Sucharitra is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is the 67th melakarta rāgam (parent scale) in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music. It is called Santāna manjari in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.
Structure and Lakshana
It is the 1st rāgam in the 12th chakra Aditya. The mnemonic name is Aditya-Pa. The mnemonic phrase is sa ru gu mi pa dha na. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
The swaras used in this scale are shatsruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, prati madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham and shuddha nishadham. Sucharitra, being a melakarta rāgam, by definition is a sampoorna rāgam (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the prati madhyamam equivalent of Yagapriya, which is the 31st melakarta scale.
Sucharitra scale has been used for the following compositions:
- Chintayami santatam by Dr. M. Balamuralikrishna
- Velu mayil by Koteeswara Iyer
- Santana manjari by Muthuswami Dikshitar
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
Sucharitra's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, does not yield any other melakarta rāgam. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the rāgam.
- Sri Muthuswami Dikshitar Keertanaigal by Vidwan A Sundaram Iyer, Pub. 1989, Music Book Publishers, Mylapore, Chennai
- Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications