Subdivisions of Egypt

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The region or markaz consists of a capital city, other cities if they exist, and villages. Today, there are 167 markazes. The Prime Minister of Egypt appoints the chiefs of markazes.


Each governorate contains at least one city.


The district is the smallest local unit in urban communities. However, districts differ from one governorate to another in terms of size, population and political and economic circumstances. In addition to this, districts used to be further divided into subdistrict neighborhoods called sheyakha, which were considered of a better size for efficient delivery of certain services, e.g., vaccination campaigns.


The village is the smallest local unit in rural communities. However, villages differ from each other in terms of the legal status. The chiefs of villages are appointed by the respective governors.