A 2003 study on the success of female physics majors found that the existence of a well-maintained student lounge was a marker of high success rates. Several studies conducted regarding gossip patterns have chosen the student lounge as an excellent choice for an unregulated environment. It has been noted that distance-learning courses should strive to provide a similar environment for casual conversation.
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^Levin, J; A Arluke (February 1985). "An exploratory analysis of sex differences in gossip". Sex Roles12 (3–4): 281. doi:10.1007/BF00287594.
^CAMPBELL LEAPERAND, HEITHRE HOLLIDAY (1995) Gossip in same-gender and cross-gender friends' conversations Personal Relationships 2 (3) , 237–246.