Subscription television in Australia
Subscription television in Australia consists of the dominant provider Foxtel offering nearly all Australian channels via cable and satellite TV in capital cities, and mostly the same channels are offered by Austar which is now owned by Foxtel via satellite TV (predominantly) in regional areas only. Smaller competitors offer a subset of channels - with Fetch TV entering the market in 2010 with a subscription service over a few ADSL2+ networks, and TransACT offering TV via its own VDSL, VDSL2 and FTTP/FTTH networks in Canberra and its Neighbourhood Cable network in parts of Victoria. Other providers of Internet television in Australia offer free content or PPV, but don't offer a subscription product. UBI World TV offers a number of ethnic satellite TV and Radio channels nationwide, and other small companies offer some channels via satellite, especially foreign services or free-to-air channels, and some channels are available over the Internet.
|This section requires expansion with: 1993 license auction and 2002 content sharing agreement. (November 2010)|
Galaxy become the first provider to begin operations, launching a MMDS service on 26 January 1995. Originally Premier Sports Network was the only local channel to be fully operational, with Showtime and Encore launching in March. They were later joined in April by TV1, Arena, Max, Red and Quest. A satellite service was launched later in the year.
Galaxy was closed on 20 May 1998. Two weeks later Foxtel significantly boosted its customer base by acquiring Galaxy subscribers from the liquidator of Australis Media and immediately commenced supplying programming to Galaxy's subscribers on an interim basis. In February 1999 Foxtel began offering its own satellite service to new customers.
Following the collapse, ECTV quickly signed a deal with Optus Vision. Less than two months later, it was acquired by Austar, along with its stake in XYZ. Austar replaced the ECTV packages with their own in September.
UBI World TV launched in 2004.
Foxtel commence their HD service in Feb 2009.
- Foxtel and Austar both use the Optus C1 and Optus D3 satellites.
- UBI World TV uses Optus D2 and Intelsat 8.
- The various GlobeCast World TV platform services use PAS 8.
- MySAT uses PAS 8.
- Jadeworld uses PAS 8.
- The various PanGlobal TV platform services use PAS 8.
- Optus Aurora uses Optus C1.
- VAST uses Optus C1.
- TFCDirect! uses PAS 8.
- LBF uses Intelsat 701.
- Pacific Media uses AsiaSat 4.
HFC Cable 
- Foxtel use Telstra's cable in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth.
- Optus use their own cable network in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.
- Austar provide a cable service, again via HFC to Darwin through a cable system partly owned by Austar and the Darwin City Council.
- Neighbourhood Cable (merged with TransACT) provides a TV service over their own cable to Geelong, Ballarat and Mildura.
IPTV / Internet Television 
- FetchTV provides IPTV through the iiNet and Internode Internet networks.
- TransACT's TransTV service (merged with Neighbourhood Cable) uses VDSL over a fibre-to-the-kerb network in some suburbs of the A.C.T.
- Foxtel uses the Internet to provide some extra content to its IQ2 platform. It also offers Foxtel on Xbox, a subset of Foxtel channels via any internet provider 
- Several more companies offer Internet television in Australia with Pay-Per-View offerings or free streaming channels
Defunct Services 
- Austar previously delivered an analogue MMDS service into selected regional areas, however the system was dumped in the late 1990s/early 2000s. Austar also briefly tested a digital MMDS service on the Gold Coast.
- TARBS leased some of Austar's metropolitan licenses for their service.
- ECTV and Galaxy also used MMDS.
- SelecTV used Intelsat 8 until administrators shut the service down in January 2011. 
- Bertolus, Phil (2 February 1995). "AT HOME WITH PAY TV". The Age Green Guide. p. 1. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
- Oliver, Robin (6 March 1997). "Galaxy of stars but light on hard info". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 8. Retrieved 27 December 2009. "In addition to its sports network, already operating, Galaxy trebled the choice on Friday when Showtime, a premium movie channel, and Encore, a movie favourites channel, got under way."
- Wilmoth, Peter (15 April 1997). "Do we really need pay-TV". The Sunday Age. p. 5. Retrieved 27 December 2009. "TV1 channel, the service's fourth channel of the eight planned, which was launched on 2 April"
- Browne, Rachel (22 April 1995). "Galaxy takes knife to fees". The Sun-Herald (Sydney, Australia). p. 23. Retrieved 21 December 2009. "XYZ Entertainment is launching the other four Galaxy channels today. They are a documentary channel Quest, children's and cult TV channel Max, general entertainment channel Arena and music channel Red."
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- Walker, David (14 March 1997). "Ballarat backs new cable roll-out". The Age. p. 3. Retrieved 20 Feb 2010.
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- Simpson, Kirsty (21 May 1998). "Business: Lights out for Galaxy". The Age. p. 1. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
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- Joyce, James (29 May 1998). "Friday Guide: ECT's New Pay-TV Vision". Newcastle Herald. p. 2. Retrieved 30 Apr 2010.
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- Allen, Jodi (28 August 1998). "PayTV Hope Looms On Region's Horizon". Illawarra Mercury. p. 7. Retrieved 30 Apr 2010.
- Manktelow, Nicole (13 March 2001). "Information Technology: ACT Debuts Video On Demand". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 8. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Manktelow, Nicole (7 August 2001). "Information Technology: Mix Of TV Gets Canberra On Cable". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 1. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Downie, Graham (19 December 2007). "TransACT in Vic move". Canberra Times. p. 6.
- Bolt, Cathy (12 April 2006). "$20m float for pay-TV player". The West Australian (Perth, Australia: West Australian Newspapers Limited). p. 58.
- Chessell, James (20 August 2010). "City Beat: Bruce Gordon's SelecTV to make changes". The Australian. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "iiNet to deliver TV over internet". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Associated Press. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- Sinclair, Lara (24 November 2009). "Finance: Fetch locks in TV partners". The Australian. p. 21. Retrieved 13 Apr 2010.
- http://www.cnet.com.au/foxtel-on-xbox-360-channels-pricing-announced-339306661.htm Foxtel on Xbox 360 Pricing Announced
- "Time called on WIN’s pay TV company". The Spy Report (Media Spy). Retrieved 2 March 2011.
See also