A 2003 study on the success of female physics majors found that the existence of a well-maintained student lounge was a marker of high success rates. Several studies conducted regarding gossip patterns have chosen the student lounge as an excellent choice for an unregulated environment. It has been noted that distance-learning courses should strive to provide a similar environment for casual conversation.
^Howard, W; WD Crano (1974). "Effects of Sex, Conversation, Location, and Size of Observer Group on Bystander Intervention in a High Risk Situation". Sociometry37 (4): 491–507. doi:10.2307/2786423. JSTOR2786423.Cite uses deprecated parameters (help)
^Levin, J; A Arluke (February 1985). "An exploratory analysis of sex differences in gossip". Sex Roles12 (3–4): 281. doi:10.1007/BF00287594.Cite uses deprecated parameters (help)
^CAMPBELL LEAPERAND, HEITHRE HOLLIDAY (1995) Gossip in same-gender and cross-gender friends' conversations Personal Relationships 2 (3) , 237–246.