Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China
This article is part of the series:
History of the political divisions of China
A sub-provincial division (simplified Chinese: 副省级行政区; traditional Chinese: 副省級行政區; pinyin: fùshĕngjí chéngshì) (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China, is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.
Sub-provincial divisions, similar to prefectural-level divisions, an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area, and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages.
The mayor or chairman of a sub-provincial division is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked as same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.
Map of sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China
The original 16 cities were renamed as sub-provincial cities on 25 February 1994 by the Central Organization Committee out of prefecture-level cities. They are mostly the capitals of the provinces in which they are located.
Currently, there are 15 sub-provincial cities:
Chongqing was formerly a sub-provincial city of Sichuan until 1997, when it was made a municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps also has the powers of a sub-provincial city.
Guangzhou, Harbin and Chengdu are the largest sub-provincial cities; each has a population exceeding that of the independent municipality of Tianjin while, both Harbin and Chengdu have a bigger area then Tianjin.
Sub-provincial new areas
|Division name||Hanzi (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Municipality||Symbol||Region||Population (2010 Census)||Date of designation||Subdivision|
|Binhai New Area||滨海新区||Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū||Tianjin||滨||North||2,482,065||2009||19 Subdistricts & 7 towns (11 special township-level zones)|
|Pudong New Area||浦东新区||Pǔdōng Xīn Qū||Shanghai||浦||East||5,044,430||1992||13 Subdistricts & 25 towns (6 special township-level zones)|
Sub-provincial autonomous prefecture
|Division name||Hanzi (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Province||Symbol||Region||Population (2010 Census)||Date of designation||Subdivision|
|Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture||伊犁哈萨克自治州||Yīlí Hāsàkè Zìzhìzhōu||Xinjiang||伊犁||Northwest||4,305,119||1979||(2 prefectures) 5 county cities, 17 counties & 2 autonomous counties|
Sub-provincial Municipal Conference
The National Standing Committee of Sub-provincial Municipal People's Congresses' Chairmen Joint Conference (全国副省级城市人大常委会主任联席会议) are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:
- Guangzhou (26 February – 4 March 1985)
- Harbin (27–31 August 1985)
- Wuhan (20–24 May 1986)
- Dalian (10–14 August 1987)
- Xi'an (9–13 September 1988)
- Shenyang (13–17 August 1990)
- Chongqing (22–26 November 1991)
- Qingdao (3–7 May 1992)
- Shenzhen (25–28 October 1993)
- Nanjing (1–4 November 1994)
- Changchun (21–24 May 1995)
- Hangzhou (20–24 October 1996)
- Jinan (19–25 October 1997)
- Xiamen (12–16 October 1998)
- Ningbo (17–20 October 1999)
- Chengdu (10–13 October 2000)
- Guangzhou (30 October - 3 November 2001)
- Harbin (23–26 July 2002)
- Wuhan (8–12 October 2003)
- Shenyang (31 August - 6 September 2004)
- Qingdao (6–8 September 2005)
- Shenzhen (20–23 October 2006)
- Dalian (14–16 August 2007)
- Xi'an (13–16 April 2009)
- Nanjing (18–20 October 2010)
- Changchun (22–25 August 2011)
- 薛宏莉 (2008-05-07). "15个副省级城市中 哈尔滨市房价涨幅排列第五名" [Prices rose in 15 sub-provincial cities, Harbin ranked fifth]. 哈尔滨地产 (in Chinese). Sohu. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual municipality articles.