The "Subversive Proposal" was an Internet posting by Stevan Harnad on June 27 1994 (presented orally at the 1994 Network Services Conference in London on November 28, 1994) calling on all authors of "esoteric" writings—written only for research impact, not for royalty income—to archive them free for all online (in anonymous FTP archives or websites). It initiated a series of online exchanges, many of which were collected and published as a book in 1995. This led to the creation in 1997 of Cogprints, an open access archive for self-archived articles in the cognitive sciences and in 1998 to the creation of the American Scientist Open Access Forum (initially called the "September98 Forum" until the founding of the Budapest Open Access Initiative which first coined the term "Open Access"). The GNU Eprints software for creating OAI-compliant open access institutional repositories also evolved out of the Subversive Proposal.
The "Subversive Proposal" was in many ways naive and had many flaws, corrected one by one along the way, and summarized in the American Scientist Open Access Forum on its 10th anniversary. A retrospective was written by Richard Poynder. A self-critique was posted on its 15th anniversary in 2009.
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- Ann Shumelda Okerson & James J. O'Donnell (Eds.) Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Washington, DC., Association of Research Libraries, June 1995.
- Archives of SEPTEMBER98-FORUM@LISTSERVER.SIGMAXI.ORG. American Scientist Open Access Forum.
- "June 27, 2004: The 1994 'Subversive Proposal' at 10"
- "Ten Years After" Information Today 21(9) October 1, 2004.
- "The 1994 'Subversive Proposal' at 15: A Critique"
- Harnad, Stevan (1995)
- (2001/2003/2004) For Whom the Gate Tolls? Published as:
- (2003) Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research Through Author/Institution Self-Archiving: Maximizing Research Impact by Maximizing Online Access. In: Law, Derek & Judith Andrews, Eds. Digital Libraries: Policy Planning and Practice. Ashgate Publishing 2003.
- (2003) Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 49: 337–342.
- (2004) Historical Social Research (HSR) 29:1
- (2003) Ciélographie et ciélolexie: Anomalie post-gutenbergienne et comment la résoudre in: Origgi, G. & Arikha, N. (eds) Le texte à l'heure de l'Internet. Bibliothèque Centre Pompidou: Pp. 77–103.
- Okerson, Ann Shumelda & O'Donnell, James J. (1995) (Eds.) Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Washington, DC., Association of Research Libraries, June 1995.
- Suber, Peter Timeline of the Open Access Movement