Succasunna, New Jersey

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Succasunna, New Jersey
CDP
Map of former Succasunna-Kenvil CDP in Morris County. Inset: Location of Morris County in New Jersey.
Map of former Succasunna-Kenvil CDP in Morris County. Inset: Location of Morris County in New Jersey.
Coordinates: 40°51′04″N 74°39′30″W / 40.851023°N 74.658201°W / 40.851023; -74.658201Coordinates: 40°51′04″N 74°39′30″W / 40.851023°N 74.658201°W / 40.851023; -74.658201
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
Township Roxbury
Area[1]
 • Total 5.187 sq mi (13.435 km2)
 • Land 5.128 sq mi (13.282 km2)
 • Water 0.059 sq mi (0.153 km2)  1.14%
Elevation[2] 751 ft (229 m)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
 • Total 9,152
 • Density 1,784.6/sq mi (689.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
FIPS code 3471370[4][1]
GNIS feature ID 02584032[5][1]

Succasunna is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Roxbury Township, in Morris County, New Jersey, United States, that had been part of the Succasunna-Kenvil CDP as part of the 2000 United States Census, at which time the population of the combined was 12,569.[6] For the 2010 Census, the area was split into two CDPs, Succasunna (with a 2010 Census population of 9,152[3]) and Kenvil (3,009 as of 2010[3]).[7][8][9]

History[edit]

The name of Succasunna comes from the Lenni-Lenape Native American word for "Black Rock", most likely due to the rich iron-ore deposits in the area. The community was established circa 1740.

The Morris Canal, although not in use today, was an important transportation link in the iron industry around Succasunna, carrying coal to iron-ore producing areas all over northern New Jersey. The canal was abandoned in 1924 and largely dismantled.

Succasunna is the site of the world's first electronic switching public telephone exchange. Western Electric Model ESS-1 Serial Number 1 New Jersey Bell 584 telephone exchange went live on May 30, 1965. A commemorative plaque on the wall of the central office building notes this historic event.[10]

U.S. Route 46 and Route 10 pass through the area. The Morristown and Erie Railway runs rail freight service through the area 2-5 times per week on its High Bridge Branch.

Geography[edit]

Succasunna is located at 40°51′04″N 74°39′30″W / 40.851023°N 74.658201°W / 40.851023; -74.658201 (40.851023,-74.658201). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 5.187 square miles (13.435 km2), of which, 5.128 square miles (13.282 km2) of it is land and 0.059 square miles (0.153 km2) of it (1.14%) is water.[11][1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
2010 9,152
Population sources: 2010[3]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,152 people, 3,110 households, and 2,650 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,784.6 per square mile (689.0 /km2). There were 3,163 housing units at an average density of 616.8 per square mile (238.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.40% (8,365) White, 1.48% (135) Black or African American, 0.04% (4) Native American, 4.91% (449) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.79% (72) from other races, and 1.39% (127) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.86% (536) of the population.[3]

There were 3,110 households, of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.2% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.8% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.20.[3]

In the CDP, 24.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 20.7% from 25 to 44, 35.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.[3]

Education[edit]

As part of Roxbury Township, residents of Succasunna are served by the Roxbury School District.

Established in 1963, St. Therese School is a Catholic school located in the community, operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson.[12][13]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Succasunna-Kenvil include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 13, 2013.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Succasunna Census Designated Place, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Succasunna CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Succasunna-Kenvil CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  7. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), p. III-4. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 23, 2012. "New CDPs: Kenvil (formed from part of deleted Succasunna-Kenvil CDP) and Succasunna (formed from part of deleted Succasunna-Kenvil CDP); Deleted CDPs: Succasunna-Kenvil (split to form Kenvil and Succasunna CDPs)."
  8. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  9. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  10. ^ Staff. "Tomorrow's Telephone Is Reality", Rome News-Tribune, June 10, 1965. Accessed August 29, 2013. "Tomorrow's telephone service became a reality for 4,300 telephone customers in Succasunna, N. J., with the cutover of the Bell System's first Commercial Electronic Central Office.... Succasunna is the first step in a nationwide Bell System conversion to Electronic Switching."
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ Morris County Elementary / Secondary Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed July 26, 2008.
  13. ^ History, St. Therese School. Accessed August 25, 2013.
  14. ^ Cassell, Dewey, with Sultan, Aaron; and Gartland, Mike. The Art of George Tuska, p. 27. (TwoMorrows Publishing, 2005), ISBN 1-893905-40-3; ISBN 978-1-893905-40-5. "Chesler had a house with some property up in Succasanna [sic], New Jersey."
  15. ^ Ewing, Emma Mai. "The 'Funnies' Can Be Serious", The New York Times, September 12, 1976. Accessed December 23, 2012. "Now, however, thanks to Harry 'A' Chesler of Succasunna, all that is changing at Fairleigh Dickinson University in Madison, where students and teachers are studying comics and cartoons as related to the transition in American society."
  16. ^ Joseph DeLuca, Flight 93 National Memorial. Accessed September 14, 2013.
  17. ^ Philemon Dickerson, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 25, 2013 . "DICKERSON, Philemon, (brother of Mahlon Dickerson), a Representative from New Jersey; born in Succasunna, Morris County, N.J., January 11, 1788"
  18. ^ About, Doug Miller Soccer. Accessed December 23, 2012. "Doug Miller was born in Succasunna, New Jersey in May of 1969 to Jim and Jackie Miller."