Succession of the Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States

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The following is a list of the succession of the Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Chronology[edit]

Date Justice Action
October 5, 1789 James Wilson Oath of office
October 19, 1789 John Jay Oath of office
February 2, 1790 William Cushing Oath of office
February 2, 1790 John Blair Oath of office
February 15, 1790 John Rutledge Oath of office
May 12, 1790 James Iredell Oath of office
March 5, 1791 John Rutledge Resigned
August 6, 1792 Thomas Johnson Oath of office
January 16, 1793 Thomas Johnson Resigned
March 11, 1793 William Paterson Oath of office
June 29, 1795 John Jay Resigned
August 12, 1795 John Rutledge Oath of office
October 25, 1795 John Blair Resigned
December 15, 1795 John Rutledge Rejected
February 4, 1796 Samuel Chase Oath of office
March 8, 1796 Oliver Ellsworth Oath of office
August 21, 1798 James Wilson Death
February 4, 1799 Bushrod Washington Oath of office
October 20, 1799 James Iredell Death
April 21, 1800 Alfred Moore Oath of office
December 15, 1800 Oliver Ellsworth Resigned
February 4, 1801 John Marshall Oath of office
January 26, 1804 Alfred Moore Resigned
May 8, 1804 William Johnson Oath of office
September 9, 1806 William Paterson Death
January 20, 1807 Brockholst Livingston Oath of office
May 4, 1807 Thomas Todd Oath of office
September 13, 1810 William Cushing Death
June 19, 1811 Samuel Chase Death
November 23, 1811 Gabriel Duvall Oath of office
February 3, 1812 Joseph Story Oath of office
March 18, 1823 Brockholst Livingston Death
February 10, 1824 Smith Thompson Oath of office
February 7, 1826 Thomas Todd Death
June 16, 1826 Robert Trimble Oath of office
August 25, 1828 Robert Trimble Death
November 26, 1829 Bushrod Washington Death
January 11, 1830 John McLean Oath of office
January 18, 1830 Henry Baldwin Oath of office
August 4, 1834 William Johnson Death
January 14, 1835 Gabriel Duvall Resigned
January 14, 1835 James Moore Wayne Oath of office
July 6, 1835 John Marshall Death
March 28, 1836 Roger Brooke Taney Oath of office
May 12, 1836 Philip Pendleton Barbour Oath of office
May 1, 1837 John Catron Oath of office
January 9, 1838 John McKinley Oath of office
February 25, 1841 Philip Pendleton Barbour Death
January 10, 1842 Peter Vivian Daniel Oath of office
December 18, 1843 Smith Thompson Death
April 21, 1844 Henry Baldwin Death
February 27, 1845 Samuel Nelson Oath of office
September 10, 1845 Joseph Story Death
January 3, 1846 Levi Woodbury Oath of office
August 10, 1846 Robert Cooper Grier Oath of office
September 4, 1851 Levi Woodbury Death
October 10, 1851 Benjamin Robbins Curtis Oath of office
July 19, 1852 John McKinley Death
April 11, 1853 John Archibald Campbell Oath of office
September 30, 1857 Benjamin Robbins Curtis Resigned
January 21, 1858 Nathan Clifford Oath of office
May 31, 1860 Peter Vivian Daniel Death
April 4, 1861 John McLean Death
April 30, 1861 John Archibald Campbell Resigned
January 27, 1862 Noah Haynes Swayne Oath of office
July 21, 1862 Samuel Freeman Miller Oath of office
December 10, 1862 David Davis Oath of office
May 20, 1863 Stephen Johnson Field Oath of office
October 12, 1864 Roger Brooke Taney Death
December 15, 1864 Salmon Portland Chase Oath of office
May 30, 1865 John Catron Death
July 5, 1867 James Moore Wayne Death
January 31, 1870 Robert Cooper Grier Retired
March 14, 1870 William Strong Oath of office
March 23, 1870 Joseph P. Bradley Oath of office
November 28, 1872 Samuel Nelson Retired
