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Subay' (Arabic: سبيع‎, also spelled Sbay', Sbei', and Subei) are a Sunni Muslim tribe of central Saudi Arabia. The tribe is of North Arabian (Adnanite) stock, and traces its lineage to the large, ancient tribe of Banu 'Amir, also known as 'Amir ibn Sa'sa'a, who came to dominate Nejd in the medieval period.

At the turn of the 20th century the tribe comprised both nomadic (bedouin) and sedentary sections. The original grazing lands of the tribe's bedouins had been the region of Ranyah and Kurmah, on the border between Nejd and 'Asir. The tribe ended up roaming the areas of central Nejd around Riyadh, along with the closely related tribe of the Suhool. Some sections, though, moved further north, where they later established the town of Rumah.

The sedentary members of the tribe, on the other hand, have mostly resided in Nejd for centuries, a possible legacy of Banu 'Amir's heyday. Families that belong to Subay' can be found in practically every town in the region, making up a disproportianate amount of Nejd's traditional sedentary population.

Like most other tribes in the country, most of Subay's bedouins are now themselves settled in cities such as Riyadh and Dammam, though they are often distinguishable from their sedentary cousins by their use of the tribal appellation "Al Subaie" as their last name.

The tribe was traditionally loyal to the Saudi dynasty in the period leading up to the establishment of modern-day Saudi Arabia.


Subay' Are An Adnanite tribe who are the offsprings of :

Subay' ibn J'adah ibn Ka'ab ibn Rabi'ah ibn Amir ibn Sa'sa'a ibn Mo'awiyah ibn Bakr ibn Hawazin bin Mansour bin Ekrama bin Khafsa bin Qais Ailan ibn Madher ibn Nazar ibn Ma'ad ibn Adnan ibn Add ibn Send [1] ibn Napyot [2] ibn Ishmael [3][3][4] ibn Abraham [5][6][7] ibn Azar [8][9][10] (Terah) ibn Nahoor [11] ibn Srooj [12] ibn Ra'o [13] ibn Phaleg [14] ibn Aber [15] ibn Shaleh [16][17][18] ibn Arpheckshad [19] ibn Sam [20] ibn Noah ibn Lamek [21] ibn Motoshaleh ibn Edres (Enoch) ibn Yared ibn Mehlaiel ibn Qenan ibn Anosh ibn Sheeth ibn Adam


  1. ^ عن موسى بن يعقوب عن عبد الله بن وهب بن زمعة الزمعي عن عمته عن أم سلمة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال معد بن عدنان بن أدد بن زند بن يرى بن أعراق الثرى قالت أم سلمة : فزند هو الهميسع واليرى هو نبت ، وأعراق الثرى هو إسماعيل; لأنه ابن ابراهيم ، وإبراهيم لم تأكله النار كما أن النار لا تأكل الثرى
  2. ^ Book of Genesis 25:12-16
  3. ^ a b Ishmael, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
  4. ^ Azraqi, Akhbar Makkah, vol. 1, pp. 58-66
  5. ^ Abraham, Sarah and Hagar - James D. Brown
  6. ^ Genesis 16:1-6
  7. ^ Qur'an 2:127 to 136
  8. ^ Qur'an 6:74
  9. ^ Islamic view of Abraham
  10. ^ Qur'an 37:99–111
  11. ^ Luke 3:35
  12. ^ Book of Genesis11:20-23
  13. ^ Genesis 11:20
  14. ^ Genesis 10:25
  15. ^ Adamic language
  16. ^ Genesis 10:24
  17. ^ Genesis 11:12-13
  18. ^ Luke 3:36
  19. ^ Book of Genesis 10:22, 24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-18
  20. ^ Sefer haYashar (midrash) Chapter 7:15
  21. ^ Luke 3:37