Suffren-class ship of the line

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Suffren mg 9446.jpg
1/20th scale model on display at the Musée national de la Marine
Class overview
Name: Suffren
Builders: Toulon, Brest
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Bucentaure class ship of the line
Succeeded by: Hercule class
Completed: 14
General characteristics
Class & type: Suffren class ship of the line
Displacement: 4,070 tonnes
Length: 60.50 metres
Beam: 16.28 metres
Draught: 7.40 metres
Propulsion: 3,114 m² of sails
Complement: 810 to 846 men
Armament:

1824-1839:
30 × 30-pounders on lower deck
32 × 30-pounders on middle deck
24 × 30-pounder carronades and 4 × 18-pounders on upper decks
1839-1840
26 × 30-pounders and 4 ×22cm Paixhans guns on lower deck
32 × 30-pounders on middle deck

24 × 30-pounder carronades and 4 × 16 cm Paixhans guns on upper decks
Armour: 6.97 cm of timber

The Suffren class was a late type of 90-gun ships of the line of the French Navy.

The design was created on 30 January 1824 by an appointed Commission comprising Jean-Marguerite Tupinier, Jacques-Noël Sané, Pierre Rolland, Pierre Lair and Jean Delamoriniere. Intended as successors of the 80-gun Bucentaure class, they introduced the innovation of having straight walls, instead of the Tumblehome design that had prevailed until then; this tended to heighten the ships' centre of gravity, but provided much more room for equipment in the upper decks. Stability issues was fixed with underwater stabilisers.

Units[edit]

Fourteen ships were ordered to this design, of which twelve were modified as steam-driven vessels.

Builder: Cherbourg
Begun: August 1824
Launched: 27 August 1829
Completed: March 1831
Fate: Deleted February 1861, renamed Ajax in April 1865, and taken to pieces 1874-76.
Builder: Rochefort
Begun: August 1827
Launched: 21 November 1839
Completed: August 1840
Fate: Condemned August 1875.
Builder: Lorient
Begun: July 1823
Launched: 28 August 1847
Completed: August 1849
Fate: Renamed Triton in August 1876
Builder: Rochefort
Begun: March 1823
Launched: 3 May 1848
Completed: August 1848
Fate: Wrecked 14 December 1859; refloated and taken to pieces in June 1860
Builder: Brest
Begun: May 1827
Launched: 31 July 1848
Completed: 1849
Fate: Deleted in May 1871, renamed Breslau 1881 and taken to pieces 1886-87.
Builder: Toulon
Begun: April 1834
Launched: 16 January 1851
Completed: December 1851 (as steam screw ship)
Fate: Condemned in February 1882. Taken to pieces 1884
Builder: Lorient
Begun: 28 January 1849
Launched: 14 September 1852
Completed: April 1853 (as steam screw ship)
Fate: Renamed Donawerth in August 1868; sold or broken up in 1869
Builder: Lorient
Begun:
Launched: 15 February 1854
Completed:
Fate:
Builder: Cherbourg
Begun:
Launched: 30 March 1854
Completed:
Fate:
Builder: Brest
Begun:
Launched: 25 April 1854
Completed:
Fate:
Builder: Rochefort
Begun:
Launched: 27 March 1857
Completed:
Fate:
Builder: Toulon
Begun:
Launched: 2 December 1858
Completed:
Fate:
Builder: Toulon
Begun:
Launched: 15 March 1860
Completed:
Fate:
Builder: Toulon
Begun:
Launched: 14 July 1860
Completed:
Fate:

References[edit]

  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671–1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.