January 9, 1873 Ward Hunt Oath of office
May 7, 1873 Salmon Portland Chase Death
March 4, 1874 Morrison Remick Waite Oath of office
March 4, 1877 David Davis Resigned
December 10, 1877 John Marshall Harlan Oath of office
December 14, 1880 William Strong Retired
January 5, 1881 William Burnham Woods Oath of office
January 24, 1881 Noah Haynes Swayne Retired
May 17, 1881 Stanley Matthews Oath of office
July 25, 1881 Nathan Clifford Death
January 9, 1882 Horace Gray Oath of office
January 27, 1882 Ward Hunt Disabled
April 3, 1882 Samuel Blatchford Oath of office
May 14, 1887 William Burnham Woods Death
January 18, 1888 Lucius Quintus C. Lamar Oath of office
March 23, 1888 Morrison Remick Waite Death
October 8, 1888 Melville Weston Fuller Oath of office
March 22, 1889 Stanley Matthews Death
January 6, 1890 David Josiah Brewer Oath of office
October 13, 1890 Samuel Freeman Miller Death
January 5, 1891 Henry Billings Brown Oath of office
January 22, 1892 Joseph P. Bradley Death
October 10, 1892 George Shiras, Jr. Oath of office
January 23, 1893 Lucius Quintus C. Lamar Death
March 4, 1893 Howell Edmunds Jackson Oath of office
July 7, 1893 Samuel Blatchford Death
March 12, 1894 Edward Douglass White Oath of office
August 8, 1895 Howell Edmunds Jackson Death
January 6, 1896 Rufus Wheeler Peckham Oath of office
December 1, 1897 Stephen Johnson Field Retired
January 26, 1898 Joseph McKenna Oath of office
September 15, 1902 Horace Gray Death
December 8, 1902 Oliver Wendell Holmes Oath of office
February 23, 1903 George Shiras, Jr. Retired
March 2, 1903 William Rufus Day Oath of office
May 28, 1906 Henry Billings Brown Retired
December 17, 1906 William Henry Moody Oath of office
October 24, 1909 Rufus Wheeler Peckham Death
January 3, 1910 Horace Harmon Lurton Oath of office
March 28, 1910 David Josiah Brewer Death
July 4, 1910 Melville Weston Fuller Death
October 10, 1910 Charles Evans Hughes Oath of office
November 20, 1910 William Henry Moody Disabled
December 18, 1910 Edward Douglass White Promoted
December 19, 1910 Edward Douglass White Oath of office
January 3, 1911 Willis Van Devanter Oath of office
January 3, 1911 Joseph Rucker Lamar Oath of office
October 14, 1911 John Marshall Harlan Death
March 18, 1912 Mahlon Pitney Oath of office
July 12, 1914 Horace Harmon Lurton Death
September 5, 1914 James Clark McReynolds Oath of office
January 2, 1916 Joseph Rucker Lamar Death
June 5, 1916 Louis Dembitz Brandeis Oath of office
June 10, 1916 Charles Evans Hughes Resigned
August 1, 1916 John Hessin Clarke Oath of office
May 19, 1921 Edward Douglass White Death
July 11, 1921 William Howard Taft Oath of office
September 18, 1922 John Hessin Clarke Resigned
October 2, 1922 George Sutherland Oath of office
November 13, 1922 William Rufus Day Retired
December 31, 1922 Mahlon Pitney Disabled
January 2, 1923 Pierce Butler Oath of office
February 5, 1923 Edward Terry Sanford Oath of office
January 5, 1925 Joseph McKenna Retired
March 2, 1925 Harlan Fiske Stone Oath of office
February 3, 1930 William Howard Taft Retired
February 24, 1930 Charles Evans Hughes Oath of office
March 8, 1930 Edward Terry Sanford Death
June 2, 1930 Owen Josephus Roberts Oath of office
January 12, 1932 Oliver Wendell Holmes Retired
March 14, 1932 Benjamin Nathan Cardozo Oath of office
June 2, 1937 Willis Van Devanter Retired
August 19, 1937 Hugo Lafayette Black Oath of office
January 17, 1938 George Sutherland Retired
January 31, 1938 Stanley Forman Reed Oath of office
July 9, 1938 Benjamin Nathan Cardozo Death
January 30, 1939 Felix Frankfurter Oath of office
