Sturmmann

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An SS-Sturmmann serving in the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp.
SS-Sturmmann Gerardus Mooyman

Sturmmann (English: stormtrooper) was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank that was first created in the year 1921. The rank of Sturmmann was used by the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the Schutzstaffel (SS).

The word originated during World War I when Sturmmann was a position held by soldiers in German pioneer assault companies, also known as "shock troops".

Creation[edit]

Following the defeat of Germany in 1918, Sturmmann became a paramilitary rank of the Freikorps, violent groups of military veterans who opposed Germany’s loss of World War I and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles.

In 1921, Sturmmann became a paramilitary title of the Nazi Party's private army, the Sturmabteilung (SA or "Assault Detachment").[1] Sturmmann would eventually become a basic paramilitary rank of almost every Nazi organization, but is most closely associated as an SA rank and as a rank of the SS.

The rank of Sturmmann was bestowed upon those members of the SA and SS who had served for six months in the organization and had demonstrated basic abilities and competence.[2]

Use[edit]

Sturmmann was senior to the rank of Mann, except in the Allgemeine-SS where a junior rank of SS-Obermann was created and used from 1942 to 1945.[3] In organizations which did not use the rank of Mann (such as the National Socialist Motor Corps), the rank of Sturmmann was the equivalent of a private and wore a blank collar patch with no insignia.[4]

Within the Waffen-SS, a SS-Sturmmann was senior to an SS-Oberschütze.[2][3]

The rank of Sturmmann was junior, in both the SS and SA, to the rank of Rottenführer.[1][3] The insignia for Sturmmann consisted of a bare collar patch with a single silver stripe.[4] The field grey uniforms of the Waffen-SS also displayed the sleeve chevron of a Gefreiter.

Insignia of rank SS-Sturmmann of the Waffen-SS

Post-war use[edit]

The term and rank has not been used in Germany since World War II.

See also[edit]

Junior rank
SS-Mann
Rank Allgemeine SS
SS-Sturmmann
Senior rank
SS-Rottenführer
Junior ranks
SS-Oberschütze
SS-Schütze
Rank Waffen-SS
SS-Sturmmann
Senior rank
SS-Rottenführer
Junior rank
SA-Mann
SA rank
SA-Sturmmann
Senior rank
SA-Rottenführer
Junior rank
Oberschütze
Soldat
Rank Wehrmacht (Heer)
Gefreiter
Senior rank
Obergefreiter[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b McNab (II) 2009, p. 15.
  2. ^ a b Lumsden 2000, p. 109.
  3. ^ a b c d McNab 2009, p. 30.
  4. ^ a b Flaherty 2004, p. 148.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1 84447 073 3. 
  • Lumsden, Robin (2000). A Collector's Guide To: The Waffen–SS. Ian Allan Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-7110-2285-2. 
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 1906626499. 
  • McNab (II), Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.