Sudhir Phadke

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Sudhir Phadke
SudhirPhadke SwaraRatna.jpg
Sudhir Phadke receiving 'Sahyadri Swara Ratna Puraskar' from Pt. Jasraj in 2002
Background information
Birth name Ram Phadke
Born (1919-07-25)25 July 1919
Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
Origin Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
Died 29 July 2002(2002-07-29) (aged 83)
Mumbai
Genres Indian classical music
Occupations singer and composer
Instruments Vocal
Notable instruments
Harmonium

Sudhir Phadke (Marathi: सुधीर फडकेAbout this sound pronunciation , 25 July 1919 - 29 July 2002) was an accomplished Marathi singer-composer from India. He was regarded as an icon of the Marathi film industry and Marathi Sugam Sangeet (light music) for five decades. Apart from Marathi, Phadke sang and composed songs in several Hindi films as well.

Phadke's nickname was Babuji.[1][2]

Brief biography[edit]

Sudhir Phadke was born in Kolhapur on 25 July 1919. His birth name was Ram Phadke, but he later changed his name to 'Sudhir' when he composed a song for HMV. Phadke acquired his primary tutelage in vocal classical music from the late Vamanrao Padhye in Kolhapur. After beginning his career with HMV in 1941, he joined the Prabhat Film Company as music director in 1946. During his long career, he composed music for many Marathi and Hindi films. He was also an immaculate playback singer. Phadke married his fellow singer Lalita Deulkar. Their son Shridhar Phadke (born 1950) is also a composer and singer.

Geet Ramayana, based on poet G D Madgulkar's verses, is one of Phadke's most popular works. The programme ran on All India Radio for a year, 1954-55. Stage performances of the program continue to draw huge crowds even today. Phadke set to music all 56 songs, and they were sung by different singers for radio (Manik Varma, lalita Deulkar, Lata Mangeshkar, Phadke himself, Vasantrao Deshpande, Ram Phatak, Usha Atre). All 56 songs were also recorded in Phadke's own voice.

In last days of his life, Phadke was involved in producing a Hindi film on the life of the Indian freedom fighter Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. The movie Veer Savarkar was funded by public donations. Sudhir Phadke last sang and composed music for this movie.

He was also actively involved with Goa Freedom Movement and in post freedom fight of India Phadke was connected with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh for over 60 years.[3] He was the main inspiration and founder member of India Heritage Foundation in the United States.

Filmography[edit]

Sudhir Phadke has 111 films to his credit as a music director, 21 of which are in Hindi. He extensively worked with famous Indian singers such as Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar.

As a composer[edit]

(Partial filmography)[4][5]

