Stuart period

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Stuart period
1603–1714

James VI of Scotland inherited the throne of England upon the death of Queen Elizabeth, becoming James I of England and founding the Stuart period.

Preceded by   Elizabethan era
Including
Followed by   Georgian era
Monarch

The Stuart period of British history usually refers to the period between 1603 and 1714 and sometimes from 1371 in Scotland. This coincides with the rule of the House of Stuart, whose first monarch was James VI of Scotland. The period ended with the death of Queen Anne and the accession of George I from the House of Hanover. The Stuart period was plagued by internal and religious strife.

Significant events of the period[edit]

English civil war - War of the Three Kingdoms[edit]

St. James Day (4-8-1666) : English v. Dutch
Queen Anne : War of the Spanish Succession

The English Civil War(s) took place during the reign of Charles I, the second Stuart monarch. The war ended in victory for the Parliamentarians. Charles was executed in 1649.

After this conflict, the line of Stuart monarchs was temporarily displaced by the Commonwealth of England. Their rule lasted from 1649 to 1660. Oliver Cromwell ruled directly from 1653 to 1659. After Cromwell's death the Commonwealth fell apart. The Convention Parliament welcomed Charles II, son of Charles I, to return from exile and become king. This event was known as the English Restoration.

Anglo Dutch Wars[edit]

The Anglo-Dutch Wars were a series of three wars which took place between the English and the Dutch from 1652 to 1674. English defeats forced Charles II to sign for peace and led to Dutch domination of sea trading routes until 1713.[1]

Popish Plot[edit]

The Popish Plot (1678) was an alleged Catholic conspiracy concerning a fictitious manuscript which accused the Roman Catholic Church of approving an assassination of Charles II. The plot led to anti-Catholic hysteria in England and the executions of approximately 35 innocent people.[2]

Timeline[edit]

1603-1625
Jacobean Era
1625-1642
Caroline Era
1642-1651
English Civil War
1651-1660
English Interregnum
1660
Restoration of Charles II
1688
Glorious revolution

Monarchs[edit]


Stuart Kings and Queens (1603-1714)
James I Charles I  Charles II James II Mary II William III Anne

 James I  Charles I  Charles II  James II   Mary II  William III Anne

The House of Stuart produced six English monarchs who ruled during this period.

The early Stuarts.

The late Stuarts.

See also[edit]

Tudors

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dutch War." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD. ok[Accessed May 1, 2008].
  2. ^ "Popish Plot."Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD .[Accessed May 1, 2008].
House of Stuart
Preceded by
House of Bruce
Ruling house of the Kingdom of Scotland
1371–1649
Vacant
Preceded by
House of Tudor
Ruling house of the Kingdom of England
1603–1649
Vacant
Vacant Ruling house of the Kingdom of Scotland
1660–1707
Titles merged by the
Acts of Union 1707
Vacant Ruling house of the Kingdom of England
1660–1707
New title
England and Scotland united
Ruling house of the Kingdom of Great Britain
1606–1714
Succeeded by
House of Hanover