Sugaring (epilation)

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Sugaring, sugar waxing or Persian waxing is a method of hair removal that has been in use since 1900 BC.[1][2] Historically, sugar was confined to the regions surrounding Papua New Guinea until the first millennium AD. As a result, it is speculated that honey was the first sugaring agent. Sugaring was also known as sukkar in the Middle East and in Egypt, as ağda in Turkey, and as moum in Iran.[3]

Sugaring is often compared to standard waxing. During the process, a sugaring substrate sticks to and essentially removes hair without attaching to the skin. The substrate can be applied at room temperature or heated to a lukewarm temperature, minimizing the risk of burns.[4] For this reason, sugaring is generally preferred over waxing when it comes to removing hair from larger areas of skin.[3] Nevertheless, sugaring can result in skin irritation, sensitivity, and reaction.[4] However, this can sometimes be prevented by taking an anti-histamine. Sugar itself is otherwise hypoallergenic.

There are some distinct differences between home and professional-use sugar paste. The majority of store-bought products contain wax, while homemade pastes often utilize sugar and other natural ingredients.

Sugaring paste[edit]

Sugaring paste can be prepared with common household food items such as water, sugar, lemon juice,[4][5] cornstarch,[6] honey and molasses. Since natural sugar is used in the solution, it also has the benefit of being anti-bacterial. Lemon juice is added for its acidity, which breaks up the sucrose into fructose and glucose. As in candy making, this gives the finished sugaring wax a non-crystalline, or amorphous, structure. Getting the correct consistency takes practice for most users. Pre-made sugar paste is also sold. This includes professional and retail versions, which may contain guar gum among other ingredients.[4][5] Since sugaring paste is water-based and water-soluble, the substance can be easily cleaned up with warm water.[4][5]

Studio Smooth website states that sugaring is preferable to waxing, because the former has no resins, except for guar.[5]

Standard recipe[edit]

The most common recipe for sugaring wax is as follows (units by volume):[7]

  • 8 units of sugar
  • 1 unit of lemon (either fresh or from a bottle, not from concentrate)
  • 1 unit of water

The ingredients are heated and mixed until they are completely liquid; after this the liquid changes from seemingly white to a light, gold-like color (while being heated). The solution should not be allowed to become too dark. Darkness and hardness are controlled by heating the solution to specific temperatures. For a thick paste, the solution should be heated to 118°C, and to 121°C for a gel.

When completed, the solution is left to cool to room temperature.

Process[edit]

With the strip method, the area to be epilated is typically dusted with powder (commercial or corn starch) prior to application of the sugaring solution, which is spread on with a spatula or tongue depressor. Some eco-friendly salons have noted that these products are not necessary for applying the sugaring solution.[6][8] To begin the process, a pliable, honey-like sugar paste, typically made from sugar, lemon juice and water, is applied to the skin.[8] After the sticky paste is applied to the skin in the same direction of hair growth, a strip of porous cloth or paper is pressed into the preparation and quickly removed, with the strip taking hairs along with it.[4][6][9] Afterwards, the process can be repeated after 8–10 days of hair growth. This is unlike the 3–4 weeks worth of hair growth traditional waxing requires.[8]

See also[edit]

wikibooks:Body Hair Removal/Equipment#Sugar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tannir, Dania; Leshin, Barry (March 2001). "Sugaring: An Ancient Method of Hair Removal". Dermatologic Surgery 27 (3): 309–311. doi:10.1111/j.1524-4725.2001.00175.x. 
  2. ^ "HistoryUndressed". Historyundressed.com. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Fernandez, Alexandra A; França, Katlein; Chacon, Anna H; Nouri, Keyvan (2013). "From flint razors to lasers: a timeline of hair removal methods". Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology 12 (2): 156. doi:10.1111/jocd.12021. ISSN 1473-2130. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Sugaring vs waxing". Splendicity.com. Retrieved 11 April 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d "Your Questions". StudioSmooth.com. Retrieved 11 April 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c "Sugaring". Spaindex.com. 11 April 2009. 
  7. ^ "Sugaring Hair Removal Recipe - Gel or Paste". about.com. 2014-06-24. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  8. ^ a b c Namkung, Victoria (2010-03-18). "A Sweet (and Green) Way to Remove Hair". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  9. ^ "Sugaring or Sugar Waxing". SimplyHairRemoval.com. Retrieved 11 April 2009. 

External links[edit]