Subalpine forest

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Subalpine forest is a vegetation type generally found in the Subalpine zone, typically above an upper montane forest in the upper montane zone, and below the alpine zone.[1][2]

Rocky Mountains[edit]

Sierra Nevada[edit]

Subalpine forest in the Sierra Nevada range is characterized by an overstory of white bark pine, lodgepole pine, mountain hemlock, and an understory of shrubs including white heather and red heather.[2]


  1. ^ Plant Communities of the Pike and San Isabel National Forests in South-Central Colorado, USDA Forest Service, David C. Powell; Forest Silviculturist, Sept. 2011, [1]
  2. ^ a b Sierra Nevada Wildflowers, Karen Wiese, 2nd E., 2013, p. 17