Sudhakar Dwivedi was born on 1855 in Khajuri, a village near Varanasi. In childhood he studied mathematics under Pandit Devakrsna. In 1883 he was appointed librarian in the Government Sanskrit College, Varanasi where in 1890 he was appointed the teacher of mathematics and astrology after Bapudeva Sastri, retired in 1889. He was the head of mathematics department in Queen's college Benaras from where he retired in 1905 and mathematician Ganesh Prasad became the new head of department. Dwivedi wrote a number of translations, commentaries and treatises, including one on algebra which included topics such as Pellian equations, squares, and Diophantine equations.In his memory later on one of the his family member, the visionary Late Pt. Jai Narain Dubey started a small school only for girls named Sudhakar Mahila Vidyalaya for Educating local girls living in vicinity of khajuri.In his lifetime due his and his wife Smt.Shanti Dubey's ardous efforts the college today is a post graduate college namelySudhakar Mahilaya Post Graduate College,varanasi. The trust founded by Late Pt. Jai Narain Dubey now operates four institutions on his name Sudhakar Mahilaya Post Graduate College, Sudhakar Mahilaya Intermediate College, Sudhakar Mahilaya Women's Law College, Sudhakar Mahilaya Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya. The principle of Sudhakar Mahilaya Post Graduate College is Shri Prabhu Narain Dubey son of Pt. Jai Narain Dubey . 
Works in sanskrit
- Chalan Kalan
- Deergha Vritta Lakshan ("Characteristics of Ellipse")
- Goleeya Rekha Ganit ("Sphere Line Mathematics")
- Samikaran Meemansa ("Analysis of Equations")
- Yajusha Jyauti-sham and Archa Jyauti-sham
- Ganakatarangini (1892)
- Euclid's Elements 6th, 11th and 12th parts
- Lilavati (1879)
- Bijaganita (1889)
- Pañcasiddhāntikā of Varāhamihira (1889): Co-edited with George Thibaut
- Surya Siddhanta
- Brahmasphutasiddhanta (1902)
- Aryabhata II's Maha-Siddhanta (1910)
Works in Hindi
- Differential Calculus (1886)
- Integral Calculus (1895)
- Theory of equations (1897)
- A History of Hindu mathematics I (1910)
- edited by Joseph W. Dauben, Christoph J. Scriba. Writing the History of Mathematics - Its Historical Development. Springer. pp. 312–313.
- Prasad, Ganesh. Some great mathematicians of the nineteenth century. Krishna Prakashan Media. p. xi.
- Patwardhan, K.S.; Naimpally, A.S.; Singh, Shyamlal (2001). Līlāvatī of Bhāskarācārya: a treatise of mathematics of Vedic tradition : with rationale in terms of modern mathematics largely based on N.H. Phadke's Marāthī translation of Līlāvatī. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. xx. ISBN 978-81-208-1420-2. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- Hoiberg, Dale (2000). Students' Britannica India:Select essays. India: Popular Prakashan. p. 333. ISBN 9780852297629.
- "Metric Measures, Volumes 7-8". 1964. University of California. p. 12. Retrieved 20 Aug 2010.
- "Statement Exhibiting the Moral and Material Progress and Condition of India During the Year 1902". 1902. University of Minnesota. Retrieved 19 Dec 2012.
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