Underwater Offence Group Command
|Underwater Offence Group Command
Sualtı Taarruz Grup Komutanığı
Logo of SAT
|Allegiance||Turkish Armed Forces|
|Branch||Turkish Naval Forces|
Underwater Offence Group Command (Turkish: Sualtı Taarruz Grup Komutanlığı) or Underwater Offence (Turkish: Sualtı Taarruz) simply SAT is one of two special operations units of the Turkish Navy, based in the Foça Naval Base near İzmir, on the Aegean coast of Turkey.
The missions of the Amphibious Assault Su Altı Taarruz (SAT) include the acquisition of military intelligence, amphibious assault, counter-terrorism and VIP protection. They are trained and organized in a similar way to the U.S. Navy Seals who have close training relationships with them.
The first S.A.T. and S.A.S. units were established in 1963 in the city of Iskenderun, The original name of the S.A.T. unit was Su Altı Komando (S.A.K.) ("Underwater Commandos"), while the original name of the S.A.S. unit was Su Altı Müdafaa (S.A.M.) ("Underwater Defense"), and they were bound to the Kurtarma ve Sualtı Komutanlığı (K.S.K.), or Rescue and Underwater Command. In 1974 the S.A.T. and S.A.S. group commands became bound to the Turkish Navy's General Command, and participated in the Turkish military landing in Cyprus later that year. They have conducted the beach reconnaissance mission prior to the amphibious landing of the Turkish Armed Forces at Pentamili beach near Kyrnia (20 July 1974). Other publicised operations of S.A.T. commandos are as follows; - Counter Narcotics Operation (1993): Oppose boarding and detention of the M/V Lucky-S carrying 11 tons heroin. M/V Lucky-S detained at international waters before ship's crew able to sunk her and brought to Turkey for legal action. - MV Avrasya hijack (1996): On 16 January 1996, Avrasaya was hijacked at Trabzon, Turkey by six Turkish citizens descended from the Caucasus and two Chechen and one Abkhaz, led by Abkhaz Muhammed Tokcan. There were 45 crew and 120 passengers on board at the time. S.A.T. commandos prepared and deployed on scene for a hostage rescue mission but after the negotiations the hijacking ended without any further operations. - Kardak (Imia) Crisis (1996): Undetected infiltration to the disputed island protected by Hellenic Navy. The operational success of S.A.T. commandos had shocked the Greek political and military ranks and later forced Greece to step down and return to status quo antes. - Kartepe hijack (2011): A small ferry named Kartepe hijacked by a Kurdish terrorist carrying IED with 24 crew and passangers. After the fail of the negotiations S.A.T. commandos stormed the ferry and killed the lone hijacker, secure the IED and rescue the all 24 hostages unhurt.
Their main tasks are:
- Surveillance on enemy structures, facilities, defense systems or strategically relevant buildings.
- Covert sabotage against naval units and/or enemy structures.
- Covert landing and infiltration.
- Reconnaissance on beaches being considered for amphibious landing operations.
- Determining secure landing paths.
- Underwater recon within 2.5 m deep water/beach corridors.
- Direct action during first wave of landing missions.
- Hostage/POW/downed pilot rescue.
- Counter-terrorism missions.
- Close Quarter Combat.
The training period of the Turkish Naval Special Forces, which lasts 49 weeks, is shorter than that of the OKK. It starts off with a 5-week-long Indoctrination period, followed by three consecutive training phases, and then Airborne Training and Special Ops Training.
Training and Duration:
- BUD/S: Indoctrination Period – 5 weeks Phase I (Basic conditioning + Hell Week) – 9 weeks
- Phase II (Diving) – 8 weeks
- Phase III (Land Warfare) – 9 weeks
- Post BUD/S:
- Airborne Training – 3 weeks
- Special Ops Technical Training – 2 weeks
- Medical Training – 30 weeks
- Platoon Training – 18 months
Underwater Offence Group Command's equipment includes:
Rockets & Explosives
A rigid-hull inflatable boat operated by the SAT marines transfers members of a visit, board, search and seizure team to the Military Sealift Command maritime prepositioning and force container roll-on roll-off and tanker USNS LCPL Roy H. Wheat (T-AK 3016) during the at sea portion of exercise Phoenix Express (PE 10).
- "Su Alti Taaruz (SAT)". Shadow Spear. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Sualtı Taarruz Komutanlığı". Özel Kuvvetler. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
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