February 13, 1939 Louis Dembitz Brandeis Retired
April 17, 1939 William Orville Douglas Oath of office
November 16, 1939 Pierce Butler Death
January 18, 1940 Frank Murphy Oath of office
February 1, 1941 James Clark McReynolds Retired
July 1, 1941 Charles Evans Hughes Retired
July 2, 1941 Harlan Fiske Stone Promoted
July 3, 1941 Harlan Fiske Stone Oath of office
July 8, 1941 James Francis Byrnes Oath of office
July 11, 1941 Robert Houghwout Jackson Oath of office
October 3, 1942 James Francis Byrnes Resigned
February 15, 1943 Wiley Blount Rutledge Oath of office
July 31, 1945 Owen Josephus Roberts Resigned
October 1, 1945 Harold Hitz Burton Oath of office
April 22, 1946 Harlan Fiske Stone Death
June 24, 1946 Fred Moore Vinson Oath of office
July 19, 1949 Frank Murphy Death
August 24, 1949 Thomas Campbell Clark Oath of office
September 10, 1949 Wiley Blount Rutledge Death
October 12, 1949 Sherman Minton Oath of office
September 8, 1953 Fred Moore Vinson Death
October 5, 1953 Earl Warren Oath of office
October 9, 1954 Robert Houghwout Jackson Death
March 28, 1955 John Marshall Harlan II Oath of office
October 15, 1956 Sherman Minton Retired
February 25, 1957 Stanley Forman Reed Retired
March 22, 1957 William J. Brennan, Jr. Oath of office
March 25, 1957 Charles Evans Whittaker Oath of office
October 13, 1958 Harold Hitz Burton Retired
October 14, 1958 Potter Stewart Oath of office
April 1, 1962 Charles Evans Whittaker Disabled
April 16, 1962 Byron Raymond White Oath of office
August 28, 1962 Felix Frankfurter Retired
October 1, 1962 Arthur Joseph Goldberg Oath of office
July 25, 1965 Arthur Joseph Goldberg Resigned
October 4, 1965 Abe Fortas Oath of office
June 12, 1967 Thomas Campbell Clark Retired
October 2, 1967 Thurgood Marshall Oath of office
May 14, 1969 Abe Fortas Resigned
June 23, 1969 Earl Warren Resigned
June 23, 1969 Warren Earl Burger Oath of office
June 9, 1970 Harry A. Blackmun Oath of office
September 17, 1971 Hugo Lafayette Black Retired
September 23, 1971 John Marshall Harlan II Retired
January 7, 1972 Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Oath of office
January 7, 1972 William H. Rehnquist Oath of office
November 12, 1975 William Orville Douglas Retired
December 19, 1975 John Paul Stevens Oath of office
July 3, 1981 Potter Stewart Retired
September 25, 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor Oath of office
September 26, 1986 Warren Earl Burger Retired
September 26, 1986 William H. Rehnquist Promoted
September 26, 1986 William H. Rehnquist Oath of office
September 26, 1986 Antonin Scalia Oath of office
June 26, 1987 Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Retired
February 18, 1988 Anthony M. Kennedy Oath of office
July 20, 1990 William J. Brennan, Jr. Retired
October 9, 1990 David H. Souter Oath of office
October 1, 1991 Thurgood Marshall Retired
November 1, 1991 Clarence Thomas Oath of office
June 28, 1993 Byron Raymond White Retired
August 10, 1993 Ruth B. Ginsburg Oath of office
August 3, 1994 Harry A. Blackmun Retired
August 3, 1994 Stephen G. Breyer Oath of office
September 3, 2005 William H. Rehnquist Death
September 29, 2005 John G. Roberts, Jr. Oath of office
January 31, 2006 Sandra Day O'Connor Retired
January 31, 2006 Samuel A. Alito, Jr. Oath of office
June 29, 2009 David H. Souter Retired
August 8, 2009 Sonia Sotomayor Oath of office
June 29, 2010 John Paul Stevens Retired
August 7, 2010 Elena Kagan Oath of office

Notes[edit]

  • Chief Justices are marked in italics.
  • Current members of the Court are marked in bold.

References[edit]

See also[edit]