers of charter fishing in Florida.
Stuart has two seasons - a hot and wet season (late May through October) and the warm and dry season (November through April). Like other areas in central and southern Florida, there is a distinct change in the mean direction in prevailing winds between these two seasons: During the wet season prevailing winds are from southeast (tropical) while during the dry season they are from the northwest (continental). While the wet season (summer) in Stuart can bring brief, but heavy rain (August averages over 8 inches). The dry season (winter) can be so severe that often forest and brush fires are a concern, and water restrictions are imposed. Like most locations in Florida, Stuart enjoys a high number of sunny days, averaging 2900 hrs annually.
Over the years several tropical cyclones have passed near Stuart area. Major hurricanes impacted the Stuart area in 1928, 1933, 1947, 1949, and 1977 (Hurricane David). In the more recent past, in 2004, two tropical cyclones passed near Stuart, Frances and Jeanne causing moderate damage in the area. However, like most areas prone to tropical cyclones, a direct hit by a major hurricane is infrequent in Stuart.
|Climate data for Stuart, Florida|
|Average high °F (°C)||74
|Average low °F (°C)||55
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.5
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,593 people, 7,220 households, and 3,422 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,320.5 per square mile (896.0 /km2). There were 8,777 housing units at an average density of 1,391.9 per square mile (537.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.30% White, 12.33% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.97% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.29% of the population.
There were 7,220 households out of which 15.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.6% were non-families. 46.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.88 and the average family size was 2.60.
In the city the population was spread out with 14.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 32.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.
Public health and safety
The median income for a household in the city was $35,954, and the median income for a family was $47,736. Males had a median income of $29,151 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,020. About 7.8% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. Stuart is publicly seen as a new coming old city, starting a new boom in its local economy with construction of a new bridge, rise of new buildings and roadways being restored.
The cost of living in Stuart is 87.5, which is lower than the U.S. average of 100.
|Cost of Living||Stuart||U.S.|
Various businesses cater to tourists, such as fishing charters, boating charters, sailing, cruises , SCUBA and snorkeling, and nature tours
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the Stuart area are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Martin Health System||2,825|
|2||Martin County School District||2,566|
|5||State of Florida||637|
|9||Liberator Medical Supply||319|
|10||Florida Power & Light||303|
- South Fork High School
- Martin County High School
- Redeemer Lutheran School
- St. Joseph Catholic School
- Pinewood Elementary
- Port Salerno Elementary
- Murray Middle School
- Hidden Oaks Middle School
- Stuart Middle School
- J.D. Parker School of Science, Math and Technology
- Anderson Middle School
- Crystal Lake Elementary
- Community Christian Academy
- Hobe Sound Christian Academy
- Clark Advanced Learning Center
- The Pine School
Neighborhoods inside city limits
- St. Lucie Estates
- Towne Park
- Indian Pines
- The Crossings
- Ocean Boulevard area
- Downtown Stuart
- North River Shores
- Palm Lake Park
- Willoughby Golf Club
Arts and culture
- Audubon of Martin County
- Blake Library
- Lyric Theatre
- Stuart Heritage Museum
- Elliott Museum
- The Barn Theatre
- Chris Marquette, actor
- Cleveland Gary, professional football player
- Corey McIntyre, professional football player
- Dan Bakkedahl, Correspondent on the Daily Show
- Derek Fathauer, professional golfer who currently plays on the PGA Tour
- Ed Hearn, Major League Baseball player and motivational speaker
- James Davis, professional football player
- James Gould Cozzens, Pulitzer Prize-winning author
- John McHale, player and executive in Major League Baseball
- Judge Reinhold, actor
- Kathy Rinaldi, professional tennis player
- Kelly Carrington, Playboy Playmate October 2008
- Lee Rinker, PGA Tour Golf player
- Nelson Burton Jr., professional bowler and longtime TV analyst
- Ralph Evinrude CEO of Outboard Motor Company with a test facility in Stuart, married Frances Langford and retired to Jensen Beach.
- Rusty Meacham, former Major League Baseball player
- Roger Schank, leading visionary in Artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and learning theory
- Scott Proctor, pitcher for the Doosan Bears of the Korea Baseball Organization
- Whitney Gaskell, novelist
- Willie Gary, attorney, lives in Sewall's Point and has an office in Stuart
- Zack Mosley, cartoonist and creator of The Adventures of Smilin' Jack
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Florida, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". US Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Johnson, Larry (13 May 2009). "column:Always Learning". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1D.
- "Our Area's History". Stuary/Martin County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "Stuart,Florida's history with tropical systems". Hurricane City. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Cost of Living Calculator". Sperlings Best Places. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "City of StuartCAFR". Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- Audubon of Martin County: Possum Long Nature Center
- City of Stuart Website
- Stuart/Martin County Chamber of Commerce
- Stuart Florida Community
- Stuart, Florida at the Open Directory Project
- 1964 Stuart, Florida, Travelogue by E. W. Dutton