|Town subdivisions||Town and 4 districts|
|Mayor||Jens Triebel (Ind.)|
|Area||102.70 km2 (39.65 sq mi)|
|Population||38,219 (31 December 2011)|
|- Density||372 /km2 (964 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Suhl sits on the south edge of the Suhler Scholle, an upthrust granite complex that is streaked by numerous dikes. This is part of the Ruhla-Schleusingen Horst that defines the southwest side of the Thuringian Forest. The southwest side of the Suhler Scholle abuts horizontal sedimentary layers, Buntsandstein (sandstone from the Triassic period) over Zechstein (evaporite deposits from the Permian period). The granite of the Suhler Scholle is capped with Permian sediments and igneous deposits. The higher hills to the northeast are part of the Beerberg Scholle, an irregularly cracked mass of quartz porphyry from the later Permian period.
A band of iron ores follows the fault dividing the Suhler Scholle from the sedimentary rocks to the southwest, while the copper and silver deposits are to the northeast in the Permian deposits above the Suhler Scholle. Southeast of town, there is a significant uranium deposit in the Buntsandstein.
According to a local Thuringian joke, "Suhl is so close to the edge of the world you can see Zella-Mehlis". This illustrated the good natured rivalry between Suhl and Zella-Mehlis (another gun-making town). Suhl was located in what was then considered a remote part of Thuringia, with Zella-Mehlis just a short 6 km (3.73 mi) away.
First appearing in 1318, the coat of arms from 1365 shows two hammers, indicating the city's most important livelihood: metal processing. City rights were granted (confirmed) in 1527.
Suhl was capital of the southwestern GDR district "Bezirk Suhl" from 1952 to 1990.
Arms industry 
The metal processing of Suhl naturally led, during the Renaissance, to other major local industries, including gunsmithing and armoring. Suhl was a major producer of cannons throughout the seventeenth and subsequent centuries, and Suhl cannons were used by many European powers. A major arms company that was located in Suhl for almost 200 years was J.P. Sauer und Sohn GmbH, producer of hunting rifles, shotguns, and pistols, such as the Sauer 38H, until moving operations to Eckernförde at the end of WWII.
Other prominent firearms manufacturers in Suhl included
- Simson, (also known as BSW and then Gustloff Werke under Nazi rule and Ernst Thälmann Suhl under Communist rule),
- Waffenfabrik August Menz, noted for having produced in the 1920s the Liliput pistol, one of the smallest semiautomatic handguns ever made.
- C.G. Haenel.
- The largest manufacturer producing firearms currently in Suhl is Merkel GmbH, who make both rifles and shotguns.
During the Cold War, the East German national shooting arena was located at Suhl, and hosted many top-level competitions, including the 1986 ISSF World Championships. Although surpassed in this respect in the unified Germany by the Olympic shooting centre at Munich, Suhl remains an important place to the sport. It hosts Germany's only school for armorers, and a well equipped museum of weapons.
Notable people 
- Birthplace of Corinna Harfouch (October 16, 1954–), German actress
International relations 
Suhl is twinned with:
- České Budějovice, Czech Republic
- Bègles, France
- Калу́гa(Kaluga), Russia
- Lahti, Finland
- Leszno, Poland
- Смолян(Smolyan), Bulgaria
- Würzburg, Germany
See also