Stuart Island (Washington)

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Stuart
Aerial view of Reid Harbour
South-facing aerial view of Reid Harbour on Stuart Island
San Juans Names.png
Geography
Coordinates 48°40′25″N 123°12′18″W / 48.6736°N 123.2051°W / 48.6736; -123.2051Coordinates: 48°40′25″N 123°12′18″W / 48.6736°N 123.2051°W / 48.6736; -123.2051
Archipelago San Juan Islands
Area 7.462 km2 (2.881 sq mi)
Country
County San Juan
State Washington
Demographics
Population 800 (as of 2000)

Stuart Island is one of the San Juan Islands, north of San Juan Island and west of Waldron Island in the U.S. state of Washington. The 7.462-square-kilometer (2.881 sq mi) island is home to two communities of full and part-time residents, a state park, a one-room schoolhouse, and two airstrips (Stuart Island Airstrip - 7WA5 with a 2,000-foot (610 m) grass runway,[1] and Stuart Island West - 2WA3 with a 1,560-foot (475 m) dirt runway[2]).

The 2000 census (erroneously) reported a population of 800 permanent residents.[3]

Facilities[edit]

Two sites, both part of Stuart Island State Park,[4] are on public lands. One is located near the center of the island, and another in on the western coast, the site of the Turn Point Light Station,[5] a lighthouse guiding shipping in the busy waters of Boundary Pass to the island's north. Turn Point Light Station is on land administered by the Bureau of Land Management's Spokane District, Wenatchee Resource Area, Lopez Island Office.[6]

The lighthouse and nearby "Lover's Leap" are popular hiking destinations accessible by county road.[citation needed] Sheltered anchorages for boaters can be found in Reid Harbor and Prevost Harbor, with public state park facilities in each.

There are no stores or other public commercial establishments on the island, aside from a wooden box, stocked by a local family with printed T-shirts and other souvenir items; each souvenir comes with an envelope through which visitors return payment by mail, based on an honor system.[citation needed] The local schoolhouse closed in fall of 2007 due to lack of students, but reopened in 2008 with two students.

Stuart Island Airpark (foreground) lies on the western shore of Prevost Harbor across from Satellite Island

Satellite Island, which lies in Prevost Harbor on the northeast side of the island, is used by YMCA Camp Orkila as a basecamp for teen expeditions and for field trips by campers. Prevost Harbor is named for James Charles Prevost, captain of the HMS Satellite. Nearby Prevost Island in British Columbia is also named after Prevost, while Satellite Island is named after his ship.[7]

Panorama showing typical views from Turn Point.

History[edit]

Stuart Island was named by Charles Wilkes during the Wilkes Expedition of 1838–42, to honor Frederick D. Stuart, the captain's clerk of the expedition.[8]

Map showing Stuart Island's location at the junction of Haro Strait and Boundary Pass.

References[edit]

  1. ^ AirNav
  2. ^ AirNav
  3. ^ Stuart Island: Blocks 4007 thru 4009 and 4011 thru 4014, Census Tract 9603, San Juan County, Washington United States Census Bureau
  4. ^ Stuart Island State Park from the official tourism website of the State of Washington
  5. ^ Turn Point Lighthouse from the official tourism website of the State of Washington
  6. ^ "Turn Point Light Station Improvements". Spokane District Office Planning. Bureau of Land Management. July 21, 2008. 
  7. ^ Linda Burback (May 26, 2005). "Daily Expedition Reports, May 26, 2005, from the Sea Bird in Alaska - Stuart Island". Retrieved June 7, 2009. 
  8. ^ Phillips, James W. (1971). Washington State Place Names. University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-95158-3.