Studies on Hysteria

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Studies on Hysteria (German: Studien über Hysterie) is a book by Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer, first published in 1895. It contains a number of Breuer and Freud's case studies of "hysterics". It includes one of their most famous cases, Breuer's Anna O. (real name: Bertha Pappenheim), which introduced the technique of psychoanalysis as a form of cure. At the time of its release, Studies on Hysteria was not well received by the European medical community. It was not until years later that psychoanalysis was recognized as a legitimate psychiatric tool. The book presents two different viewpoints: a neurophysiologic and a psychological cause for hysteria. Breuer describes the causes of hysteria by supporting a neurophysiologic cause, while Freud uses a psychological standpoint.

Although Freud has been associated with (and is indeed responsible for) much of the notoriety surrounding psychoanalysis and its rise to acceptance in Europe as well as the United States, Freud himself credits the birth of psychoanalysis to Josef Breuer and his work with Bertha Pappenheim. Breuer died before it received full acclaim.


  • Breuer, Joseph – Freud, Sigmund: Studies in Hysteria. Authorized Translation with an Introduction by A. A. Brill. (Nervous and Mental Disease Monograph Series No. 61.) Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing, New York 1937.
  • Breuer, Josef – Freud, Sigmund: Studies on Hysteria. Translated from the German and edited by James Strachey. (The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. II.) Hogarth Press, London 1955.
  • Freud, Sigmund – Breuer, Joseph: Studies in Hysteria. Translated by Nicola Luckhurst, with an Introduction by Rachel Bowlby. Penguin Books, London 2004. ISBN 978-0-141-18482-1

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