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Student protest encompasses a wide range of activities that indicate student dissatisfaction with a given political or academic issue and mobilization to communicate this dissatisfaction to the authorities (university or civil or both) and society in general and hopefully remedy the problem. Protest forms include but are not limited to: sit-ins, occupations of university offices or buildings, strikes etc. More extreme forms include suicide such as the case of Jan Palach's and Jan Zajíc's protests against the end of the Prague Spring and Kostas Georgakis' protest against the Greek military junta of 1967–1974.
A common tactic of student protest is to go on strike (sometimes called a boycott of classes). This occurs when students enrolled at a teaching institution such as a school, college or university refuse to go to class. It is meant to resemble strike action by organized labour. It is often used as a negotiating tactic in order to put pressure on the governing body of the university, particularly in countries where education is free, and the government cannot afford to have a student cohort miss an entire year. This can cause an overload of students in one academic term and the absence of an entire class in the following term.
In the West, student strikes date to the early days of universities in the Middle Ages, with one of the earliest and most significant being the University of Paris strike of 1229, which lasted 2 years and yielded significant concessions. In more recent times, significant walkouts occurred in the late 1960s and early 1970s – the French May 1968 uprisings began as a series of student strikes. The largest student strike/boycott in American history occurred in May and June 1970, in the aftermath of the American invasion of Cambodia and the killings of student protesters at Kent State University in Ohio. An estimated four million students at more than 450 universities, colleges and high schools participated in the Student Strike of 1970.
The term "student strike" has been criticized as inaccurate by some unions and commentators in the news media. These groups have indicated that they believe the term boycott is more accurate.
- 2012 Quebec student protests
- 2012 Valencia student protests
- 2011 student protests in Chile
- 2010 University of Puerto Rico Strike
- 2010 UK student protests
- 2007 Dutch pupil strike
- 2006 student protests in Chile
- 2006 student uprising in Iran
- 2005 Quebec student protests
- Iran student protests, July 1999
- 1996–1997 protests in Serbia
- 1996 Quebec student protests
- Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989
- Athens Polytechnic uprising – Greece
- Student Strike of 1970 – United States
- May 1968 uprisings – France
- 1964-65 U.C. Berkeley Free Speech Movement
- East L.A. walkouts
- 1968 protests in Poland
- Bucharest student movement of 1956
- The Great Butter Rebellion
- University of Paris strike of 1229 – France
- Director: Joe Angio (2007-02-15). Nixon a Presidency Revealed (television). History Channel.
- Todd Gitlin, The Sixties, New York: Bantam Books, 1987, p. 410.
- "CUPFA Response to Student Class Boycott: March 3, 2012". Concordia University Part Time Faculty Associtation. 2012-03-03. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- Deck, Larry (2012-04-15). "Student "Strike" Is Losing Steam". Le Québécois Libre (299). ISSN 1707-0309.
- "BBC News - Spain protest over riot police beatings in Valencia". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- "Thousands take to Valencia streets in protest against police violence and education cuts | In English | EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- "Spanish police clash violently with students: "I don’t understand how the situation degenerated so fast" | The FRANCE 24 Observers". Observers.france24.com. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- Bloodiest Student Protests - slideshow by Life magazine