  • Gokul (1946)
  • Aage Badho (1947)
  • Sita Swayamwar (1948)
  • Jivacha sakha (1948)
  • [Sita Swayanwar] (1948)
  • [Vande Mataram] (1948)
  • Apraadhi (1949)
  • Bheem (1949)
  • Maya Baazar (1949)
  • Ram Pratiggya (1949)
  • Sant Janabai (1949)
  • Shri Krishna Darshan (1950)
  • Johar Maibap (1950)
  • Pudhacha Paul (1950)
  • Vanshacha Diva (1950)
  • Jashas Tase (1951)
  • Vithal Rakhmai (1951)
  • Maalti Madhav (1951)
  • Murli Wala (1951)
  • Lakhaci Goshta (1952)
  • May Bahini (1952)
  • Narveer Tanaji (1952)
  • Pratapgad (1952)
  • Bolvita dhani (1953)
  • Kon Kunacha (1953)
  • Kuberacha Dhan (1953)
  • Soubhagya (1953)
  • Vahininchya bangadya(1953)
  • Pehli Taarikh(1954)
  • Ratna Ghar(1954)
  • In meen sade teen(1954)
  • Maharani Yesubai(1954)
  • Un paus (1954)
  • Owalni (1954)
  • Postatil mulgi(1954)
  • Rashmachya Gathi (1954)
  • Shevagyachya Shenga (1955)
  • Ganget ghoda nhala(1955)
  • Mi tulas tuzhya angani(1955)
  • Devghar (1956)
  • Sajni (1956)
  • Andhala magato ek dola (1956)
  • Maza ghar mazi manasa(1956)
  • Devagharcha lena (1957)
  • Gharcha zala thoda(1957)
  • Utavala narad(1957)
  • Gaj Gauri (1958)
  • Gokul Ka Chor (1959)
  • Jagachya pathiwar(1960)
  • Lagnala jato mi(1960)
  • Umaj padel tar (1960)
  • Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan (1961)
  • Adhi kalas mag paya(1961)
  • Kalanka Shobha(1961)
  • Mazi Aai (1961)
  • Nirupama ani parirani(1961)
  • Prapancha(1961)
  • Suwasini(1961)
  • Pyar Ki Jeet (1962)
  • Bhintila kaan astat(1962)
  • Char divas sasuche char divas suneche(1962)
  • Chimnyanchi shala(1962)
  • Gariba gharachi lek(1962)
  • Soniyachi paule(1962)
  • Bayko maheri jate(1963)
  • Ha maza marga ekla(1963)
  • Te maze ghar(1963)
  • Devacha khel (1964)
  • Gurukilli(1966)
  • Sant gora kumbhar(1967)
  • Ekati (1968)
  • Aamhi jaato amuchchya gaava(1968)
  • Aadhar (1969)
  • Dev manus (1970)
  • Dhakti bahin(1970)
  • Mumbaicha jawai (Marathi original of Basu Chatterjee Hindi language film Piya ka ghar)(1970)
  • Zala mahar pandharinath (1970)
  • Daraar (1971 film)
  • Bajiraocha beta (1971)
  • Zep (1971)
  • Lakhat ashi dekhani (1971)
  • Mi hi manus ahe(1971)
  • Anolkhi(1973)
  • Javai vikat ghene ahe (1973)
  • Kartiki(1974)
  • Jyotibacha navas (1975)
  • Ya sukhano ya (1975)
  • Aram haram ahe (1976)
  • Chandra hota sakshila (1978)
  • Dost asava tar asa(1978)
  • Sher Shivaji (1981)
  • Aplech dat amplech oth (1982)
  • Thorali Jau(1983)
  • Chorachya manat chandane (1984)
  • Maherchi manasa (1984)
  • Dhakti soon (1986)
  • Pudhacha paul (1986)
  • Sher Shivaji (1987)
  • Reshim gathi (1988)
  • Rukmini Swayamwar
  • Veer Savarkar (Hindi)

Popular songs[edit]

Geet Ramayan (Marathi: गीत रामायण )[edit]

Composed and renditioned 'Geet Ramayan', 56 songs written by Madgulkar. Geet Ramayan, collection of songs is summary of Indian epic of Ramayana in chronological sequence. The first of Geet Ramayan by Sudhir Phadke was broadcast by All India Radio Pune on Friday the April 1, 1955 on the auspicious day of Raam Navami (celebration of the birth of Lord Rama). From 1 April 1955 for 56 weeks, every Sunday a new song of Geet Ramayana was broadcast. It was one of the most popular programs of that time. Geet Ramayan has been translated in 9 Indian languages Assamese, Bengali, English, Hindi, Kannada, Konkani, Sindhi, Telugu and Oriya.

As a composer[edit]

  • "Pehli Tarikh", sung by Kishor Kumar the song is till date played on Radio Ceylon-Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation on 1st of every month.

Other major creations of Phadke include: Ashi pakhare yeti, Dev devharyat nahi, Daav mandun mandun modu nako, Vikat ghetla shyam, Tujhe geet ganyasathi sur labhu de, Toch chandrama nabhaat.

Awards[edit]

Phadke won numerous awards, including:

Death[edit]

He died in Mumbai on 29 July 2002 at 10.30 AM after suffering a brain hemorrhage. His body was kept at Veer Savarkar Memorial at Dadar in central Mumbai, where many admirers came to pay their last tributes.

A Flyover which goes over the railway line and Dahisar river in the Mumbai suburb between Borivali and Dahisar connecting east and west was named after him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gangadhar Maddiwar (25 January 2011). Eternal Happiness. Xlibris Corporation. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4568-3581-1. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Marathi music director Phadke dead". The Times of India. Mumbai: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 2002-07-29. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee, The Man of India's destiny". Archived from the original on 2006-07-16. Retrieved 2006-09-14. 
  4. ^ Down Melody Lane..::..Composers - Shyam Sundar, Snehal Bhatkar, Sudhir Phadke, Timir Baran & V. Balsara
  5. ^ Sudhir Phadke
  6. ^ "11th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved September 13, 2011.