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Stuttgart Ballet was the first major German ballet company. It rose to fame in the 1960s under the direction of its founder, the South African born British dancer John Cranko. The company, which is renowned for presentations of full-length narrative ballets including Romeo and Juliet, Onegin, The Taming of the Shrew, John Neumeier's Die Kameliendame and Streetcar Named Desire, continues to be defined critically as one of the world's best ballet theatres for its combination of classical, story and new modern ballets.  The choreologist Georgette Tsinguirides has recorded all major ballets by Cranko and MacMillan ballets in Benesh Movement Notation and has been teaching these works several generations of ballet companies internationally.
The modern Stuttgart Ballet evolved from the royal ballet resident at the court of the Duke of Württemberg as early as 1609. Previous directors include Glen Tetley and Marcia Haydée. Reid Anderson has been the artistic director since 1996. Stuttgart Ballet is known for its enthusiastic and knowledgeable audiences and performs in the Stuttgart Opera House and (slightly smaller) playhouse. The company is recognised all over the world and is regularly invited to perform on the most distinguished stages, giving approximately twenty shows a season across a variety of countries.