Grain elevator in Sudan
|Elevation||3,757 ft (1,145 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Website||Handbook of Texas: Sudan|
According to the The Handbook of Texas, the area where the town is now located was once on land granted to the county in 1892 by the 77 Ranch, owned by S.B. Wilson and Wilson Furneaux. The town developed in 1917-18 with a hotel and service from the Santa Fe railroad, which had built a branch line from Lubbock, Texas to Texico, New Mexico, in 1913. The land company manager and first postmaster, P.E. Boesen, suggested the town's name in 1918. A gin was built in 1922 and a bank established a year later. The town was incorporated in 1925, when the population was 600, up from a population of only fifteen in 1920. The first of several grain elevators was also erected in 1925 and the Sudan News began publication. The population was 1,014 in 1930, 1,336 in 1950, 976 in 1970, and 1,091 in 1980. In 1990 it was 983. The population reached 1,039 in 2000.
Sudan is located at .(34.0678644 -102.5243624)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,039 people, 410 households, and 293 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,145.3 people per square mile (440.8/km²). There were 460 housing units at an average density of 507.1 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.11% White, 5.39% African American, 0.19% Native American, 18.86% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.93% of the population.
There were 410 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,736, and the median income for a family was $37,679. Males had a median income of $30,288 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,727. About 14.5% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Sudan is served by the Sudan Independent School District.
Sudan High School is a Texas Education Agency Exemplary ranked campus, and has received multiple “Bronze” designations in U.S. News & World Report’s annual “America’s Best High Schools” feature.
Sudan High School is well known for the vast opportunities they provide to students from Lamb, Bailey and Cochran counties. Sudan High School continues to have success in both curricular and extra-curricular events.
Notable Sudan I.S.D. Alumni
- Dr. Robert J. Salem, MD, FACS, pioneering heart surgeon in West Texas renowned for role in bringing heart surgery to the South Plains, and in the establishment of Texas Tech Medical School.
- Taylor Whitley (born 1980), NFL player for the Miami Dolphins, Denver Broncos, and the Washington Redskins.
- Vendyl Jones (1930 - 2010), an American Noahide scholar who directed archaeological searches for artifacts such as the Ark of the Covenant.
- Kidron M. Lewis (born 1979), political consultant and campaign aide to both U.S. Representative Martin Frost (former Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee) and Hillary Rodham Clinton.
- Kelly R. Lusk (born 1980), Attorney, Staff Editor of the New York University Law Review
- Krista Kirkland-Gerlich, head coach of West Texas A&M University's Lady Buffs, Former Texas Tech Lady Raiders basketball player on the 1993 NCAA women's basketball championship team.
- Chelsea J. Lewis (born 1984), former adjunct instructor of Mathematics at Texas Tech University, and recipient of the prestigious PEER fellowship funded by the National Science Foundation to use interdisciplinary mathematics and biology to conduct research on zoonotic diseases such as the hantavirus, bird flu, and swine flu.
- Dr. Brian John May, president of Angelo_State_University.
- "Sudan". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.
- William R. Hunt. "Sudan, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.