Subramanya, Karnataka

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Subramanya is located in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 12°39′50″N 75°36′55″E / 12.663808°N 75.615361°E / 12.663808; 75.615361Coordinates: 12°39′50″N 75°36′55″E / 12.663808°N 75.615361°E / 12.663808; 75.615361
Country India
State Karnataka
District Dakshina Kannada
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KA-21

Subramanya (Tulu/Kannada: ಸುಬ್ರಹ್ಮಣ್ಯ) is a village located in Sullia Taluk in Dakshina Kannada . The Kukke Subrahmanya Temple is here. It is about a 105 km from Mangalore, connected by train and road. It was originally named "Kukke Pattana".

Pilgrim centre[edit]

Kukke Subramanya Temple

The village is an approach point and resting point for pilgrims visiting the Kukke Subrahmanya Temple in Subrahmanya. The village is surrounded by the Kumaradhara River. There is also the Darpana Theertha, which flows just behind the temple.

The belief is that Vasuki and other snakes took refuge under the god Subrahmanya in the caves at Subramanya. Here Subrahmanya is worshipped as a snake.[1]


According to one myth, after killing the demon rulers, Tharaka and Shurapadmasura, and their followers in a war, Lord Shanmuka reached Kumara parvatha with his brother Ganesh and others. He was received by Indra and his followers. Indra, being very happy, prayed for Lord Kumara swamy to accept and marry his daughter Devasena, to which the Lord readily agreed. The divine marriage took place on Margashira shudha shashti at Kumara parvatha. Gods like Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra and many other deities assembled for the marriage and coronation ceremony of Shanmukha for which waters of several holy rivers were brought. With these waters of Mahabhisheka fell down to form a river which was later known by the popular name Kumaradhara.

The Shiva Bhakta and serpent king Vasuki was performing tapas for years in the Biladwara Caves of Kukke Subrahmanya to avoid the attack of Garuda. Following Lord Shiva's assurance, Shanmuka gave darshan to Vasuki and blessed him that he would stay with his parama bhakta in this place forever. Hence the poojas offered to Vasuki or Nagaraja are nothing but the poojas to Lord Subrahmanya.

Subramanya used to be called Kukke Pattana. In the 'Shankara Vijaya,' Anandagiri observes that Sri Shankaracharya camped here for a few days during his religious expedition (Digvijaya). Shankaracharya referred to this place as 'Bhaje Kukke Lingam' in his 'Subrahmanya Bhujangaprayata Stotram'.

Places to visit[edit]

1. Shree Subrahmanya : Lord Subrahmanya is the main deity of Subrahmanya. While entering the inner quadrangle devotees should remove their shirts and banyans.

2. Kukke Linga : To the west of the inner sanctum there is a cluster of Lingas, known as Kukke Lingas, kept in a basket.

3. Kala Bairava : The shrine of Lord Bairava is situated at the southern side of the inner sanctum.

4. Umamaheshwara : This image can be found in the northeastern side of the main sanctum. The images of Soorya, Ambika, Vishnu and Ganapathi are also found here.

5. Hosoligamma : The shrine of Hosoligamma lies to the southern side of the main sanctum. The images of Soorya, Ambika, Vishnu and Ganapathi are also found here.

6. Sringeri Mutt : This mutt is situated to the northeast of the main sanctum in the outer quadrangle. Chandramauleshwara is the main deity of this temple.

7. Ballalaraya Vigraha : This statue of Ballala King can be found when entering the main temple.

8. Uttaradi Mutt : This Mutt is situated on the northern side of the car street.

9. Adi Subrahmanya : A road on the northern side of the main Gopuram leads to Adi Subrahmanya. 0.25 km of walk will take you to Adi Subrahmanya temple. One can see a Valmmika or anthill in the sanctum where daily poojas are conducted.

10. Kashikatte Ganapathi : This is situated beside the main road towards Kumaradhara about 0.25 km from the main temple. Here temples of Ganapathi and Anjaneya are seen.

11. Biladwara : On the way from the main temple of Kumaradhara there is place called Biladwara which is 0.30 km from the main temple. It is said that Vasuki (Serpentking) lay hiding in this cave to escape from Garude. It is a cave surrounded by a garden.

12. Kumaradhara river (Bathing Ghat) : The river originates from Kumaraparvatha. Its journey links with Nethravathi, a river of Dakshina Kannada district and joins Arabian Sea. As the river flows over the rocks and thick forest areas it is believed to have medicinal powers to cure skin diseases.

13. Darpana Theertha : A tributary of Kumaradhara flows in front of the outer quadrangle of the main temple. It is believed that a mirror (Darpana) and an Akshaya patra (Kopparige with full of gold jewels) happened to come floating down from mountain and the same was collected by temple authority.

14. Sri Subrahmanya Mutt : This Mutt belonging to the Dwaitha tradition, situated to the south east of outer quadrangle of the Temple. It is believed that Sri Madwacharya made his brother Vishnuteerthacharya, his disciple and gave this Mutt. The present sheer of this Mutt is Sri Sri Sri Vidyaprasanna Theertha Swamiji. Now Mutt runs an educational Institution provides value based education at Bilinele. Kukke shri Abhaya Ganapathi Temple, Sri Vanadurga DeviTemple, Somanatha Temple and Samputa Narasimha Temple are also managed by the Mutt.

15. Samputa Narasimha : This Temple is situated in the south eastern side of the main sanctum. It is believed that the image of this God is handed over to Madvacharya by Shree Veda Vyasa. This temple belongs to Shree Subrahmanya Mutt.

16. Vanadurga Devi Temple : This temple lies about 0.50 km away from the main temple, Recently this was renovated by using specially designed red stones on traditional style. Daily poojas are conducted here and devotees offer sevas to Goddess.

17. Kukke Shree Abhaya Mahaganapathi : It is situates on the left side of the main road to Kumaradhara, about 0.45 km from the main temple. It is one of the biggest monolithic statues of Ganapa. It is 21 feet tall. The architecture of the shrine is in Nepali style.

18. Somanatha Temple Agrahara : This ancient temple is situated on the left bank of Kumaradhara. It is 1.5 km far from main temple. This place is also called Panchami Theertha. In this place Swamijis of Shree Subrahmanya Mutt are entombed. About 16 tombs of Swamijis are found here.

19. Basaveshwar Temple Kulkunda : On the way to Mangalore, 2 km from the main temple, you come across the Basaweshwara temple. Idol of Basava kept here in open space.

20. Hari Hareshwara Temple : A small but mythologically significant place of worship, Harihareshwara temple is situated 8 km away from Subrahmanya town. It is the abode of both Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara) A panoramic view of the Western Ghat can be seen if you stand in front of this Temple.

Other Places[edit]

1. Garden near Adi Subrahmanya temple : 0.25 km of walk will take you to a garden maintained by the temple, which is located on the right bank of Darpana Theertha river.

2. Garden near Biladwara : Visitors can reach this garden by walk from temple. It is an ancient cave surrounded by a beautiful garden.

3. Bisile beauty spot : On your way from temple to Dharmasthala you come across a place called Kulkunda, 3 km. from main temple. While reaching this place you have to take a deviation to right towards Sakleshpur of Hassan district. From there you have to proceed 20 km to find thick forest area with splender of Western Ghats.

4. Mathsya Gundi (Yenekal) : About 7 km. from the main temple, in Yenekal village there is a spot where fish live in large number. This part of river is very deep and abounds shoal of huge Mahasheer / Tiger fish.

5. Research Station : Central plantation crops research institute, Kidu. On the way to Uppinangadi, 10 km. away from temple town there is a CPCRI established under central plantation crops research institute in 1972 with an aim to produce genetically superior planting materials of Coconut, Arecanut and Cocca . The centre is both a seed farm and research centre. The farm has 120 acres of land.


There are two routes from where you can trek to this Kumara Parvata (Pushpagiri), one is from Subramanya and another is from Somwarpet. Route from Somwarpet is the shorter one around 8 km and from Subramanya it is around 14 km. The peak is at a height of about 1712m.

Green Route is the famous segment along the Bangalore and Mangalore railway line in India, within the pristine part of Western Ghat mountain ranges often called the trekker's paradise. This is the segment on the railway track from Sakaleshpura to the Kukke Subramanya Road station. This is a unique beautiful spot in the whole railway track because of the dense green forest in which it is situated. This stretch of the track with length about 52+ km has around 50+ tunnels and bridges with length varying from few metres to 0.75 km and height varying from few metres to 200 + meters. The tunnels are absolute terrestrial abyss.


Kukke Subrahmanya can be reached by road from Mangalore, Bangalore, Dharmastala, Mysore etc. KSRTC operates buses on a daily basis from these and other places. The nearest airport is the Mangalore International Airport, at a distance of 115 km. The nearest railway station is Subrahmanya Road (SBHR) railway station on Mangalore-Bangalore railway route, which is 12 km from Kukke Subrahmanya. There is a daily passenger train services from Mangalore, Bangalore.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kukke Subrahmanya Swamy Temple". Retrieved 13 September 2006. 

External links[edit]