Stuart R. Schram
|Stuart Reynolds Schram|
Schram in his office at SOAS, Summer 1989
February 27, 1924|
Excelsior, Minnesota, USA
|Died||July 8, 2012
|Institutions||School of Oriental and African Studies|
|Known for||Study of Chinese politics, and biography of Mao Zedong|
Stuart Reynolds Schram (February 27, 1924 – July 8, 2012) was an American physicist, political scientist and sinologist who specialised in the study of modern Chinese politics. He was particularly well known for his works on the life and thought of Mao Zedong.
Schram was born in Excelsior, Minnesota in 1924. He studied physics at the University of Minnesota, and graduated magna cum laude in 1944. After graduation he was drafted into the US army, and assigned to work on the Manhattan Project in Chicago, as a member of the team responsible for developing of an atomic bomb.
After the end of World War II, influenced by his involvement on the development of the atomic bomb, he decided to change his focus of academic study, and enrolled at Columbia University in New York where he studied for a PhD in political science. He went to France to carry out research for his dissertation on the political behavior of French Protestants, and after receiving his PhD he moved to France. From 1954 to 1967 he carried out research at the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques in Paris.
During the late 1950s he turned his attention to Chinese politics, and started to learn Chinese so that he could base his research on the primary sources. He focused his research on Chairman Mao, and by 1963 he had completed a book on the Political Thought of Mao Tse-tung. In 1966 Penguin Books published his seminal biography of Mao.
In 1967 he accepted a position as Professor of Politics with reference to China at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London, England. He founded, and was the first director of, the Contemporary China Institute at SOAS.
In 1989 he retired from his position at SOAS, and moved back to America. At the invitation of Roderick MacFarquhar, Director of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University, he started work on the translation and editing of a ten-volume collection of the revolutionary writings of Mao Zedong, seven volumes of which were published before his death.
- 1954. Protestantism and Politics in France. Corbiére & Jugain.
- 1966. Mao Tse-tung. Penguin Books.
- 1967. trans. Mao Tse-Tung: Basic Tactics. Pall Mall Press.
- 1969. The Political Thought of Mao Tse-tung. Praeger.
- 1974. Mao Tse-tung Unrehearsed. Penguin Books. ISBN 9780140217865
- 1975. Chairman Mao Talks to the People: Talks and Letters: 1956–1971. Pantheon Books. ISBN 9780394706412
- 1983. Mao Zedong: a Preliminary Reassessment. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press. ISBN 9789622013032
- 1985. ed. The Scope of State Power in China. School of Oriental and African Studies. ISBN 9780728601222
- 1989. The Thought of Mao Tse-Tung. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521310628
- 1992–. With Nancy Jane Hodes. Mao's Road to Power: Revolutionary Writings 1912-1949. New York: M. E. Sharpe.
- 1992. Volume I: The Pre-Marxist Period, 1912–1920. ISBN 9781563244575
- 1992. Volume II: National revolution and social revolution, December 1920–June 1927. ISBN 9781563244308
- 1995. Volume III: From the Jinggangshan to the establishment of the Jiangxi Soviets, July 1927–December 1930. ISBN 9781563244391
- 1997. Volume IV: The Rise and Fall of the Chinese Soviet Republic, 1931–1934. ISBN 9781563248917
- 1998. Volume V: Toward the Second United Front, January 1935–July 1937. ISBN 9780765603494
- 2004. Volume VI: The New Stage, August 1937–1938. ISBN 9780765607935
- 2005. Volume VII: New Democracy, 1939–1941 . ISBN 9780765607942
- "Commencement Exercises Winter Quarter 1944". University of Minnesota. 1944.
- Yardley, William (July, 21 2012). "Stuart R. Schram, Nuclear Physicist and Mao Scholar, Dies at 88". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
- Schram, Stuart R.; Hodes, Nancy Jane (1992). Mao's Road to Power: From the Jinggangshan to the establishment of the Jiangxi Soviets, July 1927-December 1930. M. E. Sharpe. p. 772. ISBN 9781563248917.