Sudan Revolutionary Front
|Sudan Revolutionary Front|
|الجبهة الثورية السودان
Participant in the Sudan–SRF conflict
|Active||12 November 2011 — present|
|Groups|| Justice and Equality Movement
Sudan Liberation Movement (al-Nur)
Sudan Liberation Movement (Minnawi)
Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North
Abdul Wahid al Nur
Khalil Ibrahim †
|Allies||South Sudan (alleged)|
The Sudan Revolutionary Front, (Arabic: الجبهة الثورية السودان Al-Jabhat Al-Thawriyat Al-Sudan) sometimes called the Sudanese Revolutionary Front, is an alliance between Sudanese factions opposed to the government led by President Omar al-Bashir. It was declared on 12 November 2011, following several months of support by Darfuri rebel groups for the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North in its conflict with Khartoum.
The alliance brings together the two main factions of the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army, as well as the other major rebel group in Darfur, the Justice and Equality Movement, with rebels in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. The declaration of the SRF's formation was delayed until a disagreement between JEM and the other factions on the role of Islam in a post-revolutionary federal government was resolved.
Areas of operation
Yasir Arman, the secretary-general of the SPLM-N and a prominent member of the SRF's high political committee, said shortly after the SRF's formation that "all Sudan is a theatre for operations, including Khartoum". However, the JEM and both SLM factions are based in the region of Darfur, and the SPLM-N has not expanded its fight against the Sudanese government north of Blue Nile and South Kordofan. In late December, JEM fighters advanced into North Kordofan with the stated intention of ousting President Omar al-Bashir from power, though they suffered a setback when their leader, Khalil Ibrahim, was killed in action in the state.
The Sudanese government, meanwhile, has accused neighbouring South Sudan of supporting the rebel groups. In addition to bombing South Sudanese infrastructure and camps, Sudan has also allegedly backed armed opposition factions within South Sudan, Juba claims.
- "Sudanese Darfur Rebel Group Joins Anti-Government Alliance". Businessweek. 13 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Rebel groups agree to work together for regime change in Sudan". Sudan Tribune. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Sudan rebels form alliance to oust president". Al Jazeera English. 13 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- "Sudan army kills Darfur rebel leader". Al Jazeera English. 25 December 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2011.