Stuart S. Murray
|Stuart Shadrick Murray|
March 22, 1898|
|Died||19 September 1980(aged 82)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1919–1956|
|Commands held||USS Missouri
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Legion of Merit|
Stuart Shadrick Murray (22 March 1898–19 September 1980) was a Vice Admiral of the United States Navy who served during World War II. Born in Delia, Texas he graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1919. In the 1920s, Murray was involved in constructing the submarine base at Pearl Harbor.
As ComSubDiv 15, in October 1941, he was assigned to Manila, home of the Asiatic Fleet. Along with Joseph Connolly's SubDiv 16, Murray's division made up Submarine Squadron 2 (SubRon2), under ComSubAsia Captain Walter Doyle (nicknamed "Red") in Holland, who answered to Admiral Thomas C. Hart. They comprised the entirety of the brand-new Salmon class.
When the Japanese attacked the Philippines, Wilkes (who ended up being "special adviser" to Doyle, who had no experience in Asia), his chief of staff, Jimmy Fife, and Murray warned their skippers to be cautious. The initial plan, to rely on information from General Lewis Brereton's B-17s, went to pieces the first day, when General MacArthur failed to preserve them from Japanese attack. Murray was not aided by the abysmal performance of the Mark 14 torpedo, either.
On Christmas Day 1941, Murray moved into quarters in the tunnels of Corregidor with all of ComSubAsia's top staff (him, Fife, Wilkes, and Doyle, everyone who had not fled with Canopus and equipment (one typewriter and a radio receiver). As the defeat became evident, Wilkes ordered all submarine crewmen out; on 1 January 1942, Murray boarded Chet Smith's Swordfish with Wilkes and others, to join Hart in Soerabaja.
After fleeing the Philippines, Hart pulled Murray's boats back to Fremantle (in keeping with Navy Department instructions), where Murray came under the command of his old boss from SubDiv 13 Charles Lockwood's Task Force 51, becoming chief of staff of SubRon 2, under Jimmy Fife (also one of Lockwood's old Division 13 skippers).
With the death of Robert H. English, Lockwood was named ComSubPac in his stead, taking Murray as his Chief of Staff (replacing John Griggs), over the objections of "Chips" Carpender, ComSubSoWestPac.
- Blair, Clay, Jr. Silent Victory (New York: Bantam, 1976), p.1044.
- "The National Museum of the Pacific War: Volunteer Programs". nimitz-museum.org. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
- Blair, p.82.
- Blair, p.82 & fn.
- Blair, p.131.
- Blair, p.135.
- Blair, p.153.
- There was not space for much more, even if they had had any. Blair, p.153.
- Smith was a plankowner, and had scored one of only three confirmed sinkings of the Asiatic Fleet's submarines in this period. Blair, p.15.
- Blair, p.155.
- Blair, p.273-4.
- Blair, p.130.
- Blair, p.282.
- Blair, p.274.
- Blair, p.368.
- Blair, p.367.
- Blair, p.548.
- His place was taken by Merrill Comstock, who had commissioned Cachalot. Blair, p.549.
- Blair, p.872.
- Blair, p.892.
- Blair, p.881.
- Blair, Clay, Jr. Silent Victory. New York: Bantam, 1976 (reprints Lippincott 1975 edition). ISBN 0-553-01050-6.