Subarnapur district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Subarnapur.
Subarnapur
District
Nickname(s): City of Temples & Crafts
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°51′N 83°54′E / 20.85°N 83.9°E / 20.85; 83.9Coordinates: 20°51′N 83°54′E / 20.85°N 83.9°E / 20.85; 83.9
Country  India
State Odisha
Region Western Odisha
Established April 1st, 1993
Headquarters Subarnapur
Government
 • Collector R. P. Singh
 • Member of Parliament Kalikesh Narayan Singh Deo, BJD
Area
 • Total 2,284.4 km2 (882.0 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 541,835
 • Density 231/km2 (600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Oriya, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 767 xxx
Telephone code +91 665x
Vehicle registration OD 31
Nearest city Balangir
Sex ratio 1000:966 /
Literacy 64.07%
Lok Sabha constituency Bolangir
Vidhan Sabha constituency 2, (Sonepur, Birmaharajpur)
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,443.5 millimetres (56.83 in)
Avg. annual temperature 30 °C (86 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 45 °C (113 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 24 °C (75 °F)
Website www.subarnapur.nic.in

Subarnapur District (Oriya: ସୁବର୍ଣ୍ଣପୁର ଜିଲ୍ଲା), also called Sonepur District or Sonapur District, is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. The town of Sonepur is the district headquarters. Many loosely call the people of Sonepur region as Sonepuria.

History[edit]

According to historians the Subarnapur district was known as Paschima Lanka or Western Lanka around 10th-11th centuries.[1][2] The evidence comes from a copper plate charter issued on late of 10th century by a Somavansi prince named Kumara Someswaradeva of Subarnapur district.[3] The Prince had identified himself as the king of Paschima Lanka. It was further found that the Mahada copper plate grant of Kumara Someswaradeva was registered on the bank of river Chitrotpala (Mahanadi) and near to the province of Lanka. The presiding deity of Paschima Lanka was goddess Lankeswari.[4]

This district earned the name “Subarnapur” during the time of Somavamsi ruler. The district was established in 1993.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Subarnapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Divisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Subarnapur district has a population of 652,107,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro[7] or the US state of Vermont.[8] This gives it a ranking of 512th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 279 inhabitants per square kilometre (720 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.35%.[6] Subarnapur has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 74.42%.[6]

Culture[edit]

Subarnapur District is known for its influentially rich cultural heritage, arts and crafts. For instance, textiles and terracotta of Sonepur, Brass metal works and Philigri crafts of Tarbha and Binka, Stone carving of Ullunda and Paddy crafts of Dunguripali are recognized all over the state and also in country. In addition, the great poet and prophet of Mahima Dharma, Santh Bhima Bhoi was from this district. Besides, Subarnapur area is famous for 'Danda-nata', a religious folk tradition generally performed in the month of Chaitra.[9] Historically Sonepur region was known as Paschima Lanka.

Temple town, Sonepur[edit]

Tourist attraction[edit]

  • Mahima pitha, Khaliapali
  • Metakani Temple, Ullunda
  • Patali Srikhetra, Kotsamlai
  • Papakshya Ghat, Binka
  • Kapileswar temple, Charda
  • Nabagrahakunda
  • Anganadi of Digsira
  • Rameswar Shiva Temple at the Sangam of river Mahanadi and Tel.
  • Lord Swapneshwar Temple, Goudgad of BirmaharajPur Block.
  • Thengo Irigation Project of Birmaharajpur Block. (A VISITORS PARADISE)

Sari[edit]

Eminent Persons[edit]

Education in Subarnapur district[edit]

  • Sri Aurobindo Shikshyakendra, goudgad, po- amarpali

Politics[edit]

This district is a part of Balangir (Lok Sabha constituency).

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 2 Vidhan sabha constituencies[10][11] of Subarnapur district and the elected members[12] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
64 Birmajarajpur SC Ulunda, Birmaharajpur, Binka (NAC), Binika (part) Padmanabh Behera BJD
65 Sonepur None Sonepur, Tarabha, Tarabha (NAC), Sonepur (M), Dunguripali, Binka (part) Niranjan Pujari BJD

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brief History of Sonepur
  2. ^ Web site of Planning Commission of India
  3. ^ Some New Facts About Goddess Samlei
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India, Volume 2
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Vermont 625,741" 
  9. ^ (Pasayat,1994:413-427;2003)
  10. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  11. ^ Seats of Odisha
  12. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013. "MEMBER NAME" 

External links[edit]